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Genesis 36:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the first-born of Esau: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These [were] dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn [son] of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz, the firstborn of Esau, are chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These [were] dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the first-born [son] of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz, the firstborn of Esau: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These, are the chiefs of the sons of Esau:—The sons of Eliphaz, firstborn of Esau,—Chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— These [are] chiefs of the sons of Esau: sons of Eliphaz, first-born of Esau: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz, the firstborn of Esau: duke Theman, duke Omar, duke Sepho, duke Cenez,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These [were] dukes of the sonnes of Esau: the sonnes of Eliphaz the first borne sonne of Esau, duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— These [are] the chiefs of the son of Esau, [even] the sons of Eliphaz{gr.Eliphas}, the first-born of Esau; chief Teman{gr.Thaeman}, chief Omar, chief Sophar, chief Kenaz{gr.Kenez},
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— These [were] dukes of the sons of Esaw: the sons of Elifaz the firstborn [son] of Esaw; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Tzefo, duke Qenaz,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[were] dukes 441
{0441} Prime
אַלּוּף
'alluwph
{al-loof'}
From H0502; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle).
of the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `$w עֵשָׂו: 6215
{6215} Prime
עֵשָׂו
`Esav
{ay-sawv'}
Apparently a form of the passive participle of H6213 in the original sense of handling; rough (that is, sensibly felt); Esav, a son of Isaac, including his posterity.
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of lfz אֱלִיפָז 464
{0464} Prime
אֱלִיפַז
'Eliyphaz
{el-ee-faz'}
From H0410 and H6337; God of gold; Eliphaz, the name of one of Job's friends, and of a son of Esau.
the firstborn 1060
{1060} Prime
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
[son] of `$w עֵשָׂו; 6215
{6215} Prime
עֵשָׂו
`Esav
{ay-sawv'}
Apparently a form of the passive participle of H6213 in the original sense of handling; rough (that is, sensibly felt); Esav, a son of Isaac, including his posterity.
duke 441
{0441} Prime
אַלּוּף
'alluwph
{al-loof'}
From H0502; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle).
Tmn תֵּימָן, 8487
{8487} Prime
תֵּימָן
Teyman
{tay-mawn'}
The same as H8486; Teman, the name of two Edomites, and of the region and descendants of one of them.
duke 441
{0441} Prime
אַלּוּף
'alluwph
{al-loof'}
From H0502; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle).
mr אוֹמָר, 201
{0201} Prime
אוֹמָר
'Owmar
{o-mawr'}
From H0559; talkative; Omar, a grandson of Esau.
duke 441
{0441} Prime
אַלּוּף
'alluwph
{al-loof'}
From H0502; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle).
Xf צְפוֹ, 6825
{6825} Prime
צְפוֹ
Ts@phow
{tsef-o'}
From H6822; observant; Tsepho or Tsephi, an Idumaean.
duke 441
{0441} Prime
אַלּוּף
'alluwph
{al-loof'}
From H0502; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle).
Knaz קְנַז, 7073
{7073} Prime
קְנַז
Q@naz
{ken-az'}
Probably from an unused root meaning to hunt; hunter; Kenaz, the name of an Edomite and of two Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 36:15-19

_ _ dukes — The Edomites, like the Israelites, were divided into tribes, which took their names from his sons. The head of each tribe was called by a term which in our version is rendered “duke” — not of the high rank and wealth of a British peer, but like the sheiks or emirs of the modern East, or the chieftains of highland clans. Fourteen are mentioned who flourished contemporaneously.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 36:9-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 36:15

These [were] (d) dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn [son] of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,

(d) If God's promises are so sure towards those who are not of his household, how much more will he perform the same for us?

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
First aristocracy of dukes, from am cir, 2429, to am cir, 2471; from bc cir. 1575, to bc cir. 1533.

dukes:
The word duke is from the Latin dux, a captain or leader, from duco, to lead, guide; which is the exact import of the Hebrew (אלוף [Strong's H0441]), alluph, from אלף, to lead, guide; and is here applied to heads of families, chieftains, or princes, who were military leaders.
Genesis 36:18 And these [are] the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these [were] the dukes [that came] of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife.
1 Chronicles 1:35 The sons of Esau; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.

Eliphaz:

Job 21:8 Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes.
Psalms 37:35 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.

duke Teman:

Genesis 36:4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemath bare Reuel;
Genesis 36:11-12 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. ... And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these [were] the sons of Adah Esau's wife.
1 Chronicles 1:36 The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.
1 Chronicles 1:45 And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead.
1 Chronicles 1:51-54 Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth, ... Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These [are] the dukes of Edom.
Job 2:11 Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.
Job 4:1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said,
Jeremiah 49:7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts; [Is] wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished?
Jeremiah 49:20 Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them.
Ezekiel 25:13 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword.
Amos 1:12 But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.
Obadiah 1:9 And thy mighty [men], O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter.
Habakkuk 3:3 God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 36:4, 11, 18. 1Ch 1:35, 36, 45, 51. Jb 2:11; 4:1; 21:8. Ps 37:35. Jr 49:7, 20. Ezk 25:13. Am 1:12. Ob 1:9. Hab 3:3.

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