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Genesis 35:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Israel journeyed on and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent on the other side of Migdal-Eder.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then Israel brake up,—and spread his tent at a distance from Migdal Eder.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Israel journeyeth, and stretcheth out his tent beyond the tower of Edar;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Departing thence, he pitched his tent beyond the Flock tower.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Israel iourneyed and spread his tent beyond the towre of Edar.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yisrael journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
journeyed, 5265
{5265} Prime
A primitive root; properly to pull up, especially the tent pins, that is, start on a journey.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and spread 5186
{5186} Prime
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his tent 168
{0168} Prime
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
beyond 1973
{1973} Prime
From the primitive form of the article; to the distance, that is, far away; also (of time) thus far.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the tower 4026
{4026} Prime
From H1431; a tower (from its size or height); by analogy a rostrum; figuratively a (pyramidal) bed of flowers.
of `er עֵדֶר. 4029
{4029} Prime
From H4026 and H5739; tower of a flock; Migdal-Eder, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 35:21-29

_ _ Here is, 1. Jacob's removal, Genesis 35:21. He also, as his fathers, sojourned in the land of promise as in a strange country, and was not long in a place. Immediately after the story of Rachel's death he is here called Israel (Genesis 35:21, Genesis 35:22), and not often so afterwards: the Jews say, “The historian does him this honour here because he bore that affliction with such admirable patience and submission to Providence.” Note, Those are Israel's indeed, princes with God, that support the government of their own passions. He that has this rule over his own spirit is better than the mighty. Israel, a prince with God, yet dwells in tents; the city is reserved for him in the other world. 2. The sin of Reuben. A piece of abominable wickedness it was that he was guilty of (Genesis 35:22), that very sin which the apostle says (1 Corinthians 5:1) is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's wife. It is said to have been when Israel dwelt in that land; as if he were then absent from his family, which might be the unhappy occasion of these disorders. Though perhaps Bilhah was the greater criminal, and it is probable was abandoned by Jacob for it, yet Reuben's crime was so provoking that, for it, he lost his birthright and blessing, Genesis 49:4. The first-born is not always the best, nor the most promising. This was Reuben's sin, but it was Jacob's affliction; and what a sore affliction it was is intimated in a little compass, and Israel heard it. No more is said — that is enough; he heard it with the utmost grief and shame, horror and displeasure. Reuben thought to conceal it, that his father should never hear of it; but those that promise themselves secresy in sin are generally disappointed; a bird of the air carries the voice. 3. A complete list of the sons of Jacob, now that Benjamin the youngest was born. This is the first time we have the names of these heads of the twelve tribes together; afterwards we find them very often spoken of and enumerated, even to the end of the Bible, Revelation 7:4; Revelation 21:12. 4. The visit which Jacob made to his father Isaac at Hebron. We may suppose he had visited him before since his return, for he sorely longed after his father's house; but never, till now, brought his family to settle with him, or near him, Genesis 35:27. Probably he did this now upon the death of Rebekah, by which Isaac was left solitary, and not disposed to marry again. 5. The age and death of Isaac are here recorded, though it appears, by computation, that he died not till many years after Joseph was sold into Egypt, and much about the time that he was preferred there. Isaac, a mild quiet man, lived the longest of all the patriarches, for he was 180 years old; Abraham was but 175. Isaac lived about forty years after he had made his will, Genesis 27:2. We shall not die an hour the sooner, but abundantly the better, for our timely setting our heart and house in order. Particular notice is taken of the amicable agreement of Esau and Jacob, in solemnizing their father's funeral (Genesis 35:29), to show how wonderfully God had changed Esau's mind since he vowed his brother's murder immediately after his father's death, Genesis 27:41. Note, God has many ways of preventing bad men from doing the mischief they intended; he can either tie their hands or turn their hearts.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 35:21

Israel, a prince with God, yet dwells in tents; the city is reserved for him in the other world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Micah 4:8 And thou, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, even the first dominion; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem.
Luke 2:8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.
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Mi 4:8. Lk 2:8.

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