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Genesis 33:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jacob came in peace to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Paddan-aram; and encamped before the city.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which [is] in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Paddan-aram, and camped before the city.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which [is] in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan-aram; and pitched his tent before the city.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jacob came safely [to the] city Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan-Aram; and he encamped before the city.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Jacob came in peace to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan,—when he came in from Padan-aram,—and he encamped before the city.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jacob cometh in to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which [is] in the land of Canaan, in his coming from Padan-Aram, and encampeth before the city,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he passed over to Salem, a city of the Sichemites, which is in the land of Chanaan, after he returned from Mesopotamia of Syria: and he dwelt by the town.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Iacob came to Shalem, a citie of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan Aram, and pitched his tent before the Citie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jacob came to Salem, a city of Secima, which is in the land of Canaan{gr.Chanaan}, when he departed out of Padanaram{gr.Mesopotamia} of Syria, and took up a position in front of the city.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yaaqov came to Shalem, a city of Shekhem, which [is] in the land of Kenaan, when he came from Paddan Aram; and pitched his tent before the city.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to lm שָׁלֵם, y8004
[8004] Standard
שָׁלֵם
Shalem
{shaw-lame'}
The same as H8003; peaceful; Shalem, an early name of Jerusalem.
x8003
(8003) Complement
שָׁלֵם
shalem
{shaw-lame'}
From H7999; complete (literally or figuratively); especially friendly. (shalem used by mistake for a name.).
a city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of em שְׁכֶם, 7927
{7927} Prime
שְׁכֶם
Sh@kem
{shek-em'}
The same as H7926; ridge; Shekem, a place in Palestine.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Cn`an כְּנָעַן, 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
when he came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
from Paddan rm פַּדַּן־אֲרָם; 6307
{6307} Prime
פַּדָּן
Paddan
{pad-dawn'}
From an unused root meaning to extend; a plateau; or the second form which is from the same and H0758; the table land of Aram; Paddan or Paddan-Aram, a region of Syria.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and pitched his tent 2583
{2583} Prime
חָנָה
chanah
{khaw-naw'}
A primitive root (compare H2603); properly to incline; by implication to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically to pitch a tent; generally to encamp (for abode or siege).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the city. 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 33:18

_ _ Shalem — that is, “peace”; and the meaning may be that Jacob came into Canaan, arriving safe and sound at the city Shechem — a tribute to Him who had promised such a return (compare Genesis 28:15). But most writers take Shalem as a proper name — a city of Shechem, and the site is marked by one of the little villages about two miles to the northeast. A little farther in the valley below Shechem “he bought a parcel of a field,” thus being the first of the patriarchs who became a proprietor of land in Canaan.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 33:16-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 33:18

And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem — Or rather he came safe, or in peace, to the city of Shechem. After a perilous journey, in which he had met with many difficulties, he came safe at last, into Canaan.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Shalem:
The word Shalem in the Samaritan Shalom, should probably be rendered "in peace," or "in safety;" as it is translated by the Chaldee, Arabic, Coverdale, and Matthewes.
John 3:23 And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.
John 4:5 Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
Acts 7:16 And were carried over into Sychem, and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham bought for a sum of money of the sons of Emmor [the father] of Sychem.

a city of Shechem:
Or, rather, "the city Shechem," which was situated in a narrow valley, abounding with springs, between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim, having the former on the north, and the latter on the south; 10 miles from Shiloh, and 34 from Jerusalem. It became the capital of Samaria, after the ruin of the city of that name.
Joshua 24:1 And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God.
Judges 9:1 And Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem unto his mother's brethren, and communed with them, and with all the family of the house of his mother's father, saying,
John 4:5 Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
, Sychar,
Acts 7:16 And were carried over into Sychem, and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham bought for a sum of money of the sons of Emmor [the father] of Sychem.
, Sychem, Padan-aram,
Genesis 25:20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padanaram, the sister to Laban the Syrian.
Genesis 28:6-7 When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padanaram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan; ... And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother, and was gone to Padanaram;
Genesis 35:9 And God appeared unto Jacob again, when he came out of Padanaram, and blessed him.
Genesis 46:15 These [be] the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters [were] thirty and three.
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Gn 25:20; 28:6; 35:9; 46:15. Jsh 24:1. Jg 9:1. Jn 3:23; 4:5. Ac 7:16.

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genesis33:8 precise here that Salem is not located in Jerusalem, but is a city of Shechem where Simeon and Levi destroyed after the prince of the land Shechem violated Dinah the daughter of Leah wife of Jacob.
it is interesting to notice that in the time of Melchizedek there is no circomcision in Salem.
- Tchiakpe Thierry jtchiakpe@gmail.com (4/19/2016 4:15:39 PM) [qBible.com]
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