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Genesis 29:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— While he was yet speaking with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep. For she kept them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And while he yet spake with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep: for she kept them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— While he was still speaking with them, Rachel came with her father’s sheep, for she was a shepherdess.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And while he was yet speaking with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep: for she kept them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— While he was still speaking to them, Rachel came with her father's sheep, for she was a shepherdess.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— While yet he was speaking with them, Rachel, had come in with the sheep which belonged to her father, for, a shepherdess, was she.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He is yet speaking with them, and Rachel hath come with the flock which her father hath, for she [is] shepherdess;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They were yet speaking, and behold Rachel came with her father's sheep; for she fed the flock.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And while hee yet spake with them, Rachel came with her fathers sheepe: for she kept them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— While he was yet speaking to them, behold, Rachel the daughter of Laban came with her father's sheep, for she fed the sheep of her father.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And while he yet spake with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep: for she kept them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And while he yet 5750
{5750} Prime
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
spake 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
them, Rl רָחֵל 7354
{7354} Prime
רָחֵל
Rachel
{raw-khale'}
The same as H7353; Rachel, a wife of Jacob.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
her father's 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
sheep: 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
she x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
kept x7462
(7462) Complement
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
them. y7462
[7462] Standard
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 29:9-11

_ _ While he yet spake with them, Rachel came — Among the pastoral tribes the young unmarried daughters of the greatest sheiks tend the flocks, going out at sunrise and continuing to watch their fleecy charges till sunset. Watering them, which is done twice a day, is a work of time and labor, and Jacob rendered no small service in volunteering his aid to the young shepherdess. The interview was affecting, the reception welcome, and Jacob forgot all his toils in the society of his Mesopotamian relatives. Can we doubt that he returned thanks to God for His goodness by the way?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 29:9-14

_ _ Here we see, 1. Rachel's humility and industry: She kept her father's sheep (Genesis 29:9), that is, she took the care of them, having servants under her that were employed about them. Rachel's name signifies a sheep. Note, Honest useful labour is that which nobody needs be ashamed of, nor ought it to be a hindrance to any one's preferment. 2. Jacob's tenderness and affection. When he understood that this was his kinswoman (probably he had heard of her name before), knowing what his errand was into that country, we may suppose it struck his mind immediately that his must be his wife. Being already smitten with her ingenuous comely face (though it was probably sun-burnt, and she was in the homely dress of a shepherdess), he is wonderfully officious, and anxious to serve her (Genesis 29:10), and addresses himself to her with tears of joy and kisses of love, Genesis 29:11. She runs with all haste to tell her father; for she will by no means entertain her kinsman's address without her father's knowledge and approbation, Genesis 29:12. These mutual respects, at their first interview, were good presages of their being a happy couple. 3. Providence made that which seemed contingent and fortuitous to give speedy satisfaction to Jacob's mind, as soon as ever he came to the place which he was bound for. Abraham's servant, when he came upon a similar errand, met with similar encouragement. Thus God guides his people with his eye, Psalms 32:8. It is a groundless conceit which some of the Jewish writers have, that Jacob, when he kissed Rachel, wept because he had been set upon in his journey by Eliphaz the eldest son of Esau, at the command of his father, and robbed of all his money and jewels, which his mother had given him when she sent him away. It was plain that it was his passion for Rachel, and the surprise of this happy meeting, that drew these tears from his eyes. 4. Laban, though none of the best-humoured men, bade him welcome, was satisfied in the account he gave of himself, and of the reason of his coming in such poor circumstances. While we avoid the extreme, on the one hand, of being foolishly credulous, we must take heed of falling into the other extreme, of being uncharitably jealous and suspicious. Laban owned him for his kinsman: Thou art my bone and my flesh, Genesis 29:14. Note, Those are hard-hearted indeed that are unkind to their relations, and that hide themselves from their own flesh, Isaiah 58:7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 29:9

She kept her father's sheep — She took the care of them, having servants under her that were employed about them when he understood that this was his kinswoman (probably he had heard of her name before) knowing what his errand was into that country, we may suppose it struck into his mind immediately, that this must be his wife, as one already smitten with an honest comely face (though it is likely, sun — burnt, and she in the homely dress of a shepherdess) he is wonderfully officious, and ready to serve her, Genesis 29:10, and addresses himself to her with tears of joy, and kisses of love, Genesis 29:11, she runs with all haste to tell her father, for she will by no means entertain her kinsman's address without her father's knowledge and approbation, Genesis 29:12. These mutual respects at their first interview were good presages of their being a happy couple. Providence made that which seemed contingent and fortuitous to give a speedy satisfaction to Jacob's mind as soon as ever he came to the place he was bound for. Abraham's servant, when he came upon a like errand, met with the like encouragement. Thus God guides his people with his eye, Psalms 32:8. It is a groundless conceit which some of the Jewish writers have, that Jacob when he kissed Rachel wept, because he had been set upon his journey by Eliphaz the eldest son of Esau, at the command of his father, and robbed him of all his money and jewels, which his mother had given him when she sent him away: it is plain it was his passion for Rachel, and the surprise of this happy meeting that drew these tears from his eyes. Laban, though none of the best humoured men, bid him welcome, was satisfied in the account he gave of himself, and of the reason of his coming in such poor circumstances. While we avoid the extreme on the one hand of being foolishly credulous, we must take heed of falling into the other extreme of being uncharitably jealous and suspicious. Laban owned him for his kinsman, Genesis 29:14. Thou art my bone and my flesh. Note, Those are hard — hearted indeed that are unkind to their relations, and that hide themselves from their own flesh, Isaiah 58:7.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Rachel:

Genesis 24:15 And it came to pass, before he had done speaking, that, behold, Rebekah came out, who was born to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother, with her pitcher upon her shoulder.
Exodus 2:15-16 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well. ... Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.
Exodus 2:21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.
Song of Songs 1:7-8 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest [thy flock] to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions? ... If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

for she kept them:
In those primitive times, a pastoral life was not only considered useful but honourable. Nor was it beneath the dignity of the daughters of the most opulent chiefs to carry water from the well, or tend the sheep. Jacob, Moses, and David were shepherds.
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Gn 24:15. Ex 2:15, 21. So 1:7.

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