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Genesis 29:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah saw that Leah was hated, and he opened her womb. But Rachel was barren.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the LORD saw that Leah [was] hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel [was] barren.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the LORD saw that Leah was unloved, and He opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the LORD saw that Leah [was] hated, he made her fruitful: but Rachel [was] barren.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when Jehovah saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb; but Rachel was barren.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when Yahweh saw that Leah was hated, he granted her to bear children,—whereas, Rachel, was barren.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah seeth that Leah [is] the hated one, and He openeth her womb, and Rachel [is] barren;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord seeing that he despised Lia, opened her womb, but her sister remained barren.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, hee opened her wombe: but Rachel was barren.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And when the Lord God saw that Leah{gr.Lea} was hated, he opened her womb; but Rachel was barren.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when Yahweh saw that Leah [was] hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel [was] barren.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
L לֵאָה 3812
{3812} Prime
לֵאָה
Le'ah
{lay-aw'}
From H3811; weary; Leah, a wife of Jacob.
[was] hated, 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
he opened 6605
{6605} Prime
פָּתַח
pathach
{paw-thakh'}
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
her womb: 7358
{7358} Prime
רֶחֶם
rechem
{rekh'-em}
From H7355; the womb (compare H7356).
but Rl רָחֵל 7354
{7354} Prime
רָחֵל
Rachel
{raw-khale'}
The same as H7353; Rachel, a wife of Jacob.
[was] barren. 6135
{6135} Prime
עָקָר
`aqar
{aw-kawr'}
From H6131; sterile (as if extirpated in the generative organs).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 29:31

_ _ Leah ... hated — that is, not loved so much as she ought to have been. Her becoming a mother ensured her rising in the estimation both of her husband and of society.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 29:31-35

_ _ We have here the birth of four of Jacob's sons, all by Leah. Observe, 1. That Leah, who was less beloved, was blessed with children, when Rachel was denied that blessing, Genesis 29:31. See how Providence, in dispensing its gifts, observes a proportion, to keep the balance even, setting crosses and comforts one over-against another, that none may be either too much elevated or too much depressed. Rachel wants children, but she is blessed with her husband's love; Leah wants that, but she is fruitful. Thus it was between Elkana's two wives (1 Samuel 1:5); for the Lord is wise and righteous. When the Lord saw that Leah was hated, that is, loved less than Rachel, in which sense it is required that we hate father and mother, in comparison with Christ (Luke 14:26), then the Lord granted her a child, which was a rebuke to Jacob, for making so great a difference between those that he was equally related to, — a check to Rachel, who perhaps insulted over her sister upon that account, — and a comfort to Leah, that she might not be overwhelmed with the contempt put upon her: thus God giveth abundant honour to that which lacked, 1 Corinthians 12:24. 2. The names she gave her children were expressive of her respectful regards both to God and to her husband. (1.) She appears very ambitious of her husband's love: she reckoned the want of it her affliction (Genesis 29:32); not upbraiding him with it as his fault, nor reproaching him for it, and so making herself uneasy to him, but laying it to heart as her grief, which yet she had reason to bear with the more patience because she herself was consenting to the fraud by which she became his wife; and we may well bear that trouble with patience which we bring upon ourselves by our own sin and folly. She promised herself that the children she bore him would gain her the interest she desired in his affections. She called her first-born Reuben (see a son), with this pleasant thought, Now will my husband love me; and her third son Levi (joined), with this expectation, Now will my husband by joined unto me, Genesis 29:34. Mutual affection is both the duty and comfort of that relation; and yoke-fellows should study to recommend themselves to each other, 1 Corinthians 7:33, 1 Corinthians 7:34. (2.) She thankfully acknowledges the kind providence of God in it: The Lord hath looked upon my affliction, Genesis 29:32. “The Lord hath heard, that is, taken notice of it, that I was hated (for our afflictions, as they are before God's eyes, so they have a cry in his ears), he has therefore given me this son.” Note, Whatever we have that contributes either to our support and comfort under our afflictions or to our deliverance from them, God must be owned in it, especially his pity and tender mercy. Her fourth she called Judah (praise), saying, Now will I praise the Lord, Genesis 29:35. And this was he of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ came. Note, [1.] Whatever is the matter of our rejoicing ought to be the matter of our thanksgiving. Fresh favours should quicken us to praise God for former favours. Now will I praise the Lord more and better than I have done. [2.] All our praises must centre in Christ, both as the matter of them and as the Mediator of them. He descended from him whose name was praise, for he is our praise. Is Christ formed in my heart? Now will I praise the Lord.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 29:31

When the Lord saw that Leah was hated — That is, loved less than Rachel, in which sense it is required that we hate father and mother, in comparison with Christ, Luke 14:26, then the Lord granted her a child, which was a rebuke to Jacob for making so great a difference between those he was equally related to; a check to Rachel, who, perhaps insulted over her sister upon that account; and a comfort to Leah, that she might not be overwhelmed with the contempt put upon her.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 29:31

And when the LORD saw that Leah [was] hated, he (k) opened her womb: but Rachel [was] barren.

(k) This declares that often they who are despised by men are favoured by God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
saw:

Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which [are] in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;

was hated:

Genesis 29:30 And he went in also unto Rachel, and he loved also Rachel more than Leah, and served with him yet seven other years.
Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.
Deuteronomy 21:15 If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, [both] the beloved and the hated; and [if] the firstborn son be hers that was hated:
Malachi 1:3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.
Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Matthew 10:37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
Luke 14:26 If any [man] come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
John 12:25 He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.

he opened:

Genesis 16:1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name [was] Hagar.
Genesis 20:18 For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.
Genesis 21:1-2 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken. ... For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.
Genesis 25:21 And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she [was] barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
Genesis 30:1-2 And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die. ... And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, [Am] I in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit of the womb?
Genesis 30:22 And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb.
Judges 13:2-3 And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name [was] Manoah; and his wife [was] barren, and bare not. ... And the angel of the LORD appeared unto the woman, and said unto her, Behold now, thou [art] barren, and bearest not: but thou shalt conceive, and bear a son.
1 Samuel 1:5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.
1 Samuel 1:20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, [saying], Because I have asked him of the LORD.
1 Samuel 1:27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:
1 Samuel 2:21 And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bare three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD.
Psalms 127:3 Lo, children [are] an heritage of the LORD: [and] the fruit of the womb [is his] reward.
Luke 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were [now] well stricken in years.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 16:1; 20:18; 21:1; 25:21; 27:41; 29:30; 30:1, 22. Ex 3:7. Dt 21:15. Jg 13:2. 1S 1:5, 20, 27; 2:21. Ps 127:3. Mal 1:3. Mt 6:24; 10:37. Lk 1:7; 14:26. Jn 12:25.

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