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Genesis 27:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God give thee of the dew of heaven, And of the fatness of the earth, And plenty of grain and new wine.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now may God give you of the dew of heaven, And of the fatness of the earth, And an abundance of grain and new wine;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And God give thee of the dew of heaven, And of the fatness of the earth, And plenty of corn and new wine.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, may God give thee of the dew of the heavens, And of the fatness of the earth,—And abundance of corn, and new wine:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and God doth give to thee of the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the earth, and abundance of corn and wine;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— God give thee of the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the earth, abundance of corn and wine.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore God giue thee of the dew of heauen, and the fatnesse of the earth, and plenty of corne and wine.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And may God give thee of the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the earth, and abundance of corn and wine.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore Elohim give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thee of the dew 2919
{2919} Prime
טַל
tal
{tal}
From H2926; dew (as covering vegetation).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of heaven, 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
and the fatness 4924
{4924} Prime
מִשְׁמָן
mashman
{mash-mawn'}
From H8080; fat, that is, (literally and abstractly) fatness; but usually (figuratively and concretely) a rich dish, a fertile field, a robust man.
of the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and plenty 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
of corn 1715
{1715} Prime
דָּגָן
dagan
{daw-gawn'}
From H1711; properly increase, that is, grain.
and wine: 8492
{8492} Prime
תִּירוֹשׁ
tiyrowsh
{tee-roshe'}
From H3423 in the sense of expulsion; must or fresh grape juice (as just squeezed out); by implication (rarely) fermented wine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 27:28

_ _ Genesis 27:28-46. The blessing.

_ _ God give thee of the dew of heaven — To an Oriental mind, this phraseology implied the highest flow of prosperity. The copious fall of dew is indispensable to the fruitfulness of lands, which would be otherwise arid and sterile through the violent heat; and it abounds most in hilly regions, such as Canaan, hence called the “fat land” (Nehemiah 9:25, Nehemiah 9:35).

_ _ plenty of corn and wine — Palestine was famous for vineyards, and it produced varieties of corn, namely, wheat, barley, oats, and rye.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 27:18-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

See commentary on Genesis 27:27-31.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of the dew:

Deuteronomy 11:11-12 But the land, whither ye go to possess it, [is] a land of hills and valleys, [and] drinketh water of the rain of heaven: ... A land which the LORD thy God careth for: the eyes of the LORD thy God [are] always upon it, from the beginning of the year even unto the end of the year.
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
Deuteronomy 33:13 And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD [be] his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath,
Deuteronomy 33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob [shall be] upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.
2 Samuel 1:21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither [let there be] rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.
1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, [who was] of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, [As] the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.
Psalms 65:9-13 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. ... The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sing.
Psalms 133:3 As the dew of Hermon, [and as the dew] that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, [even] life for evermore.
Isaiah 45:8 Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Hosea 14:5-7 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon. ... They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.
Micah 5:7 And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the LORD, as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men.
Hebrews 11:20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.

the fatness:

Genesis 27:39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above;
Genesis 45:18 And take your father and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land.
Genesis 49:20 Out of Asher his bread [shall be] fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.
Numbers 13:20 And what the land [is], whether it [be] fat or lean, whether there be wood therein, or not. And be ye of good courage, and bring of the fruit of the land. Now the time [was] the time of the firstripe grapes.
Psalms 36:8 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.
Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;

plenty:

Deuteronomy 7:13 And he will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee: he will also bless the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the land which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee.
Deuteronomy 8:7-9 For the LORD thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; ... A land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any [thing] in it; a land whose stones [are] iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass.
Deuteronomy 33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob [shall be] upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.
Joshua 5:6 For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the people [that were] men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware that he would not shew them the land, which the LORD sware unto their fathers that he would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey.
1 Kings 5:11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat [for] food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year.
2 Chronicles 2:10 And, behold, I will give to thy servants, the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil.
Psalms 65:9 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it.
Psalms 65:13 The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sing.
Psalms 104:15 And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
Joel 2:19 Yea, the LORD will answer and say unto his people, Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, and ye shall be satisfied therewith: and I will no more make you a reproach among the heathen:
Zechariah 9:17 For how great [is] his goodness, and how great [is] his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:39; 45:18; 49:20. Nu 13:20. Dt 7:13; 8:7; 11:11; 32:2; 33:13, 28. Jsh 5:6. 2S 1:21. 1K 5:11; 17:1. 2Ch 2:10. Ps 36:8; 65:9, 13; 104:15; 133:3. Is 45:8. Jr 14:22. Ho 14:5. Jol 2:19. Mi 5:7. Zc 9:17. Ro 11:17. He 11:20.

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