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Genesis 26:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— because Abraham obeyed Me and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes and My laws.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— because that Abraham hearkened to my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because that Abraham hearkened unto my voice,—and so kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes and my laws.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— because that Abraham hath hearkened to My voice, and keepeth My charge, My commands, My statutes, and My laws.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my precepts and commandments, and observed my ceremonies and laws.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Because that Abraham obeyed my voyce, and kept my charge, my Commandements, my Statutes and my Lawes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Because Abraham{gr.Abraam} thy father hearkened to my voice, and kept my injunctions, and my commandments, and my ordinances, and my statutes.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Because that Avraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Because 6118
{6118} Prime
From H6117 in the sense of H6119; a heel, that is, (figuratively) the last of anything (used adverbially for ever); also result, that is, compensation; and so (adverbially with preposition or relatively) on account of.
that x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ŽAvrähäm אַברָהָם 85
{0085} Prime
Contracted from H0001 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram.
obeyed 8085
{8085} Prime
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
my voice, 6963
{6963} Prime
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
and kept 8104
{8104} Prime
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
my charge, 4931
{4931} Prime
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
my commandments, 4687
{4687} Prime
From H6680; a command, whether human or divine (collectively the Law).
my statutes, 2708
{2708} Prime
Feminine of H2706, and meaning substantially the same.
and my laws. 8451
{8451} Prime
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 26:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 26:5

Abraham obeyed my voice — Do thou do so too, and the promise shall be sure to thee. A great variety of words is here used to express the Divine Will to which Abraham was obedient, my voice, my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws — Which may intimate, that Abraham's obedience was universal; he obeyed the original laws of nature, the revealed laws of divine worship, particularly that of circumcision, and all the extraordinary precepts God gave him, as that of quitting his country, and that (which some think is more especially referred to) the offering up of his son, which Isaac himself had reason enough to remember. Those only shall have the benefit of God's covenant with their parents, that tread the steps of their obedience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 26:5

Because that Abraham (c) obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

(c) He commends Abraham's obedience, because Isaac should be even more ready to follow the same: for as God made this promise of his free mercy, so does the confirmation of it proceed from the same fountain.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 12:4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram [was] seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.
Genesis 17:23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.
Genesis 22:16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son]:
Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
Psalms 112:1-2 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments. ... His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the upright shall be blessed.
Psalms 128:1-6 [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his ways. ... Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, [and] peace upon Israel.
Matthew 5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach [them], the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
Matthew 7:24 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock:
1 Corinthians 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.
Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.
James 2:21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 12:4; 17:23; 18:19; 22:16, 18. Ps 112:1; 128:1. Mt 5:19; 7:24. 1Co 15:58. Ga 5:6. He 11:8. Jm 2:21.

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Concerning Abraham keeping the Torah:

According to Genesis 7:2,6 Noah knew the difference between "clean" and "unclean" animals, despite after the Flood being told, "Every moving thing that liveth shall be food for you." (Genesis 9:3)

According to Genesis 12:7,8 Abram built an altar to Yahweh and "called upon the name of YHWH." Similarly, according to Genesis 22:14 Abraham called the name of a place "Yahweh-Yireh. As it is said to this day." Nevertheless, Exodus 6:3 informs us:

I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, as El Shaddai; but by my name Yahweh I was not known to them.


So it really depends on *which* part of the Scripture you read. There were different ideas about when, exactly, the Patriachs first started to keep the various laws concerning Yahweh that were commonplace in the day when these parts of Genesis, Exodus, etc... were being written.
- Martin (12/6/2011 9:55:20 PM)
How did Abraham keep the Torah? The law wasn't given until Moses. He also had concubines. "Thou shalt not commit adultery" is a law. I'm looking for truth, so I'm asking. Thanks for any feedback.
- Kathy (12/6/2011 1:56:05 PM) []
What is the difference between a commandment, a statute, and a law?
- Marcus (7/6/2010 11:37:00 AM) []
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