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Genesis 2:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And no plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for Jehovah God had not caused it to rain upon the earth: and there was not a man to till the ground;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and [there was] not a man to till the ground.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the LORD God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and [there was] not a man to till the ground.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and every shrub of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew; for Jehovah Elohim had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, no bush of the field, as yet—was in the earth, and, no herb of the field, as yet had sprung up,—because Yahweh God had not sent rain on the earth, and, man, was there none to till the ground;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and no shrub of the field is yet in the earth, and no herb of the field yet sprouteth, for Jehovah God hath not rained upon the earth, and a man there is not to serve the ground,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And every plant of the field before it sprung up in the earth, and every herb of the ground before it grew: for the Lord God had not rained upon the earth; and there was not a man to till the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And euery plant of the field, before it was in the earth, and euery herbe of the field, before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to raine vpon the earth, and there [was] not a man to till the ground.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and every herb of the field before it was on the earth, and all the grass of the field before it sprang up, for God had not rained on the earth, and there was not a man to cultivate it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for Yahweh Elohim had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and [there was] not a man to till the ground.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
plant 7880
{7880} Prime
שִׂיחַ
siyach
{see'-akh}
From H7878; a shoot (as if uttered or put forth), that is, (generically) shrubbery.
of the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
before 2962
{2962} Prime
טֶרֶם
terem
{teh'-rem}
From an unused root apparently meaning to interrupt or suspend; properly non-occurrence; used adverbially not yet or before.
it was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
herb 6212
{6212} Prime
עֵשֶׂב
`eseb
{eh'-seb}
From an unused root meaning to glisten (or be green); grass (or any tender shoot).
of the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
before 2962
{2962} Prime
טֶרֶם
terem
{teh'-rem}
From an unused root apparently meaning to interrupt or suspend; properly non-occurrence; used adverbially not yet or before.
it grew: 6779
{6779} Prime
צָמַח
tsamach
{tsaw-makh'}
A primitive root; to sprout (transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for 3588
{3588} Prime
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
had not 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
caused it to rain 4305
{4305} Prime
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and [there was] not 369
{0369} Prime
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
a man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
to till 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the ground. 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 2:5-6

_ _ rain, mist — (See on Genesis 1:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 2:4-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

See commentary on Genesis 2:4-7.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 2:5

And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to (d) rain upon the earth, and [there was] not a man to till the ground.

(d) God only opens the heavens and shuts them, he sends drought and rain according to his good pleasure.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
plant:

Genesis 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, [and] herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed [was] in itself, after his kind: and God saw that [it was] good.
Psalms 104:14 He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;

had not:

Job 5:10 Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields:
Job 38:26-28 To cause it to rain on the earth, [where] no man [is; on] the wilderness, wherein [there is] no man; ... Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Psalms 65:9-11 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. ... Thou crownest the year with thy goodness; and thy paths drop fatness.
Psalms 135:7 He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain; he bringeth the wind out of his treasuries.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Matthew 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
Hebrews 6:7 For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed, receiveth blessing from God:

to till:

Genesis 3:23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.
Genesis 4:2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Genesis 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:12; 3:23; 4:2, 12. Jb 5:10; 38:26. Ps 65:9; 104:14; 135:7. Jr 14:22. Mt 5:45. He 6:7.

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"Yahweh had not sent rain on the earth."

This is an interesting verse to contemplate from an ecological or geological standpoint...
- Martin (10/30/2012 11:25:13 PM)
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