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Genesis 19:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do anything till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Hurry, escape there, for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” Therefore the name of the town was called Zoar.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Haste thee, escape thither: for I cannot do any thing till thou hast come thither: therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Haste, escape thither; for I cannot do anything until thou art come there. Therefore the name of the city is called Zoar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Haste thee, escape thither, for I cannot do anything, until thou have come in thither. For this cause, was the name of the city called, Zoar.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— haste, escape thither, for I am not able to do anything till thine entering thither;' therefore hath he calleth the name of the city Zoar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Make haste, and be saved there: because I cannot do any thing till thou go in thither. Therefore the name of that city was called Segor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haste thee, escape thither: for I cannot doe any thing till thou bee come thither: therefore the name of the citie was called Zoar.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hasten therefore to escape thither, for I shall not be able to do anything until thou art come thither; therefore he called the name of that city, Zoar{gr.Segor}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Tzoar.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Haste 4116
{4116} Prime
מָהַר
mahar
{maw-har'}
A primitive root; properly to be liquid or flow easily, that is, (by implication); to hurry (in a good or bad sense); often used (with another verb) adverbially promptly.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
thee, escape 4422
{4422} Prime
מָלַט
malat
{maw-lat'}
A primitive root; properly to be smooth, that is, (by implication) to escape (as if by slipperiness); causatively to release or rescue; specifically to bring forth young, emit sparks.
z8734
<8734> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 118
thither; x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I cannot 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
do 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
any thing 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
till x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
thou be come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
thither. x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
Therefore x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
was called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
X`ar צֹעַר. 6820
{6820} Prime
צֹעַר
Tso`ar
{tso'-ar}
From H6819; little; Tsoar, a place East of the Jordan.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 19:22

_ _ Haste ... for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither — The ruin of Sodom was suspended till he was secure. What care God does take of His people (Revelation 7:3)! What a proof of the love which God bore to a good though weak man!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 19:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 19:22

I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither — The very presence of good men in a place helps to keep off judgments. See what care God takes for the preservation of his people!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 19:22

Haste thee, escape thither; for I (l) cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called (m) Zoar.

(l) Because God's commandment was to destroy the city and to save Lot.

(m) Which before was called Belah, in (Genesis 14:2).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for:

Genesis 32:25-28 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. ... And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
Exodus 32:10 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.
Deuteronomy 9:14 Let me alone, that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they.
Psalms 91:1-10 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. ... There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling.
Isaiah 65:8 Thus saith the LORD, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and [one] saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing [is] in it: so will I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not destroy them all.
Mark 6:5 And he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed [them].
2 Timothy 2:13 If we believe not, [yet] he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself.
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;

called:

Genesis 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it [was] well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [even] as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Genesis 14:2 [That these] made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
Isaiah 15:5 My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.
Jeremiah 48:34 From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.

Zoar:
i.e. little,
Genesis 19:20 Behold now, this city [is] near to flee unto, and it [is] a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, ([is] it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.
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Gn 13:10; 14:2; 19:20; 32:25. Ex 32:10. Dt 9:14. Ps 91:1. Is 15:5; 65:8. Jr 48:34. Mk 6:5. 2Ti 2:13. Tit 1:2.

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