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Genesis 18:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I will go down now, and see if they have done entirely according to its outcry, which has come to Me; and if not, I will know.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come to me; and if not, I will know.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come to me; and if not, I will know [it].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let me go down, pray, and let me behold, whether, according to their outcry which hath come in unto me, they have done altogether, And if not, I must know!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I go down now, and see whether according to its cry which is coming unto Me they have done completely—and if not—I know;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I will go down and see whether they have done according to the cry that is come to me; or whether it be not so, that I may know.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I will goe downe now, and see whether they haue done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come vnto me: and if not, I will know.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I will therefore go down and see, if they completely correspond with the cry which comes to me, and if not, that I may know.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I will go down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
now, x4994
(4994) Complement
נָא
na'
{naw}
A primitive particle of incitement and entreaty, which may usually be rendered I pray, now or then; added mostly to verbs (in the imperative or future), or to interjections, occasionally to an adverb or conjugation.
and see 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
whether they have done 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
altogether 3617
{3617} Prime
כָּלָה
kalah
{kaw-law'}
From H3615; a completion; adverbially completely; also destruction.
according to the cry 6818
{6818} Prime
צְעָקָה
tsa`aqah
{tsah-ak-aw'}
From H6817; a shriek.
of it, which is come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me; and if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
not, x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
I will know. 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 18:21

_ _ I will go down ... and see — language used after the manner of men. These cities were to be made examples to all future ages of God’s severity; and therefore ample proof given that the judgment was neither rash nor excessive (Ezekiel 18:23; Jeremiah 18:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 18:16-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 18:21

I will go down now and see — Not as if there were any thing concerning which God is in doubt; but he is pleased thus to express himself after the manner of men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 18:21

I will (k) go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the (l) cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

(k) God speaks after the fashion of men: that is, I will enter into judgment with good advise.

(l) For our sins cry for vengeance, though no one accuses us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will go down:
This is spoken figuratively; and as the Jewish writers speak, according to the language of men. So eyes, ears, hands, and other members of the body are attributed to God, for effecting those things which men cannot accomplish without these members.
Genesis 11:5 And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.
Genesis 11:7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
Exodus 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
Exodus 33:5 For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye [are] a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.
Micah 1:3 For, behold, the LORD cometh forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread upon the high places of the earth.
John 6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.
1 Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

see:

Job 34:22 [There is] no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
Psalms 90:8 Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret [sins] in the light of thy countenance.
Jeremiah 17:1 The sin of Judah [is] written with a pen of iron, [and] with the point of a diamond: [it is] graven upon the table of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars;
Jeremiah 17:10 I the LORD search the heart, [I] try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, [and] according to the fruit of his doings.
Zephaniah 1:12 And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.
Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

I will know:

Exodus 33:5 For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye [are] a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.
Deuteronomy 8:2 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.
Deuteronomy 13:3 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the LORD your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
Joshua 22:22 The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if [it be] in rebellion, or if in transgression against the LORD, (save us not this day,)
Psalms 139:1-24 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known [me]. ... And see if [there be any] wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.
Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
2 Corinthians 11:11 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 11:5, 7. Ex 3:8; 33:5. Dt 8:2; 13:3. Jsh 22:22. Jb 34:22. Ps 90:8; 139:1. Jr 17:1, 10. Mi 1:3. Zp 1:12. Lk 16:15. Jn 6:38. 2Co 11:11. 1Th 4:16. He 4:13.

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