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Genesis 14:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar).
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [That these] made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [that] they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [That these] made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [that] they made war with Bera the king of Sodom, and with Birsha the king of Gomorrah, Shinab the king of Admah, and Shemeber the king of Zeboim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— that they made war with Bera, king of Sodom, and with Birsha, king of Gomorrah,—Shinab, king of Admah, and Shemeber, king of Zeboim, and the king of Bela—the same, is Zoar.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— they have made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboim, and the king of Bela, which [is] Zoar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Made war against Bara, king of Sodom, and against Bersa, king of Gomorrha, and against Sennaab, king of Adama, and against Semeber, king of Seboim, and against the king of Bala, which is Segor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That [these] made warre with Bera King of Sodome, and with Birsha King of Gomorrah, Shinab King of Admah, and Shemeber King of Zeboiim, and the King of Bela, which is Zoar.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— made war with Bilhah{gr.Balla} king of Sodom, and with Barsa king of Gomorrah{gr.Gomorrha}, and with Sennaar, king of Adama, and with Symobor king of Seboim and the king of Bela{gr.Balac}, this is Zoar{gr.Segor}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [That these] made war with Bera king of Sedom, and with Birsha king of Amorah, Shinav king of Admah, and Shemever king of Tzevoyim, and the king of Bela, which is Tzoar.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[That these] made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
war 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
with 854
{0854} Prime
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Bera` בֶּרַע 1298
{1298} Prime
בֶּרַע
Bera`
{beh'-rah}
Of uncertain derivation; Bera, a Sodomitish king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Sm סְדֹם, 5467
{5467} Prime
סְדֹם
C@dom
{sed-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to scorch; burnt (that is, volcanic or bituminous) district; Sedom, a place near the Dead Sea.
and with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Bira` בִּרשַׁע 1306
{1306} Prime
בִּרְשַׁע
Birsha`
{beer-shah'}
Probably from H7562 with prepositional prefix; with wickedness; Birsha, a king of Gomorrah.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of `mr עֲמֹרָה, 6017
{6017} Prime
עֲמֹרָה
`Amorah
{am-o-raw'}
From H6014; a (ruined) heap; Amorah, a place in Palestine.
inv שִׁנאָב 8134
{8134} Prime
שִׁנְאָב
Shin'ab
{shin-awb'}
Probably from H8132 and H0001; a father has turned; Shinab, a Canaanite.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Am אַדמָה, 126
{0126} Prime
אַדְמָה
'Admah
{ad-maw'}
Contracted for H0127; earthy; Admah, a place near the Dead Sea.
and emver שֶׁמאֵבֶר 8038
{8038} Prime
שֶׁמְאֵבֶר
Shem'eber
{shem-ay'-ber}
Apparently from H8034 and H0083; name of pinion, that is, illustrious; Shemeber, a king of Zeboim.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Xvym צְבוֹיִים, 6636
{6636} Prime
צְבֹאיִם
Ts@bo'iym
{tseb-o-eem'}
Plural of H6643; gazelles; Tseboim or Tsebijim, a place in Palestine.
and the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Bela` בֶּלַע, 1106
{1106} Prime
בֶּלַע
Bela`
{beh'-lah}
The same as H1105; Bela, the name of a place, also of an Edomite and of two Israelites.
which x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
is y1931
[1931] Standard
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
X`ar צֹעַר. 6820
{6820} Prime
צֹעַר
Tso`ar
{tso'-ar}
From H6819; little; Tsoar, a place East of the Jordan.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 14:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Sodom:

Genesis 10:19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
Genesis 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it [was] well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [even] as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Genesis 19:24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;
Isaiah 1:9-10 Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, [and] we should have been like unto Gomorrah. ... Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.

Admah:

Deuteronomy 29:23 [And that] the whole land thereof [is] brimstone, and salt, [and] burning, [that] it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath:
Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? [how] shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? [how] shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.

Zeboiim:

1 Samuel 13:18 And another company turned the way [to] Bethhoron: and another company turned [to] the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.
Nehemiah 11:34 Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat,

Zoar:

Genesis 19:20-30 Behold now, this city [is] near to flee unto, and it [is] a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, ([is] it not a little one?) and my soul shall live. ... And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.
Deuteronomy 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.
Isaiah 15:5 My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.
Jeremiah 48:34 From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.
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Gn 10:19; 13:10; 19:20, 24. Dt 29:23; 34:3. 1S 13:18. Ne 11:34. Is 1:9; 15:5. Jr 48:34. Ho 11:8.

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