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Genesis 1:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness [was] upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness [was] upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the earth, had become waste and wild, and, darkness, was on the face of the roaring deep,—but, the Spirit of God, was brooding on the face of the waters.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse [was] vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But the earth was unsightly and unfurnished, and darkness was over the deep, and the Spirit of God moved over the water.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness [was] upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of Elohim moved upon the face of the waters.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
was 1961
{1961} Prime
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
without form, 8414
{8414} Prime
תֹּהוּ
tohuw
{to'-hoo}
From an unused root meaning to lie waste; a desolation (of surface), that is, desert; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
and void; 922
{0922} Prime
בֹּהוּ
bohuw
{bo'-hoo}
From an unused root (meaning to be empty); a vacuity, that is, (superficially) an undistinguishable ruin.
and darkness 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
[was] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of the deep. 8415
{8415} Prime
תְּהוֹם
t@howm
{teh-home'}
(Usually feminine) from H1949; an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water supply).
And the Spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
moved 7363
{7363} Prime
רָחַף
rachaph
{raw-khaf'}
A primitive root; to brood; by implication to be relaxed.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
upon 5921
{5921} Prime
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of the waters. 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 1:2

_ _ the earth was without form and void — or in “confusion and emptiness,” as the words are rendered in Isaiah 34:11. This globe, at some undescribed period, having been convulsed and broken up, was a dark and watery waste for ages perhaps, till out of this chaotic state, the present fabric of the world was made to arise.

_ _ the Spirit of God moved — literally, continued brooding over it, as a fowl does, when hatching eggs. The immediate agency of the Spirit, by working on the dead and discordant elements, combined, arranged, and ripened them into a state adapted for being the scene of a new creation. The account of this new creation properly begins at the end of this second verse; and the details of the process are described in the natural way an onlooker would have done, who beheld the changes that successively took place.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 1:1-2.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 1:2

Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, Genesis 1:10) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, Isaiah 34:11. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep — God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, Isaiah 45:7.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters — He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, Matthew 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) Deuteronomy 32:11.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 1:2

And the earth was (b) without form, and void; and (c) darkness [was] upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God (d) moved upon the face of the waters.

(b) As an unformed lump and without any creature in it: for the waters covered everything.

(c) Darkness covered the deep waters, for the waters covered everything.

(d) He maintained this disordered mass by his secret power.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
without:

Job 26:7 He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, [and] hangeth the earth upon nothing.
Isaiah 45:18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I [am] the LORD; and [there is] none else.
Jeremiah 4:23 I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light.
Nahum 2:10 She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain [is] in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.

Spirit:

Job 26:14 Lo, these [are] parts of his ways: but how little a portion is heard of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?
Psalms 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
Psalms 104:30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.
Isaiah 40:12-14 Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance? ... With whom took he counsel, and [who] instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of understanding?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 26:7, 14. Ps 33:6; 104:30. Is 40:12; 45:18. Jr 4:23. Na 2:10.

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lIE-LOVERS-REV.22;15, 2THESS.2;8-10, DEAF-ADDERS-PSA.58;1-5, IRON-SHARPEN-IRON, SCOFFER 15;12.WILL NEVER UNDERSTAND ELOHIM DIVINE WORD.
WHEN YOU HAVE QUALIFIED FOR A DELUSION PROPENSITY=YOUR Love FOR LIES.=2THESS.2;8-10.
ELOHIM TRUTH CAN,T HELP YOU.
ONLY SHATAN/GOG OF MAGOG LIES ,CHURCHES AND DOCTRINES. WILL APPEASE YOUR PERVERSED AND INIQUITY SCOMATO PROPENSITY. ESCHATOLOGICaL ,TOKEN OF PERDITION WILL BE YOUR WAGES. HEB.9-27.
ECCL 7;28.CONTEXT IS NOT TALKING about THE GOG OF MAGOG/SHATAN PAGAN NAME .
A. Pseudo -white dogma NAMES= god, jesus,christmas, easter.thankgiving.
b.The context [eccl 7;28] is talking about.
1.one righteous man found in that time frame.
a.that obeyed Elohim word.
B.ELOHIM SON HE NEVER CALLED zeus,jeus,
ELOHIM CALLED HIS SON AMMANUEL,EMMANUEL,IMMANUEL
ISA.7;14,8;8 ,9;6-9,MATT.1.23
ONLY SHATAN /GOG OF MAGOG FOLLOWER BELIEVE
THE CREATOR NAME IS GOD AND HIS SON IS JESUS.REV. 2O;7-9.
2. No righteous woman found in that time frame.
a.That obeyed Elohim word.
REMEMBER 1TIM.1;4, 4;1-4, 2TIM. 3;7, HEB.5;12, ROM.10;1-4.
- NegOs A-Sir (1/15/2013 12:59:22 PM)
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