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Galatians 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they compel you to be circumcised; only that they may not be persecuted for the cross of Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Those who desire to make a good showing in the flesh try to compel you to be circumcised, simply so that they will not be persecuted for the cross of Christ.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As many as desire to have a fair appearance in [the] flesh, these compel you to be circumcised, only that they may not be persecuted because of the cross of Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As many as are wishing to make a good show in flesh, the same, are compelling you to get circumcised,—only that, for the cross of Christ [Jesus], they may not be suffering persecution!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— as many as are willing to make a good appearance in the flesh, these constrain you to be circumcised—only that for the cross of the Christ they may not be persecuted,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For as many as desire to please in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised, only that they may not suffer the persecution of the cross of Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As many as desire to make a faire shew in the flesh, they constraine you to be Circumcised: onely least they should suffer persecution for the Crosse of Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— They who would glory in the flesh would constrain you to be circumcised; only lest for the cross of the Meshiha they might be persecuted.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— They who are disposed to glory in the flesh, they urge you to become circumcised, only that they may not be persecuted on account of the cross of the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As many as 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
desire 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to make a fair shew 2146
{2146} Prime
εὐπροσωπέω
euprosopeo
{yoo-pros-o-peh'-o}
From a compound of G2095 and G4383; to be of good countenance, that is, (figuratively) to make a display.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the flesh, 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
they 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
constrain y315
[0315] Standard
ἀναγκάζω
anagkazo
{an-ang-kad'-zo}
From G0318; to necessitate.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
x314
(0314) Complement
ἀναγινώσκω
anaginosko
{an-ag-in-oce'-ko}
From G0303 and G1097; to know again, that is, (by extension) to read.
you 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
to be circumcised; 4059
{4059} Prime
περιτέμνω
peritemno
{per-ee-tem'-no}
From G4012 and the base of G5114; to cut around, that is, (specifically) to circumcise.
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
only 3440
{3440} Prime
μόνον
monon
{mon'-on}
Neuter of G3441 as adverb; merely.
lest 3363
{3363} Prime
ἵνα με
hina me
{hin'-ah may}
That is, G2443 and G3361; in order (or so) that not.
they should suffer persecution 1377
{1377} Prime
διώκω
dioko
{dee-o'-ko}
A prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb δίω [[dio]] (to flee; compare the base of G1169 and G1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication to persecute.
z5747
<5747> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 18
for the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
cross 4716
{4716} Prime
σταυρός
stauros
{stow-ros'}
From the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), that is, (specifically) a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively exposure to death, that is, self denial; by implication the atonement of Christ.
of Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 6:12

_ _ Contrast between his zeal in their behalf, implied in Galatians 6:11, and the zeal for self on the part of the Judaizers.

_ _ make a fair show — (2 Corinthians 5:12).

_ _ in the flesh — in outward things.

_ _ they — it is “these” who

_ _ constrain you — by example (Galatians 6:13) and importuning.

_ _ only lest — “only that they may not,” etc. (compare Galatians 5:11).

_ _ suffer persecution — They escaped in a great degree the Jews’ bitterness against Christianity and the offense of the cross of Christ, by making the Mosaic law a necessary preliminary; in fact, making Christian converts into Jewish proselytes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 6:11-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 6:12

As many as desire to make a fair appearance in the flesh — To preserve a fair character. These constrain you — Both by their example and importunity. To be circumcised — Not so much from a principle of conscience, as lest they should suffer persecution — From the unbelieving Jews. For the cross of Christ — For maintaining that faith in a crucified Saviour is alone sufficient for justification.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 6:12

As many as desire to make a (h) fair shew in (i) the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the (k) cross of Christ.

(h) He sets a fair show against the truth.

(i) In the keeping of ceremonies.

(k) For the preaching of him that was crucified.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as desire:

Galatians 6:13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.
Matthew 6:2 Therefore when thou doest [thine] alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
Matthew 6:5 And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites [are]: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
Matthew 6:16 Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
Matthew 23:5 But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
Matthew 23:28 Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
Luke 20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
John 7:18 He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.
2 Corinthians 10:12 For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise.
2 Corinthians 11:13 For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ.
Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:
Philippians 2:4 Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.
Colossians 2:23 Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.

they constrain:

Galatians 2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:
Galatians 2:14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
Acts 15:1 And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, [and said], Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.
Acts 15:5 But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command [them] to keep the law of Moses.

lest:

Galatians 5:11 And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.
Philippians 3:18 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 6:2, 5, 16; 23:5, 28. Lk 16:15; 20:47. Jn 7:18. Ac 15:1, 5. 2Co 10:12; 11:13. Ga 2:3, 14; 5:11; 6:13. Php 1:15; 2:4; 3:18. Col 2:23.

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