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Galatians 5:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision; but faith working through love.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything, but faith working through love.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision has any force, nor uncircumcision; but faith working through love.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, in Christ [Jesus], neither, circumcision, availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but faith, through love, energising.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but faith through love working.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing nor uncircumcision: but faith that worketh by Charity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For in Iesus Christ, neither circumcision auaileth any thing, nor vncircumcision, but faith which worketh by loue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For, in the Meshiha Jeshu, circumcision is not any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which is made perfect by love.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For, in the Messiah Jesus, circumcision is nothing, neither is uncircumcision, but the faith that is perfected by love.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
neither 3777
{3777} Prime
From G3756 and G5037; not too, that is, neither or nor; by analogy not even.
circumcision 4061
{4061} Prime
From G4059; circumcision (the rite, the condition or the people, literally or figuratively).
availeth 2480
{2480} Prime
From G2479; to have (or exercise) force (literally or figuratively).
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
any thing, 5100
{5100} Prime
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
nor 3777
{3777} Prime
From G3756 and G5037; not too, that is, neither or nor; by analogy not even.
uncircumcision; 203
{0203} Prime
From G0206 and probably a modified form of πόσθη [[posthe]] (the penis or male sexual organ); the prepuce; by implication an uncircumcised (that is, gentile, figuratively unregenerate) state or person.
but 235
{0235} Prime
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
which worketh 1754
{1754} Prime
From G1756; to be active, efficient.
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
by 1223
{1223} Prime
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
love. 26
{0026} Prime
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 5:6

_ _ For — confirming the truth that it is “by faith” (Galatians 5:5).

_ _ in Jesus ChristGreek, “in Christ Jesus.” In union with Christ (the ANOINTED Savior), that is, Jesus of Nazareth.

_ _ nor uncircumcision — This is leveled against those who, being not legalists, or Judaizers, think themselves Christians on this ground alone.

_ _ faith which worketh by loveGreek, “working by love.” This corresponds to “a new creature” (Galatians 6:15), as its definition. Thus in Galatians 5:5, Galatians 5:6, we have the three, “faith,” “hope,” and “love.” The Greek expresses, “Which effectually worketh”; which exhibits its energy by love (so 1 Thessalonians 2:13). Love is not joined with faith in justifying, but is the principle of the works which follow after justification by faith. Let not legalists, upholding circumcision, think that the essence of the law is set at naught by the doctrine of justification by faith only. Nay, “all the law is fulfilled in one word — love,” which is the principle on which “faith worketh” (Galatians 5:14). Let them, therefore, seek this “faith,” which will enable them truly to fulfil the law. Again, let not those who pride themselves on uncircumcision think that, because the law does not justify, they are free to walk after “the flesh” (Galatians 5:13). Let them, then, seek that “love” which is inseparable from true faith (James 2:8, James 2:12-22). Love is utterly opposed to the enmities which prevailed among the Galatians (Galatians 5:15, Galatians 5:20). The Spirit (Galatians 5:5) is a Spirit of “faith” and “love” (compare Romans 14:17; 1 Corinthians 7:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 5:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 5:6

For in Christ Jesus — According to the institution which he hath established, according to the tenor of the Christian covenant. Neither circumcision — With the most punctual observance of the law. Nor uncircumcision — With the most exact heathen morality. Availeth anything — Toward present justification or eternal salvation. But faith — Alone; even that faith which worketh by love — All inward and outward holiness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 5:6

(3) For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor (4) uncircumcision; (5) but (e) faith which worketh by love.

(3) He adds a reason, for now circumcision is abolished, seeing that Christ is exhibited to us with complete spiritual circumcision. (4) He makes mention also of uncircumcision, lest the Gentiles should please themselves in it, as the Jews do in circumcision. (5) The taking away of an objection: if all that worship of the Law is taken away, in what than shall we exercise ourselves? In charity, Paul says: for faith of which we speak cannot be idle; no, it brings forth daily fruits of charity.

(e) So is true faith distinguished from counterfeit faith: for charity is not joined with faith as a fellow cause, to help forward our justification with faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Galatians 5:2-3 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. ... For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.
Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
Galatians 6:15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.
Romans 2:25-29 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision. ... But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart, in the spirit, [and] not in the letter; whose praise [is] not of men, but of God.
Romans 3:29-31 [Is he] the God of the Jews only? [is he] not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: ... Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
1 Corinthians 7:19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God.
Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond [nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.


Matthew 25:31-40 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: ... And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
2 Corinthians 5:14 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:
1 Thessalonians 1:3 Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;
Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.
Hebrews 11:17-19 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son], ... Accounting that God [was] able to raise [him] up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
James 2:14-26 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? ... For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.
1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
1 John 3:14-20 We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not [his] brother abideth in death. ... For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.
1 John 4:18-21 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love. ... And this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 25:31. Ro 2:25; 3:29. 1Co 7:19. 2Co 5:14. Ga 3:28; 5:2; 6:15. Col 3:11. 1Th 1:3. He 11:8, 17. Jm 2:14. 1P 1:8. 1Jn 3:14; 4:18.

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