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Galatians 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For we through the Spirit by faith wait for the hope of righteousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For we through the Spirit, by faith, are waiting for the hope of righteousness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For we, by [the] Spirit, on the principle of faith, await the hope of righteousness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, we, in Spirit, by faith, for a hope of righteousness, are ardently waiting,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for we by the Spirit, by faith, a hope of righteousness do wait for,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For we in spirit, by faith, wait for the hope of justice.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For we through the spirit waite for the hope of righteousnesse by faith.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But we through the Spirit, who is from faith, expect the hope of righteousness.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For we, through the Spirit, which is from faith, are waiting for the hope of righteousness.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
we 2249
{2249} Prime
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
through the Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
wait for 553
{0553} Prime
From G0575 and G1551; to expect fully.
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
the hope 1680
{1680} Prime
From ἔλπω [[elpo]] which is a primary word (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstract or concrete) or confidence.
of righteousness 1343
{1343} Prime
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
by 1537
{1537} Prime
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
faith. 4102
{4102} Prime
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 5:5

_ _ For — proof of the assertion, “fallen from grace,” by contrasting with the case of legalists, the “hope” of Christians.

_ _ through the SpiritGreek, rather, “by the Spirit”: in opposition to by the flesh (Galatians 4:29), or fleshly ways of justification, as circumcision and legal ordinances. “We” is emphatical, and contrasted with “whosoever of you would be justified by the law” (Galatians 5:4).

_ _ the hope of righteousness — “We wait for the (realization of the) hope (which is the fruit) of the righteousness (that is, justification which comes) by (literally, ‘from — out of’) faith,” Romans 5:1, Romans 5:4, Romans 5:5; Romans 8:24, Romans 8:25, “Hope ... we with patience wait for it.” This is a farther step than being “justified”; not only are we this, but “wait for the hope” which is connected with it, and is its full consummation. “Righteousness,” in the sense of justification, is by the believer once for all already attained: but the consummation of it in future perfection above is the object of hope to be waited for: “the crown of righteousness laid up” (2 Timothy 4:8): “the hope laid up for you in heaven” (Colossians 1:5; 1 Peter 1:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 5:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 5:5

For we — Who believe in Christ, Who are under the gospel dispensation. Through the Spirit — Without any of those carnal ordinances. Wait for — in sure confidence of attaining. The hope of righteousness — The righteousness we hope for, and full reward of it. This righteousness we receive of God through faith; and by faith we shall obtain the reward.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 5:5

(2) For we through the (d) Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.

(2) He privately compares the new people with the old: for it is certain that they also did ground all their hope of justification and life in faith, and not in circumcision, but in such a way that their faith was wrapped in the external and ceremonial worship. But our faith is without such ceremony, and content with spiritual worship.

(d) Through the Spirit who brings about faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

John 16:8-15 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: ... All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you.
Ephesians 2:18 For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.


Genesis 49:18 I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD.
Psalms 25:3 Yea, let none that wait on thee be ashamed: let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.
Psalms 25:5 Lead me in thy truth, and teach me: for thou [art] the God of my salvation; on thee do I wait all the day.
Psalms 62:5 My soul, wait thou only upon God; for my expectation [is] from him.
Psalms 130:5 I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope.
Lamentations 3:25-26 The LORD [is] good unto them that wait for him, to the soul [that] seeketh him. ... [It is] good that [a man] should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the LORD.
Hosea 12:6 Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment, and wait on thy God continually.
Romans 8:24-25 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? ... But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with patience wait for [it].
1 Thessalonians 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.
2 Thessalonians 3:5 And the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and into the patient waiting for Christ.

the hope:

Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:18. Ps 25:3, 5; 62:5; 130:5. Lm 3:25. Ho 12:6. Jn 16:8. Ro 5:21; 8:24. Ep 2:18. Php 3:9. 1Th 1:10. 2Th 3:5. 2Ti 4:8. Tit 2:13.

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