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Galatians 5:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye are severed from Christ, ye who would be justified by the law; ye are fallen away from grace.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Christ is become of no effect to you, whoever of you are justified by the law; ye have fallen from grace.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye are deprived of all profit from the Christ as separated [from him], as many as are justified by law; ye have fallen from grace.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye have been set aside from Christ, ye who, by law, are to be declared righteous,—out of his favour, ye have fallen;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— ye were freed from the Christ, ye who in law are declared righteous; from the grace ye fell away;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You are made void of Christ, you who are justified in the law: you are fallen from grace.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Christ is become of no effect vnto you, whosoeuer of you are iustified by the Law: ye are fallen from grace.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— You have ceased from the Meshiha who are justified by the law, and from grace you have fallen.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Ye have renounced the Messiah, ye who seek justification by the law: and ye have apostatized from grace.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
is become of no effect x2673
(2673) Complement
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
unto you, y575
[0575] Standard
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
[2673] Standard
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
whosoever x3748
(3748) Complement
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
of you y3748
[3748] Standard
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
are justified 1344
{1344} Prime
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
by 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the law; 3551
{3551} Prime
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
ye are fallen x1601
(1601) Complement
From G1537 and G4098; to drop away; specifically be driven out of one's course; figuratively to lose, become inefficient.
from y1601
[1601] Standard
From G1537 and G4098; to drop away; specifically be driven out of one's course; figuratively to lose, become inefficient.
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
grace. 5485
{5485} Prime
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 5:4

_ _ Literally, “Ye have become void from Christ,” that is, your connection with Christ has become void (Galatians 5:2). Romans 7:2, “Loosed from the law,” where the same Greek occurs as here.

_ _ whosoever of you are justified — “are being justified,” that is, are endeavoring to be justified.

_ _ by the lawGreek, “IN the law,” as the element in which justification is to take place.

_ _ fallen from grace — Ye no longer “stand” in grace (Romans 5:2). Grace and legal righteousness cannot co-exist (Romans 4:4, Romans 4:5; Romans 11:6). Christ, by circumcision (Luke 2:21), undertook to obey all the law, and fulfil all righteousness for us: any, therefore, that now seeks to fulfil the law for himself in any degree for justifying righteousness, severs himself from the grace which flows from Christ’s fulfillment of it, and becomes “a debtor to do the whole law” (Galatians 5:3). The decree of the Jerusalem council had said nothing so strong as this; it had merely decided that Gentile Christians were not bound to legal observances. But the Galatians, while not pretending to be so bound, imagined there was an efficacy in them to merit a higher degree of perfection (Galatians 3:3). This accounts for Paul not referring to the decree at all. He took much higher ground. See Paley’s Horae Paulinae. The natural mind loves outward fetters, and is apt to forge them for itself, to stand in lieu of holiness of heart.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 5:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 5:4

Therefore Christ is become of no effect to you — Who seek to be justified by the law. Ye are fallen from grace — Ye renounce the new covenant. Ye disclaim the benefit of this gracious dispensation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 5:4

Christ is (b) become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are (c) justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

(b) That is, as he himself expounds it afterward, "ye are fallen from grace."

(c) That is, seek to be justified by the Law, for indeed no man is justified by the Law.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Galatians 5:2 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.
Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
Romans 9:31-32 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. ... Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Romans 10:3-5 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. ... For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.


Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 4:4-5 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. ... But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.


Galatians 1:6-9 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: ... As we said before, so say I now again, If any [man] preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.
Romans 11:6 And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
Hebrews 6:4-6 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, ... If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.
Hebrews 10:38-39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. ... But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
Hebrews 12:15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;
2 Peter 2:20-22 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
2 Peter 3:17-18 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know [these things] before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness. ... But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
Revelation 2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ro 3:20; 4:4; 9:31; 10:3; 11:6. Ga 1:6; 2:21; 5:2. He 6:4; 10:38; 12:15. 2P 2:20; 3:17. Rv 2:5.

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