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Galatians 5:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousies, wraths, factions, divisions, parties,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— idolatry, sorcery, hatred, strifes, jealousies, angers, contentions, disputes, schools of opinion,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— idolatry, enchantment, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of wrath, factions, divisions, parties,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, strifes, emulations, wraths, rivalries, dissensions, sects,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Idolatry, witchcrafts, enmities, contentions, emulations, wraths, quarrels, dissensions, sects,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Idolatrie, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— the worship of idols, sorcery, enmity, contention, ambition, wrath, calumny, divisions, rendings,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— idol-worship, magic, malice, contention, rivalry, wrath, strife, divisions, discords,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Idolatry, 1495
{1495} Prime
From G1497 and G2999; image worship (literally or figuratively).
witchcraft, 5331
{5331} Prime
From G5332; medication ('pharmacy'), that is, (by extension) magic (literal or figurative).
hatred, 2189
{2189} Prime
Feminine of G2190; hostility; by implication a reason for opposition.
variance, 2054
{2054} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a quarrel, that is, (by implication) wrangling.
emulations, 2205
{2205} Prime
From G2204; properly heat, that is, (figuratively) 'zeal' (in a favorable sense, ardor; in an unfavorable one, jealousy, as of a husband [figuratively of God], or an enemy, malice).
wrath, 2372
{2372} Prime
From G2380; passion (as if breathing hard).
strife, 2052
{2052} Prime
Perhaps from the same as G2042; properly intrigue, that is, (by implication) faction.
seditions, 1370
{1370} Prime
From a derivative of G1364 and G4714; disunion, that is, (figuratively) dissension.
heresies, 139
{0139} Prime
From G0138; properly a choice, that is, (specifically) a party or (abstractly) disunion. ('heresy' is the Greek word itself.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 5:19-23.

Galatians 5:20

_ _ witchcraft — sorcery; prevalent in Asia (Acts 19:19; compare Revelation 21:1-27).

_ _ hatredGreek, “hatreds.”

_ _ varianceGreek, “strife”; singular in the oldest manuscripts.

_ _ emulations — in the oldest manuscripts, singular — “emulation,” or rather, “jealousy”; for the sake of one’s own advantage. “Envyings” (Galatians 5:21) are even without advantage to the person himself [Bengel].

_ _ wrathGreek, plural, “passionate outbreaks” [Alford].

_ _ strife — rather as Greek, “factions,” “cabals”; derived from a Greek root, meaning “a worker for hire”: hence, unworthy means for compassing ends, factious practices.

_ _ seditions — “dissensions,” as to secular matters.

_ _ heresies — as to sacred things (see on 1 Corinthians 11:19). Self-constituted parties; from a Greek root, to choose. A schism is a more recent split in a congregation from a difference of opinion. Heresy is a schism become inveterate [Augustine, Con. Crescon. Don., 2, 7].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 5:13-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 5:20

Idolatry, witchcraft — That this means witchcraft, strictly speaking, (not poisoning,) appears from its being joined with the worship of devil — gods, and not with murder. This is frequently and solemnly forbidden in the Old Testament. To deny therefore that there is, or ever was, any such thing, is, by plain consequence, to deny the authority both of the Old and New Testament. Divisions — In domestic or civil matters. Heresies are divisions in religious communities.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Ezekiel 22:18 Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they [are] brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are [even] the dross of silver.
Deuteronomy 18:10 There shall not be found among you [any one] that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, [or] that useth divination, [or] an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch,
1 Samuel 15:23 For rebellion [is as] the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness [is as] iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from [being] king.
1 Chronicles 10:13-14 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, [even] against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking [counsel] of [one that had] a familiar spirit, to enquire [of it]; ... And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.
2 Chronicles 33:6 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
Acts 8:9-11 But there was a certain man, called Simon, which beforetime in the same city used sorcery, and bewitched the people of Samaria, giving out that himself was some great one: ... And to him they had regard, because that of long time he had bewitched them with sorceries.
Acts 16:16-19 And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain damsel possessed with a spirit of divination met us, which brought her masters much gain by soothsaying: ... And when her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone, they caught Paul and Silas, and drew [them] into the marketplace unto the rulers,


2 Corinthians 11:19 For ye suffer fools gladly, seeing ye [yourselves] are wise.
Titus 3:10 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;
2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 18:10. 1S 15:23. 1Ch 10:13. 2Ch 33:6. Ezk 22:18. Ac 8:9; 16:16. 2Co 11:19. Tit 3:10. 2P 2:1.

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