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Galatians 5:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I would that they that unsettle you would even go beyond circumcision.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I would they were even cut off which trouble you.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I wish that those who are troubling you would even mutilate themselves.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I would they were even cut off who trouble you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I would that they would even cut themselves off who throw you into confusion.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Oh! that they would even leave off in dismay, who are unsettling you!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— O that even they would cut themselves off who are unsettling you!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I would they were even cut off, who trouble you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I would they were euen cut off which trouble you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I would that they who disturb you were even cut off.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But I would, that they who disquiet you, were actually cut off.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I would 3785
{3785} Prime
ὄφελον
ophelon
{of'-el-on}
First person singular of a past tense of G3784; I ought (wish), that is, (interjectionally) oh that!.
they were y609
[0609] Standard
ἀποκόπτω
apokopto
{ap-ok-op'-to}
From G0575 and G2875; to amputate; reflexively (by irony) to mutilate (the privy parts).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
cut off 609
{0609} Prime
ἀποκόπτω
apokopto
{ap-ok-op'-to}
From G0575 and G2875; to amputate; reflexively (by irony) to mutilate (the privy parts).
z5698
<5698> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 33
which trouble 387
{0387} Prime
ἀναστατόω
anastatoo
{an-as-tat-o'-o}
From a derivative of G0450 (in the sense of removal); properly to drive out of home, that is, (by implication) to disturb (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
you. 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 5:12

_ _ they ... which trouble you — Translate, as the Greek is different from Galatians 5:10, “they who are unsettling you.”

_ _ were even cut off — even as they desire your foreskin to be cut off and cast away by circumcision, so would that they were even cut off from your communion, being worthless as a castaway foreskin (Galatians 1:7, Galatians 1:8; compare Philippians 3:2). The fathers, Jerome, Ambrose, Augustine, and Chrysostom, explain it, “Would that they would even cut themselves off,” that is, cut off not merely the foreskin, but the whole member: if circumcision be not enough for them, then let them have excision also; an outburst hardly suitable to the gravity of an apostle. But Galatians 5:9, Galatians 5:10 plainly point to excommunication as the judgment threatened against the troublers: and danger of the bad “leaven” spreading, as the reason for it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 5:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 5:12

I would they were even cut off — From your communion; cast out of your church, that thus trouble you.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 5:12

(11) I would they were even cut off which (g) trouble you.

(11) An example of a true pastor inflamed with the zeal of God's glory, and love for his flock.

(g) For those that preach the Law cause men's consciences to always tremble.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cut:

Galatians 5:10 I have confidence in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubleth you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be.
Galatians 1:8-9 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. ... As we said before, so say I now again, If any [man] preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.
Genesis 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.
Exodus 12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
Exodus 30:33 Whosoever compoundeth [any] like it, or whosoever putteth [any] of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
Leviticus 22:3 Say unto them, Whosoever [he be] of all your seed among your generations, that goeth unto the holy things, which the children of Israel hallow unto the LORD, having his uncleanness upon him, that soul shall be cut off from my presence: I [am] the LORD.
Joshua 7:12 Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, [but] turned [their] backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: neither will I be with you any more, except ye destroy the accursed from among you.
Joshua 7:25 And Joshua said, Why hast thou troubled us? the LORD shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones.
John 9:34 They answered and said unto him, Thou wast altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach us? And they cast him out.
Acts 5:5 And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things.
Acts 5:9 Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet of them which have buried thy husband [are] at the door, and shall carry thee out.
1 Corinthians 5:13 But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.
Titus 3:10 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;

trouble:

Acts 15:1-2 And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, [and said], Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved. ... When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.
Acts 15:24 Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, [Ye must] be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no [such] commandment:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 17:14. Ex 12:15; 30:33. Lv 22:3. Jsh 7:12, 25. Jn 9:34. Ac 5:5, 9; 15:1, 24. 1Co 5:13. Ga 1:8; 5:10. Tit 3:10.

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