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Galatians 3:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all the nations be blessed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, [saying], “ALL THE NATIONS WILL BE BLESSED IN YOU.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel to Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the nations on the principle of faith, announced beforehand the glad tidings to Abraham: In thee all the nations shall be blessed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the scripture, foreseeing, that, by faith, God would declare the nations righteous, fore-announced the good news unto Abraham, saying, All the nations shall be blessed in thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the Writing having foreseen that by faith God doth declare righteous the nations did proclaim before the good news to Abraham—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the scripture, foreseeing that God justifieth the Gentiles by faith, told unto Abraham before: In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Scripture foreseeing that God would iustifie the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel vnto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For Aloha who knew before that he would justify the Gentiles through faith, evangelized before unto Abraham; as saith the holy scripture: In thee all the nations shall be blessed:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For, because God knew beforehand that the Gentiles would be made just by faith, he preannounced it to Abraham; as saith the holy scripture, In thee shall all nations be blessed.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
scripture, 1124
{1124} Prime
γραφή
graphe
{graf-ay'}
From G1125; a document, that is, holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it).
foreseeing 4275
{4275} Prime
προΐδω
proeido
{pro-i'-do}
From G4253 and G1492; foresee.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
would justify 1344
{1344} Prime
δικαιόω
dikaioo
{dik-ah-yo'-o}
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heathen 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
through 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
preached before the gospel 4283
{4283} Prime
προευαγγελίζομαι
proeuaggelizomai
{pro-yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G4253 and G2097; to announce glad news in advance.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
unto Abraham, 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
[saying], y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
In 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
thee 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
shall y1757
[1757] Standard
ἐνευλογέω
eneulogeo
{en-yoo-log-eh'-o}
From G1722 and G2127; to confer a benefit on.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
nations 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
be blessed. 1757
{1757} Prime
ἐνευλογέω
eneulogeo
{en-yoo-log-eh'-o}
From G1722 and G2127; to confer a benefit on.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 3:8

_ _ AndGreek, “Moreover.”

_ _ foreseeing — One great excellency of Scripture is, that in it all points liable ever to be controverted, are, with prescient wisdom, decided in the most appropriate language.

_ _ would justify — rather, “justifieth.” Present indicative. It is now, and at all times, God’s one way of justification.

_ _ the heathen — rather, “the Gentiles”; or “the nations,” as the same Greek is translated at the end of the verse. God justifieth the Jews, too, “by faith, not by works.” But he specifies the Gentiles in particular here, as it was their case that was in question, the Galatians being Gentiles.

_ _ preached before the gospel — “announced beforehand the Gospel.” For the “promise” was substantially the Gospel by anticipation. Compare John 8:56; Hebrews 4:2. A proof that “the old fathers did not look only for transitory promises” [Article VII, Church of England]. Thus the Gospel, in its essential germ, is older than the law though the full development of the former is subsequent to the latter.

_ _ In thee — not “in thy seed,” which is a point not here raised; but strictly “in thee,” as followers of thy faith, it having first shown the way to justification before God [Alford]; or “in thee,” as Father of the promised seed, namely, Christ (Galatians 3:16), who is the Object of faith (Genesis 22:18; Psalms 72:17), and imitating thy faith (see on Galatians 3:9).

_ _ all nations — or as above, “all the Gentiles” (Genesis 12:3; Genesis 18:18; Genesis 22:18).

_ _ be blessed — an act of grace, not something earned by works. The blessing of justification was to Abraham by faith in the promise, not by works. So to those who follow Abraham, the father of the faithful, the blessing, that is, justification, comes purely by faith in Him who is the subject of the promise.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 3:6-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 3:8

And the scripture — That is, the Holy Spirit, who gave the scripture. Foreseeing that God would justify the gentiles also by faith, declared before — So great is the excellency and fulness of the scripture, that all the things which can ever be controverted are therein both foreseen and determined. In or through thee — As the father of the Messiah, shall all the nations be blessed. Genesis 12:3

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 3:8

(7) And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], (8) In thee shall all nations be (f) blessed.

(7) The third, that all the people that believe are without exception included in the promise of the blessing. (8) A proof of the first and second grounds, from the words of Moses.

(f) Blessing in this place signifies the free promise by faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the scripture:

Galatians 3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
Galatians 4:30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.
John 7:38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.
John 7:42 Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?
John 19:37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Romans 9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. ... That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

foreseeing:

Acts 15:15-18 And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, ... Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.

God:

Romans 3:28-30 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. ... Seeing [it is] one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Romans 9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.

preached:

Hebrews 4:2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].

In:

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
Genesis 12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.
Genesis 18:18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?
Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
Genesis 26:4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;
Genesis 28:14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Psalms 72:7 In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
Isaiah 6:13 But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance thereof.
Isaiah 65:9 And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains: and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.
Acts 2:25-26 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: ... Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:
Acts 2:35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 12:3; 18:18; 22:18; 26:4; 28:14; 49:10. Ps 72:7. Is 6:13; 65:9. Jn 7:38, 42; 19:37. Ac 2:25, 35; 15:15. Ro 3:28; 9:17, 30. Ga 3:16, 22; 4:30. 2Ti 3:15. He 4:2. Rv 11:15.

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