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Galatians 3:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He therefore that supplieth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So then, does He who provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you, do it by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he this] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He therefore who ministers to you the Spirit, and works miracles among you, [is it] on the principle of works of law, or of [the] report of faith?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He then who was supplying unto you the Spirit, and energising mighty works among you, by works of law, or by a believed report [did he it]?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He, therefore, who is supplying to you the Spirit, and working mighty acts among you—by works of law or by the hearing of faith [is it]?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He therefore who giveth to you the Spirit and worketh miracles among you: doth he do it by the works of the law or by the hearing of the faith?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He therfore that ministreth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the workes of the Law, or by the hearing of faith?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Then, he who imparted to you the Spirit, and wrought miracles among you, (did he so) through the works of the law, or through the hearing of faith?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He therefore who giveth the Spirit in you, and who worketh miracles among you, [doth he these things] by the deeds of the law? or by the hearing of faith?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He therefore y3767
[3767] Standard
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
that ministereth 2023
{2023} Prime
ἐπιχορηγέω
epichoregeo
{ep-ee-khor-ayg-eh'-o}
From G1909 and G5524; to furnish besides, that is, fully supply, (figuratively) aid or contribute.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
x3767
(3767) Complement
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
to you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
worketh 1754
{1754} Prime
ἐνεργέω
energeo
{en-erg-eh'-o}
From G1756; to be active, efficient.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
miracles 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
[doeth he it] by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
of the law, 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the hearing 189
{0189} Prime
ἀκοή
akoe
{ak-o-ay'}
From G0191; hearing (the act, the sense or the thing heard).
of faith? 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 3:5

_ _ He ... that ministereth — or “supplieth,” God (2 Corinthians 9:10). He who supplied and supplies to you the Spirit still, to the present time. These miracles do not prove grace to be in the heart (Mark 9:38, Mark 9:39). He speaks of these miracles as a matter of unquestioned notoriety among those addressed; an undesigned proof of their genuineness (compare 1 Corinthians 12:1-31).

_ _ worketh miracles among you — rather, “IN you,” as Galatians 2:8; Matthew 14:2; Ephesians 2:2; Philippians 2:13; at your conversion and since [Alford].

_ _ doeth he it by the works of the law — that is, as a consequence resulting from (so the Greek) the works of the law (compare Galatians 3:2). This cannot be because the law was then unknown to you when you received those gifts of the Spirit.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 3:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 3:5

And, at the present time, Doth he that ministereth the gift of the Spirit to you, and worketh miracles among you, do it by the works of the law — That is, in confirmation of his preaching justification by works, or of his preaching justification by faith?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 3:5

(4) He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

(4) He repeats the third argument which was taken of the effects, because he had included certain other arguments along the way.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

Galatians 3:2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
2 Corinthians 3:8 How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?

worketh:

Acts 14:3 Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands.
Acts 14:9-10 The same heard Paul speak: who stedfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed, ... Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on thy feet. And he leaped and walked.
Acts 19:11-12 And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul: ... So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them.
Romans 15:19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
1 Corinthians 1:4-5 I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ; ... That in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and [in] all knowledge;
2 Corinthians 10:4 (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
2 Corinthians 12:12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all patience, in signs, and wonders, and mighty deeds.
2 Corinthians 13:3 Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me, which to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in you.

by the works:

Galatians 3:2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 14:3, 9; 19:11. Ro 15:19. 1Co 1:4. 2Co 3:8; 10:4; 12:12; 13:3. Ga 3:2.

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