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Galatians 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Did ye suffer so many things in vain? if it be indeed in vain.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if [it be] yet in vain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Did you suffer so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if [it is] yet in vain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Have ye suffered so many things in vain, if indeed also in vain?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Such things, suffered ye, in vain,—if at least [it is] even in vain?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so many things did ye suffer in vain! if, indeed, even in vain.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Have you suffered so great things in vain? If it be yet in vain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haue ye suffered so many things in vaine? If it be yet in vaine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And all these have you borne in vain? But would it be in vain?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And have ye borne all these things in vain? And I would, it were in vain!

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Have ye suffered 3958
{3958} Prime
πάσχω
pascho
{pas'-kho}
Apparently a primary verb (the third form used only in certain tenses for it); to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
so many things 5118
{5118} Prime
τοσοῦτος
tosoutos
{tos-oo'-tos}
From τόσος [[tosos]] (so much; apparently from G3588 and G3739) and G3778 (including its variations); so vast as this, that is, such (in quantity, amount, number or space).
in vain? 1500
{1500} Prime
εἰκῇ
eike
{i-kay'}
Probably from G1502 (through the idea of failure); idly, that is, without reason (or effect).
if x1489
(1489) Complement
εἴγε
eige
{i'-gheh}
From G1487 and G1065; if indeed, seeing that, unless, (with negative) otherwise.
[it be] yet 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
y1489
[1489] Standard
εἴγε
eige
{i'-gheh}
From G1487 and G1065; if indeed, seeing that, unless, (with negative) otherwise.
in vain. 1500
{1500} Prime
εἰκῇ
eike
{i-kay'}
Probably from G1502 (through the idea of failure); idly, that is, without reason (or effect).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 3:4

_ _ Have ye suffered so many things — namely, persecution from Jews and from unbelieving fellow countrymen, incited by the Jews, at the time of your conversion.

_ _ in vainfruitlessly, needlessly, since ye might have avoided them by professing Judaism [Grotius]. Or, shall ye, by falling from grace, lose the reward promised for all your sufferings, so that they shall be “in vain” (Galatians 4:11; 1 Corinthians 15:2, 1 Corinthians 15:17-19, 1 Corinthians 15:29-32; 2 Thessalonians 1:5-7; 2 John 1:8)?

_ _ yet — rather, “If it be really (or ‘indeed’) in vain” [Ellicott]. “If, as it must be, what I have said, ‘in vain,’ is really the fact” [Alford]. I prefer understanding it as a mitigation of the preceding words. I hope better things of you, for I trust you will return from legalism to grace; if so, as I confidently expect, you will not have “suffered so many things in vain” [Estius]. For “God has given you the Spirit and has wrought mighty works among you” (Galatians 3:5; Hebrews 10:32-36) [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 3:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 3:4

Have ye suffered — Both from the zealous Jews and from the heathens. So many things — For adhering to the gospel. In vain — So as to lose all the blessings which ye might have obtained, by enduring to the end. If it be yet in vain — As if he had said, I hope better things, even that ye will endure to the end.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 3:4

(3) Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if [it be] yet in vain.

(3) An exhortation by manner of reproach, so that they do not in vain suffer so many conflicts.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye:

Ezekiel 18:24 But when the righteous turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, [and] doeth according to all the abominations that the wicked [man] doeth, shall he live? All his righteousness that he hath done shall not be mentioned: in his trespass that he hath trespassed, and in his sin that he hath sinned, in them shall he die.
Hebrews 6:4-6 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, ... If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.
Hebrews 10:32-39 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions; ... But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
2 Peter 2:20-22 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
2 John 1:8 Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.

so many:
or, so great
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Ezk 18:24. He 6:4; 10:32. 2P 2:20. 2Jn 1:8.

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