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Galatians 3:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But before faith came, we were kept in ward under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, being shut up to the faith which was later to be revealed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up to the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But before faith came, we were guarded under law, shut up to faith [which was] about to be revealed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Before the coming of the faith, however, under law, were we being kept in ward, being shut up unto the faith which should afterwards, be revealed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And before the coming of the faith, under law we were being kept, shut up to the faith about to be revealed,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But before the faith came, we were kept under the law shut up, unto that faith which was to be revealed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But before faith came, wee were kept vnder the Law, shut vp vnto the faith, which should afterwards bee reuealed.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But until (the dispensation of) faith came, the law kept us, as shut up unto the faith which was to be revealed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But before the faith came, the law kept us shut up unto the faith that was to be revealed.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
before y4253
[4253] Standard
πρό
pro
{pro}
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
came, 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
we were kept 5432
{5432} Prime
φρουρέω
phroureo
{froo-reh'-o}
From a compound of G4253 and G3708; to be a watcher in advance, that is, to mount guard as a sentinel (post spies at gates); figuratively to hem in, protect.
z5712
<5712> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 83
under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
the law, 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
shut up 4788
{4788} Prime
συγκλείω
sugkleio
{soong-kli'-o}
From G4862 and G2808; to shut together, that is, include or (figuratively) embrace in a common subjection to.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
which should afterwards 3195
{3195} Prime
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
be revealed. 601
{0601} Prime
ἀποκαλύπτω
apokalupto
{ap-ok-al-oop'-to}
From G0575 and G2572; to take off the cover, that is, disclose.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 3:23

_ _ faith — namely, that just mentioned (Galatians 3:22), of which Christ is the object.

_ _ keptGreek, “kept in ward”: the effect of the “shutting up” (Galatians 3:22; Galatians 4:2; Romans 7:6).

_ _ unto — “with a view to the faith,” etc. We were, in a manner, morally forced to it, so that there remained to us no refuge but faith. Compare the phrase, Psalms 78:50, Margin; Psalms 31:8.

_ _ which should afterwards, etc. — “which was afterwards to be revealed.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 3:19-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 3:23

But before faith — That is, the gospel dispensation. Came, we were kept — As in close custody. Under the law — The Mosaic dispensation. Shut up unto the faith which was to be revealed — Reserved and prepared for the gospel dispensation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 3:23

(26) But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto (x) the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

(26) Now there follows another handling of the second part of this epistle, the state of which was this: although the Law (that is, the whole government of God's house according to the Law) does not justify, is it therefore to be abolished, seeing that Abraham himself was circumcised, and his posterity held still the use of Moses' Law? Paul affirms that it ought to be abolished, because it was instituted for that end and purpose, that is should be as it were a schoolmaster, and keeper to the people of God, until the promise indeed appeared, that is to say, Christ, and the Gospel manifestly published with great efficacy by the Spirit.

(x) The reason why we were kept under the Law, is set down here.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
faith came:

Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Galatians 3:24-25 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster [to bring us] unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. ... But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
Galatians 4:1-4 Now I say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; ... But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

under:

Galatians 4:4-5 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, ... To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
Galatians 4:21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?
Galatians 5:18 But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.
Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
Romans 6:14-15 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. ... What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.
1 Corinthians 9:20-21 And unto the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, that I might gain them that are under the law; ... To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.

the faith:

Luke 10:23-24 And he turned him unto [his] disciples, and said privately, Blessed [are] the eyes which see the things that ye see: ... For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen [them]; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard [them].
Hebrews 11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of [them], and embraced [them], and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.
Hebrews 11:39-40 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise: ... God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.
1 Peter 1:11-12 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. ... Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lk 10:23. Ro 3:19; 6:14. 1Co 9:20. Ga 3:19, 24; 4:1, 4, 21; 5:18. He 11:13, 39; 12:2. 1P 1:11.

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Why did the apostles disobey Jesus, not baptizing in the name of the father, the son, and the holly ghost?? But rather in the name of Jesus??

- Vmvalt (12/5/2014 2:09:06 PM)
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