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Galatians 3:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the scriptures shut up all things under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the Scripture has shut up everyone under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but the scripture has shut up all things under sin, that the promise, on the principle of faith of Jesus Christ, should be given to those that believe.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But the Scripture, did shut up, all things, under sin, that, the promise by faith in Jesus Christ, might be given to them who have faith,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but the Writing did shut up the whole under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ may be given to those believing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise, by the faith of Jesus Christ, might be given to them that believe.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the Scripture hath concluded all vnder sinne, that the promise by faith of Iesus Christ might be giuen to them that beleeue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But the scripture hath included all under sin, that the promise through faith of Jeshu Meshiha might be given to them who believe.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But the scripture hath inclosed all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus the Messiah might be given to them that believe.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
scripture 1124
{1124} Prime
γραφή
graphe
{graf-ay'}
From G1125; a document, that is, holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it).
hath concluded 4788
{4788} Prime
συγκλείω
sugkleio
{soong-kli'-o}
From G4862 and G2808; to shut together, that is, include or (figuratively) embrace in a common subjection to.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
sin, 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
promise 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
of Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
might be given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
to them that believe. 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 3:22

_ _ But — as the law cannot give life or righteousness [Alford]. Or the “But” means, So far is righteousness from being of the law, that the knowledge of sin is rather what comes of the law [Bengel].

_ _ the scripture — which began to be written after the time of the promise, at the time when the law was given. The written letter was needed SO as PERMANENTLY to convict man of disobedience to God’s command. Therefore he says, “the Scripture,” not the “Law.” Compare Galatians 3:8, “Scripture,” for “the God of the Scripture.”

_ _ concluded — “shut up,” under condemnation, as in a prison. Compare Isaiah 24:22, “As prisoners gathered in the pit and shut up in the prison.” Beautifully contrasted with “the liberty wherewith Christ makes free,” which follows, Galatians 3:7, Galatians 3:9, Galatians 3:25, Galatians 3:26; Galatians 5:1; Isaiah 61:1.

_ _ allGreek neuter, “the universe of things”: the whole world, man, and all that appertains to him.

_ _ under sin — (Romans 3:9, Romans 3:19; Romans 11:32).

_ _ the promisethe inheritance promised (Galatians 3:18).

_ _ by faith of Jesus Christ — that is which is by faith in Jesus Christ.

_ _ might be given — The emphasis is on “given”: that it might be a free gift; not something earned by the works of the law (Romans 6:23).

_ _ to them that believe — to them that have “the faith of (in) Jesus Christ” just spoken of.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 3:19-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 3:22

But, on the contrary, the scripture wherein that law is written hath concluded all under sin — Hath shut them up together, (so the word properly signifies,) as in a prison, under sentence of death, to the end that all being cut off from expecting justification by the law, the promise might be freely given to them that believe.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 3:22

But the (s) scripture hath concluded (t) all under sin, that the (u) promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

(s) By this word "scripture" he means the Law.

(t) All mankind, and whatever comes from mankind.

(u) In every one of these words, there lies an argument against the merits of works: for all these words, promise, faith, Christ, might be given, to believers, are against meritorious works, and not one of them can be included as a meritorious work.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
concluded:

Galatians 3:8-10 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed. ... For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Galatians 3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
Psalms 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
Romans 3:9-20 What then? are we better [than they]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
Romans 11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

that:

Galatians 3:14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Galatians 3:17 And this I say, [that] the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
Galatians 3:29 And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
Romans 4:11-16 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: ... Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
Romans 5:20-21 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
2 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,
Hebrews 6:13-17 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, ... Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed [it] by an oath:
Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
2 Peter 3:13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.
1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he hath promised us, [even] eternal life.
1 John 5:11-13 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. ... These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.

to:

Mark 16:16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.
John 3:15-18 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. ... He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 11:25-26 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: ... And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
John 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
Acts 16:31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
Romans 10:9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
1 John 3:23-24 And this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment. ... And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.
1 John 5:13 These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.
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Ps 143:2. Mk 16:16. Jn 3:15, 36; 5:24; 6:40; 11:25; 12:46; 20:31. Ac 16:31. Ro 3:9, 23; 4:11; 5:12, 20; 10:9; 11:32. Ga 3:8, 14, 17, 23, 29. 2Ti 1:1. He 6:13; 9:15. 2P 1:4; 3:13. 1Jn 2:25; 3:23; 5:11, 13.

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