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Galatians 3:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— This only would I learn from you. Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— This only would I learn from you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— This only I wish to learn of you, Have ye received the Spirit on the principle of works of law, or of [the] report of faith?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— This only, am I wishing to learn from you:—by works of law, received ye, the Spirit? or by a believed report?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— this only do I wish to learn from you—by works of law the Spirit did ye receive, or by the hearing of faith?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— This only would I learn of you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law or by the hearing of faith?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— This onely would I learne of you, receiued ye the spirit, by the works of the Law, or by the hearing of faith?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— This only would I know from you: Through the works of the law received you the Spirit, or through the hearing of faith?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— This only would I learn from you, Was it by works of the law, that ye received the Spirit? or by the hearing of faith?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
This 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
only 3440
{3440} Prime
μόνον
monon
{mon'-on}
Neuter of G3441 as adverb; merely.
would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
I learn 3129
{3129} Prime
μανθάνω
manthano
{man-than'-o}
Prolonged from a primary verb, another form of which, μαθέω [[matheo]], is used as an alternate in certain tenses; to learn (in any way).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
you, 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
Received x2983
(2983) Complement
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
ye y2983
[2983] Standard
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
of the law, 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the hearing 189
{0189} Prime
ἀκοή
akoe
{ak-o-ay'}
From G0191; hearing (the act, the sense or the thing heard).
of faith? 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 3:2

_ _ “Was it by the works of the law that ye received the Spirit (manifested by outward miracles, Galatians 3:5; Mark 16:17; Hebrews 2:4; and by spiritual graces, Galatians 3:14; Galatians 4:5, Galatians 4:6; Ephesians 1:13), or by the hearing of faith?” The “only” implies, “I desire, omitting other arguments, to rest the question on this alone”; I who was your teacher, desire now to “learn” this one thing from you. The epithet “Holy” is not prefixed to “Spirit” because that epithet is a joyous one, whereas this Epistle is stern and reproving [Bengel].

_ _ hearing of faith — Faith consists not in working, but in receiving (Romans 10:16, Romans 10:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 3:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 3:2

This only would I learn of you — That is, this one argument might convince you. Did ye receive the witness and the fruit of the Spirit by performing the works of the law, or by hearing of and receiving faith?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 3:2

This only would I learn of you, Received ye the (b) Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of (c) faith?

(b) Those spiritual graces and gifts, which were a seal as it were to the Galatians that the Gospel which was preached to them was true.

(c) Of the doctrine of faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Received:

Galatians 3:5 He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Galatians 3:14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 8:15 Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost:
Acts 10:44-47 While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. ... Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?
Acts 11:15-18 And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning. ... When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
Acts 15:8 And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as [he did] unto us;
Acts 19:2-6 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost. ... And when Paul had laid [his] hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.
1 Corinthians 12:7-13 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. ... For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether [we be] Jews or Gentiles, whether [we be] bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
2 Corinthians 11:4 For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or [if] ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with [him].
Ephesians 1:13-14 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, ... Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Hebrews 2:4 God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?
Hebrews 6:4 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

by the hearing:

Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
Romans 10:16-17 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? ... So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 2:38; 8:15; 10:44; 11:15; 15:8; 19:2. Ro 1:17; 10:16. 1Co 12:7. 2Co 11:4. Ga 3:5, 14. Ep 1:13. He 2:4; 6:4. 1P 1:12.

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