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Galatians 2:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I through the law died unto the law, that I might live unto God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For through the Law I died to the Law, so that I might live to God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I through the law am dead to the law, that I may live to God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For *I*, through law, have died to law, that I may live to God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, I, through means of law, unto law, died, that, unto God, I might live:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for I through law, did die, that to God I may live;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I, through the law, am dead to the law, that I may live to God; with Christ I am nailed to the cross.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I through ye Law, am dead to the Law, that I might liue vnto God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For I by the law to the law am dead, that unto Aloha I may live: and with the Meshiha am I crucified, and from henceforth I live not, but in me liveth Meshiha;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For I, by the law, have become dead to the law, that I might live to God; and I am crucified with the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
am dead 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
to the law, 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
I might live 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
unto God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 2:19

_ _ Here Paul seems to pass from his exact words to Peter, to the general purport of his argument on the question. However, his direct address to the Galatians seems not to be resumed till Galatians 3:1, “O foolish Galatians,” etc.

_ _ For — But I am not a “transgressor” by forsaking the law. “For,” etc. Proving his indignant denial of the consequence that “Christ is the minister of sin” (Galatians 2:17), and of the premises from which it would follow. Christ, so far from being the minister of sin and death, is the establisher of righteousness and life. I am entirely in Him [Bengel].

_ _ I — here emphatical. Paul himself, not Peter, as in the “I” (Galatians 2:18).

_ _ through the law — which was my “schoolmaster to bring me to Christ” (Galatians 3:24); both by its terrors (Galatians 3:13; Romans 3:20) driving me to Christ, as the refuge from God’s wrath against sin, and, when spiritually understood, teaching that itself is not permanent, but must give place to Christ, whom it prefigures as its scope and end (Romans 10:4); and drawing me to Him by its promises (in the prophecies which form part of the Old Testament law) of a better righteousness, and of God’s law written in the heart (Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Jeremiah 31:33; Acts 10:43).

_ _ am dead to the law — literally, “I died to the law,” and so am dead to it, that is, am passed from under its power, in respect to non-justification or condemnation (Colossians 2:20; Romans 6:14; Romans 7:4, Romans 7:6); just as a woman, once married and bound to a husband, ceases to be so bound to him when death interposes, and may be lawfully married to another husband. So by believing union to Christ in His death, we, being considered dead with Him, are severed from the law’s past power over us (compare Galatians 6:14; 1 Corinthians 7:39; Romans 6:6-11; 1 Peter 2:24).

_ _ live unto God — (Romans 6:11; 2 Corinthians 5:15; 1 Peter 4:1, 1 Peter 4:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 2:11-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 2:19

For I through the law — Applied by the Spirit to my heart, and deeply convincing me of my utter sinfulness and helplessness. Am dead to the law — To all hope of justification from it. That I may live to God — Not continue in sin. For this very end am I, in this sense, freed from the law, that I may be freed from sin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 2:19

For I through the law am dead to the (t) law, that I might live unto God.

(t) The Law that terrifies the conscience brings us to Christ, and he alone causes us to indeed die to the Law, because by making us righteous, he takes away from us the terror of conscience. And by sanctifying us, he causes the mortifying of lust in us, so that it cannot take such occasion to sin by the restraint which the Law makes, as it did before; (Romans 7:10-11).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
through:

Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Galatians 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster [to bring us] unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
Romans 3:19-20 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression.
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
Romans 7:7-11 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ... For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew [me].
Romans 7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
Romans 7:22-23 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: ... But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.
Romans 10:4-5 For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. ... For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.

dead:

Romans 6:2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
Romans 6:11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
Romans 7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, [even] to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
Romans 7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not [in] the oldness of the letter.
Romans 7:9 For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
Colossians 2:20 Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances,
Colossians 3:3 For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God.
1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

that:

Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Romans 14:7-8 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. ... For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's.
1 Corinthians 10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
2 Corinthians 5:15 And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
1 Thessalonians 5:10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
1 Peter 4:1-2 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; ... That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
1 Peter 4:6 For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.
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Ro 3:19; 4:15; 5:20; 6:2, 11, 14; 7:4, 6, 7, 9, 14, 22; 8:2; 10:4; 14:7. 1Co 10:31. 2Co 5:15. Ga 2:20; 3:10, 24. Col 2:20; 3:3. 1Th 5:10. Tit 2:14. He 9:14. 1P 2:24; 4:1, 6.

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