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Galatians 1:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But I did not see any other of the apostles except James, the Lord’s brother.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I saw no other of the apostles, save James the Lord's brother.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but I saw none other of the apostles, but James the brother of the Lord.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, other of the apostles, saw I none, save James the brother of the Lord:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and other of the apostles I did not see, except James, the brother of the Lord.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But other of the apostles I saw none, saving James the brother of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But other of the Apostles saw I none, saue Iames the Lords brother.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But others of the apostles I saw not, only Jakub, the brother of our Lord.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But others of the legates I saw not, except James, our Lord's brother.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
other 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
apostles 652
{0652} Prime
ἀπόστολος
apostolos
{ap-os'-tol-os}
From G0649; a delegate; specifically an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ ('apostle'), (with miraculous powers).
saw x1492
(1492) Complement
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
I y1492
[1492] Standard
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
none, 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
save 1508
{1508} Prime
εἴ μή
ei me
{i may}
From G1487 and G3361; if not.
James 2385
{2385} Prime
Ἰάκωβος
Iakobos
{ee-ak'-o-bos}
The same as G2384 Graecized; Jacobus, the name of three Israelites.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord's 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
brother. 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 1:19

_ _ Compare Acts 9:27, Acts 9:28, wherein Luke, as an historian, describes more generally what Paul, the subject of the history, himself details more particularly. The history speaks of “apostles”; and Paul’s mention of a second apostle, besides Peter, reconciles the Epistle and the history. At Stephen’s martyrdom, and the consequent persecution, the other ten apostles, agreeably to Christ’s directions, seem to have soon (though not immediately, Acts 8:14) left Jerusalem to preach elsewhere. James remained in charge of the mother church, as its bishop. Peter, the apostle of the circumcision, was present during Paul’s fifteen days’ stay; but he, too, presently after (Acts 9:32), went on a circuit through Judea.

_ _ James, the Lord’s brother — This designation, to distinguish him from James the son of Zebedee, was appropriate while that apostle was alive. But before Paul’s second visit to Jerusalem (Galatians 2:1; Acts 15:1-4), he had been beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:2). Accordingly, in the subsequent mention of James here (Galatians 2:9, Galatians 2:12), he is not designated by this distinctive epithet: a minute, undesigned coincidence, and proof of genuineness. James was the Lord’s brother, not in our strict sense, but in the sense, “cousin,” or “kinsman” (Matthew 28:10; John 20:17). His brethren are never called “sons of Joseph,” which they would have been had they been the Lord’s brothers strictly. However, compare Psalms 69:8, “I am an alien to my mother’s children.” In John 7:3, John 7:5, the “brethren” who believed not in Him may mean His near relations, not including the two of His brethren, that is, relatives (James and Jude) who were among the Twelve apostles. Acts 1:14, “His brethren,” refer to Simon and Joses, and others (Matthew 13:55) of His kinsmen, who were not apostles. It is not likely there would be two pairs of brothers named alike, of such eminence as James and Jude; the likelihood is that the apostles James and Jude are also the writers of the Epistles, and the brethren of Jesus. James and Joses were sons of Alpheus and Mary, sister of the Virgin Mary.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 1:10-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 1:19

But other of the apostles I saw none, save James the brother (that is, the kinsman) of the Lord — Therefore when Barnabas is said to have "brought him into the apostles," Acts 9:27, only St. Peter and St James are meant.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
James:

Matthew 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
Mark 3:18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,
Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas [the brother] of James.
, James the son of Alphaeus,
James 1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, [and] called:

the Lord's:

Matthew 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?
Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.
1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and [as] the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 10:3; 13:55. Mk 3:18; 6:3. Lk 6:15. Ac 1:13. 1Co 9:5. Jm 1:1. Jde 1:1.

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