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Galatians 1:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the Gentiles; straightway I conferred not with flesh and blood:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— to reveal His Son in me so that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with flesh and blood,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— was pleased to reveal his Son in me, that I may announce him as glad tidings among the nations, immediately I took not counsel with flesh and blood,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— to reveal his Son in me, that I might announce the glad-message regarding him among the nations, straightway, I conferred not with flesh and blood,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to reveal His Son in me, that I might proclaim him good news among the nations, immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the Gentiles: immediately I condescended not to flesh and blood.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To reueale his sonne in mee, that I might preach him among the heathen, immediatly I conferred not with flesh and blood:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— to reveal his Son in me, that I should preach among the nations, immediately I did not disclose to flesh and to blood;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— to reveal his Son by me, that I should proclaim him among the Gentiles; forthwith, I did not open it to flesh and blood;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To reveal 601
{0601} Prime
ἀποκαλύπτω
apokalupto
{ap-ok-al-oop'-to}
From G0575 and G2572; to take off the cover, that is, disclose.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
Son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
me, 1698
{1698} Prime
ἐμοί
emoi
{em-oy'}
A prolonged form of G3427; to me.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
I might preach 2097
{2097} Prime
εὐαγγελίζω
euaggelizo
{yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zo}
From G2095 and G0032; to announce good news ('evangelize') especially the gospel.
z5735
<5735> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 7
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heathen; 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
immediately 2112
{2112} Prime
εὐθέως
eutheos
{yoo-theh'-oce}
Adverb from G2117; directly, that is, at once or soon.
I conferred 4323
{4323} Prime
προσανατίθημι
prosanatithemi
{pros-an-at-ith'-ay-mee}
From G4314 and G0394; to lay up in addition, that is, (middle voice and figuratively) to impart or (by implication) to consult.
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
with flesh 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
blood: 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 1:16

_ _ reveal his Son in me — within me, in my inmost soul, by the Holy Spirit (Galatians 2:20). Compare 2 Corinthians 4:6, “shined in our hearts.” The revealing of His Son by me to the Gentiles (so translate for “heathen”) was impossible, unless He had first revealed His Son in me; at first on my conversion, but especially at the subsequent revelation from Jesus Christ (Galatians 1:12), whereby I learned the Gospel’s independence of the Mosaic law.

_ _ that I might preach — the present in the Greek, which includes the idea “that I may preach Him,” implying an office still continuing. This was the main commission entrusted to him (Galatians 2:7, Galatians 2:9).

_ _ immediately — connected chiefly with “I went into Arabia” (Galatians 1:17). It denotes the sudden fitness of the apostle. So Acts 9:20, “Straightway he preached Christ in the synagogue.”

_ _ I conferred notGreek, “I had not further (namely, in addition to revelation) recourse to ... for the purpose of consulting.” The divine revelation was sufficient for me [Bengel].

_ _ flesh and blood — (Matthew 16:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 1:10-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 1:16

To reveal his Son in me — By the powerful operation of his Spirit, 2 Corinthians 4:6; as well as to me, by the heavenly vision. That I might preach him to others — Which I should have been ill qualified to do, had I not first known him myself. I did not confer with flesh and blood — Being fully satisfied of the divine will, and determined to obey, I took no counsel with any man, neither with my own reason or inclinations, which might have raised numberless objections.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 1:16

To reveal his Son (m) in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately (8) I conferred not with (n) flesh and blood:

(m) To me, and this is a type of speech which the Hebrews use, by which it shows us that this gift comes from God. (8) He says this because it might be objected that he was indeed called by Christ in the way, but afterward was instructed by the apostles and others (whose names, as I said before, the false apostles abused to destroy his apostleship), as though he delivered another Gospel than they did, and as though he were not of their number, who are to be credited without exception. Therefore, Paul answers that he began immediately after his calling to preach the Gospel at Damascus and in Arabia, and was not from that time in Jerusalem except for fifteen days, when he saw only Peter and James. And afterwards, he began to teach in Syria and Cilicia, with the consent and approval of the churches of the Jews, who knew him only by name: so far off was it, that he was there instructed by men.

(n) With any man in the world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
reveal:

Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed [it] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
1 Corinthians 2:9-13 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. ... Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 1:17-18 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: ... The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
Ephesians 3:5-10 Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit; ... To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

that:

Galatians 2:7-9 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as [the gospel] of the circumcision [was] unto Peter; ... And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
Acts 9:15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:
Acts 22:21 And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles.
Acts 26:17-18 Delivering thee from the people, and [from] the Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee, ... To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
Romans 1:13-14 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles. ... I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise.
Romans 11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:
Romans 15:16-19 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost. ... Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
Ephesians 3:1 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles,
Ephesians 3:8 Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ;
Colossians 1:25-27 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God; ... To whom God would make known what [is] the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
1 Timothy 2:7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, [and] lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.
2 Timothy 1:11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.

immediately:

Galatians 1:11-12 But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man. ... For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught [it], but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.
Galatians 2:1 Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with [me] also.
Galatians 2:6 But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed [to be somewhat] in conference added nothing to me:
Deuteronomy 33:9 Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
Luke 9:23-25 And he said to [them] all, If any [man] will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me. ... For what is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away?
Luke 9:59-62 And he said unto another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father. ... And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.
Acts 26:19-20 Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision: ... But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
2 Corinthians 5:16 Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we [him] no more.

flesh:

Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed [it] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
Matthew 26:41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak.
1 Corinthians 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.
Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [places].
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 33:9. Mt 16:17; 26:41. Lk 9:23, 59. Ac 9:15; 22:21; 26:17, 19. Ro 1:13; 11:13; 15:16. 1Co 2:9; 15:50. 2Co 4:6; 5:16. Ga 1:11; 2:1, 6, 7. Ep 1:17; 3:1, 5, 8; 6:12. Col 1:25. 1Th 2:16. 1Ti 2:7. 2Ti 1:11. He 2:14.

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