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Galatians 1:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But when it was the good pleasure of God, who separated me, [even] from my mother's womb, and called me through his grace,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when God, who had set me apart [even] from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, was pleased
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But when God, who set me apart [even] from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when God, who set me apart from my mother's womb and called me through his favour, was well-pleased
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and when God was well pleased—having separated me from the womb of my mother, and having called [me] through His grace—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But when it pleased him who separated me from my mother's womb and called me by his grace,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mothers wombe, and called [me] by his grace,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But, when He willed who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But when it pleased him, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
it pleased 2106
{2106} Prime
εὐδοκέω
eudokeo
{yoo-dok-eh'-o}
From G2095 and G1380; to think well of, that is, approve (an act); specifically to approbate (a person or thing).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
separated 873
{0873} Prime
ἀφορίζω
aphorizo
{af-or-id'-zo}
From G0575 and G3724; to set off by boundary, that is, (figuratively) limit, exclude, appoint, etc.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
me 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
mother's 3384
{3384} Prime
μήτηρ
meter
{may'-tare}
Apparently a primary word; a 'mother' (literally or figuratively, immediate or remote).
womb, 2836
{2836} Prime
κοιλία
koilia
{koy-lee'-ah}
From κοῖλος [[koilos]] ('hollow'); a cavity, that is, (specifically) the abdomen; by implication the matrix; figuratively the heart.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
called 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
[me] by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
grace, 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 1:15

_ _ separated — “set me apart”: in the purposes of His electing love (compare Acts 9:15; Acts 22:14), in order to show in me Hispleasure,” which is the farthest point that any can reach in inquiring the causes of his salvation. The actual “separating” or “setting apart” to the work marked out for him, is mentioned in Acts 13:2; Romans 1:1. There is an allusion, perhaps, in the way of contrast, to the derivation of Pharisee from Hebrew,pharash,” “separated.” I was once a so-called Pharisee or Separatist, but God had separated me to something far better.

_ _ from ... womb — Thus merit in me was out of the question, in assigning causes for His call from Acts 9:11. Grace is the sole cause (Psalms 22:9; Psalms 71:6; Isaiah 49:1, Isaiah 49:5; Jeremiah 1:5; Luke 1:15).

_ _ called me — on the way to Damascus (Acts 9:3-8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 1:10-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 1:15

But when it pleased God — He ascribes nothing to his own merits, endeavours, or sincerity. Who separated me from my mother's womb — Set me apart for an apostle, as he did Jeremiah for a prophet. Jeremiah 1:5. Such an unconditional predestination as this may consist, both with God's justice and mercy. And called me by his grace — By his free and almighty love, to be both a Christian and an apostle.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 1:15

But when it pleased God, who (l) separated me from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace,

(l) He speaks of God's everlasting predestination, by which he appointed him to be an apostle, of which he makes three distinctions: the everlasting council of God, his appointing from his mother's womb, and his calling. And we see that there is no mention at all of foreseen works.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
it:

Deuteronomy 7:7-8 The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye [were] the fewest of all people: ... But because the LORD loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
1 Samuel 12:22 For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased the LORD to make you his people.
1 Chronicles 28:4-5 Howbeit the LORD God of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever: for he hath chosen Judah [to be] the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he liked me to make [me] king over all Israel: ... And of all my sons, (for the LORD hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.
Matthew 11:26 Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight.
Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.
1 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, called [to be] an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes [our] brother,
Ephesians 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
Ephesians 1:9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
Ephesians 3:11 According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:

who:

Isaiah 49:1 Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.
Isaiah 49:5 And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb [to be] his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.
Jeremiah 1:5 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, [and] I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.
Luke 1:15-16 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb. ... And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.
Acts 9:15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:
Acts 13:2 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.
Acts 22:14-15 And he said, The God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou shouldest know his will, and see that Just One, and shouldest hear the voice of his mouth. ... For thou shalt be his witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard.
Romans 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,

and:

Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
Romans 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Romans 9:24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
1 Corinthians 1:9 God [is] faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
1 Corinthians 1:24 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
1 Corinthians 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Timothy 1:12-14 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry; ... And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 7:7. 1S 12:22. 1Ch 28:4. Is 49:1, 5. Jr 1:5. Mt 11:26. Lk 1:15; 10:21. Ac 9:15; 13:2; 22:14. Ro 1:1, 5; 8:30; 9:24. 1Co 1:1, 9, 24; 15:10. Ep 1:5, 9; 3:11. 2Th 2:13. 1Ti 1:12. 2Ti 1:9. 1P 5:10.

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