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Ezra 7:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect and so forth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect [peace], and at such a time.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect [peace]. And now
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Artaxerxes, king of kings, To Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect [peace], and at such a time.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, an accomplished scribe of the law of the God of the heavens, and so forth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Artaxerxes, king of kings, Unto Ezra the priest, scribe of the law of the God of the heavens—To despatch and so forth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a perfect scribe of the law of the God of heaven, and at such a time:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Artaxerxes king of kings to Esdras the priest, the most learned scribe of the law of the God of heaven, greeting.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Artaxerxes king of kings, Unto Ezra the Priest, a Scribe of the Law of the God of heauen, Perfect [peace], and at such a time.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Artaxerxes{gr.Arthasastha}, king of kings, to Ezra{gr.Esdras}, the scribe of the law of the Lord God of heaven, Let the order and the answer be accomplished.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Artachshasta, king of kings, unto Ezrah the priest, a scribe of the law of the Elah of heaven, perfect [peace], and at such a time.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Artaa$t אַרתַּחשַׁשׂתָּא, 783
{0783} Prime
אַרְתַּחשַׁשְׂתָּא
'Artachshashta'
{ar-takh-shash-taw'}
Of foreign origin; Artachshasta (or Artaxerxes), a title (rather than name) of several Persian kings.
king 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
of kings, 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
unto `Ezr עֶזרָה 5831
{5831} Prime
עֶזְרָא
`Ezra'
{ez-raw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5830; Ezra, an Israelite.
the priest, 3549
{3549} Prime
כָּהֵן
kahen
{kaw-hane'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3548.
a scribe 5613
{5613} Prime
סָפַר
capher
{saw-fare'}
(Chaldee); from the same as H5609; a scribe (secular or sacred).
of the law 1882
{1882} Prime
דָּת
dath
{dawth}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1881; decree, law.
of x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
the lh אֱלָה 426
{0426} Prime
אֱלָהּ
'elahh
{el-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0433; God.
of heaven, 8065
{8065} Prime
שְׁמַיִן
shamayin
{shaw-mah'-yin}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8064.
perfect 1585
{1585} Prime
גְּמַר
g@mar
{ghem-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1584.
z8752
<8752> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 51
[peace], and at such a time. 3706
{3706} Prime
כְּעֶנֶת
k@`eneth
{keh-eh'-neth}
(Chaldee); feminine of H3705; thus (only in the formula 'and so forth').
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezra 7:12

_ _ Artaxerxes, king of kings — That title might have been assumed as, with literal truth, applicable to him, since many of the tributary princes of his empire still retained the name and authority of kings. But it was a probably a mere Orientalism, denoting a great and powerful prince, as the heaven of heavens signified the highest heaven, and vanity of vanities, the greatest vanity. This vainglorious title was assumed by the kings of Assyria, from whom it passed to the sovereigns of Persia.

_ _ unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven — The appointment of Ezra to this influential mission was of the highest importance to the Hebrew people, as a large proportion of them were become, in a great measure, strangers both to the language and the institutions of their forefathers.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezra 7:11-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezra 7:12

Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect [peace], and (f) at such a time.

(f) Some take this for the name of a people, some for time or continuance, meaning that the king wished him long life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Artaxerxes:
The title of the king would, in Persian, run thus: Ardsheer shahinshah, or padshah, "Ardsheer, king of kings," i.e., great or supreme king or emperor.
1 Kings 4:24 For he had dominion over all [the region] on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.
1 Kings 20:1 And Benhadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together: and [there were] thirty and two kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and warred against it.
Isaiah 10:8 For he saith, [Are] not my princes altogether kings?
Ezekiel 26:7 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people.
Daniel 2:37 Thou, O king, [art] a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.
Daniel 2:47 The king answered unto Daniel, and said, Of a truth [it is], that your God [is] a God of gods, and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing thou couldest reveal this secret.
1 Timothy 6:15 Which in his times he shall shew, [who is] the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;
Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:16 And he hath on [his] vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

unto Ezra:
etc. or, to Ezra the priest, a perfect scribe of the law of the God of heaven, peace, etc. and at such a time.
Ezra 4:10-11 And the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Asnappar brought over, and set in the cities of Samaria, and the rest [that are] on this side the river, and at such a time. ... This [is] the copy of the letter that they sent unto him, [even] unto Artaxerxes the king; Thy servants the men on this side the river, and at such a time.
Ezra 4:17 [Then] sent the king an answer unto Rehum the chancellor, and [to] Shimshai the scribe, and [to] the rest of their companions that dwell in Samaria, and [unto] the rest beyond the river, Peace, and at such a time.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 4:24; 20:1. Ezr 4:10, 17. Is 10:8. Ezk 26:7. Dn 2:37, 47. 1Ti 6:15. Rv 17:14; 19:16.

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