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Ezra 5:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem; in the name of the God of Israel [prophesied they] unto them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that [were] in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, [even] unto them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the prophets, Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, who was over them,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews that [were] in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, [even] to them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now the prophets, Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem; in the name of the God of Israel [did they prophesy] to them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then were moved to prophesy, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah son of Iddo, the prophets, unto the Jews who were in Judaea and in Jerusalem,—in the name of the God of Israel, unto them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And prophesied have the prophets, (Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah son of Iddo) unto the Jews who [are] in Judah and in Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel—unto them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Aggeus the prophet, and Zacharias the son of Addo, prophesied to the Jews that were in Judea and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then the Prophets, Haggai the Prophet, and Zechariah the sonne of Iddo, prophesied vnto the Iewes that [were] in Iudah and Ierusalem, in the Name of the God of Israel, [euen] vnto them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Haggai{gr.Aggaeus} the prophet, and Zechariah{gr.Zacharias} the [son] of Addo, prophesied a prophesy to the Jews in Judah{gr.Juda} and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, [even] to them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then the prophets, Chaggay the prophet, and Zekharyah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Yehudaye that [were] in Yehudah and Yerushalaim in the name of the Elah of Yisrael, [even] unto them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then the prophets, 5029
{5029} Prime
נְבִיא
n@biy'
{neb-ee'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5030; a prophet.
aggay חַגַּי 2292
{2292} Prime
חַגַּי
Chaggay
{khag-gah'-ee}
From H2282; festive; Chaggai, a Hebrew prophet.
the prophet, 5029
{5029} Prime
נְבִיא
n@biy'
{neb-ee'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5030; a prophet.
and Zary זְכַריָה 2148
{2148} Prime
זְכַרְיָה
Z@karyah
{zek-ar-yaw'}
From H2142 and H3050; Jah has remembered; Zecarjah, the name of twenty nine Israelites.
the son 1247
{1247} Prime
בַּר
bar
{bar}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1121; a son, grandson, etc.
of `Idd עִדּוֹא, 5714
{5714} Prime
עִדּוֹ
`Iddow
{id-do'}
From H5710; timely; Iddo (or Iddi), the name of five Israelites.
prophesied 5013
{5013} Prime
נְבִיא
n@ba'
{neb-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5012.
z8724
<8724> Grammar
Stem - Ithpael (See H8828)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 6
unto 5922
{5922} Prime
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
the Yhy יְהוּדָיֵא 3062
{3062} Prime
יְהוּדָאִי
Y@huwda'iy
{yeh-hoo-daw-ee'}
(Chaldee); patrial from H3061; a Jehudaite (or Judaite), that is, Jew.
that x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
[were] in Yh יְהוּדָה 3061
{3061} Prime
יְהוּד
Y@huwd
{yeh-hood'}
(Chaldee); contracted from a form. corresponding to H3063; properly Judah, hence Judaea.
and Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם 3390
{3390} Prime
ירוּשְׁלֶם
Y@ruwshalem
{yer-oo-shaw-lame'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3389.
in the name 8036
{8036} Prime
שׁוּם
shum
{shoom}
(Chaldee); shoom; corresponding to H8034.
of the lh אֱלָה 426
{0426} Prime
אֱלָהּ
'elahh
{el-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0433; God.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3479
{3479} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3478.
[even] unto 5922
{5922} Prime
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezra 5:1

_ _ Ezra 5:1-17. Zerubbabel and Jeshua set forward the building of the Temple in the reign of Darius.

_ _ Then the prophets ... prophesied ... in the name of the God of Israel — From the recorded writings of Haggai and Zechariah, it appears that the difficulties experienced and the many obstacles thrown in the way had first cooled the zeal of the Jews in the building of the temple, and then led to an abandonment of the work, under a pretended belief that the time for rebuilding it had not yet come (Haggai 1:2-11). For fifteen years the work was completely suspended. These two prophets upbraided them with severe reproaches for their sloth, negligence, and worldly selfishness (Haggai 1:4), threatened them with severe judgments if they continued backward, and promised that they would be blessed with great national prosperity if they resumed and prosecuted the work with alacrity and vigor.

_ _ Zechariah the son of Iddo — that is, grandson (Zechariah 1:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Ezra 5:1-2

_ _ Some reckon that the building of the temple was suspended for only nine years; I am willing to believe that fifteen years were the utmost. During this time they had an altar and a tabernacle, which no doubt they made use of. When we cannot do what we would we must do what we can in the service of God, and be sorry we can do no better. But the counsellors that were hired to hinder the work (Ezra 4:5) told them, and perhaps with a pretence to inspiration, that the time had not come for the building of the temple (Haggai 1:2), urging that it was long ere the time came for the building of Solomon's temple; and thus the people were made easy in their own ceiled houses, while God's house lay waste. Now here we are told how life was put into that good cause which seemed to lie dead.

_ _ I. They had two good ministers, who, in God's name, earnestly persuaded them to put the wheel of business in motion again. Observe,

_ _ 1. Who these ministers were, namely, the prophets Haggai and Zechariah, who both began to prophesy in the second year of Darius, as appears, Haggai 1:1; Zechariah 1:1. Note, (1.) The temple of God among men is to be built by prophecy, not by secular force (that often hinders it, but seldom furthers it), but by the word of God. As the weapons of our warfare, so the instruments of our building, are not carnal, but spiritual, and they are the ministers of the gospel that are the master-builders. (2.) It is the business of God's prophets to stir up God's people to that which is good, and to help them in it, to strengthen their hands, and, by suitable considerations fetched from the word of God, to quicken them to their duty and encourage them in it. (3.) It is a sign that God has mercy in store for a people when he raises up prophets among them to be their helpers in the way and work of God, their guides, overseers, and rulers.

_ _ 2. To whom they were sent. They prophesied unto the Jews (for, as to them pertained the giving of the law, so also the gift of prophecy, and therefore they are called the children of the prophets, Acts 3:25, because they were educated under their tuition and instruction), even unto them, upon them, even upon them (so it is in the original), as Ezekiel prophesied upon the dry bones, that they might live, Ezekiel 37:4. They prophesied against them (so bishop Patrick), for they reproved them because they did not build the temple. The word of God, if it be not received now as a testimony to us, will be received now as a testimony to us, will be received another day as a testimony against us, and will judge us.

_ _ 3. Who sent them. They prophesied in the name, or (as some read it) in the cause, or for the sake, of the God of Israel; they spoke by commission from him, and argued from his authority over them, his interest in them, and the concern of his glory among them.

_ _ II. They had two good magistrates, who were forward and active in this work. Zerubbabel their chief prince, and Jeshua their chief priest, Ezra 5:2. Those that are in places of dignity and power ought with their dignity to put honour upon and with their power to put life into every good work: thus it becomes those that preceded, and those that preside, with an exemplary care and zeal to fulfil all righteousness and to go before in a good work. These great men thought it no disparagement to them, but a happiness, to be taught and prescribed to by the prophets of the Lord, and were glad of their help in reviving this good work. Read the first chapter of the prophecy of Haggai here (for that is the best comment on these two verses) and see what great things God does by his word, which he magnifies above all his name, and by his Spirit working with it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezra 5:1

The son — His grand — child; for he was the son of Baraciah. Prophesied — Commanding them from God to return to building the temple, with a promise of his favour and assistance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3484, bc 520

Haggai:
These are the same Haggai and Zechariah, whose writings we have among the twelve minor prophets; and, as a great part of them refer to the events here recorded, the reader will find it very profitable to compare them with the history.
Haggai 1:1-15 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying, ... In the four and twentieth day of the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.

Zechariah:

Zechariah 1:1-21 In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying, ... Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These [are] the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up [their] horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.

the son of Iddo:
That is, "the grandson of Iddo;" for Zechariah was the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo.

in the name:

Micah 5:4 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.
Haggai 1:2-8 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the LORD'S house should be built. ... Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD.
Zechariah 1:3-4 Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. ... Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and [from] your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD.
Zechariah 4:6-10 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts. ... For who hath despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel [with] those seven; they [are] the eyes of the LORD, which run to and fro through the whole earth.
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Mi 5:4. Hg 1:1, 2. Zc 1:1, 3; 4:6.

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