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Ezra 2:63 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the governor said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest stood up with Urim and Thummim.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Tirshatha said to them that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and the governor told them, that they must not eat of the most holy things,—until there should stand up a priest, with Lights and Perfections.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the Tirshatha saith to them, that they eat not of the most holy things till the standing up of a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Athersatha said to them, that they should not eat of the holy of holies, till there arose a priest learned and perfect.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Tirshatha said vnto them, that they should not eate of the most holy things, till there stood vp a priest with Urim & with Thummim.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Athersastha told them that they should not eat of the most holy things, until a priest should arise with Lights and Perfections.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Tummim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the Tir תִּרשָׁתָא 8660
{8660} Prime
תִּרְשָׁתָא
Tirshatha'
{teer-shaw-thaw'}
Of foreign derivation; the title of a Persian deputy or governor.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto them, that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
they should not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of the most y6944
[6944] Standard
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
holy things, 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
till x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
there stood up 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
a priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
with rm אוּרִים 224
{0224} Prime
אוּרִים
'Uwriym
{oo-reem'}
Plural of H0217; lights; Urim, the oracular brilliancy of the figures in the high priest's breastplate.
and with Tmmm תּוּמִּים. 8550
{8550} Prime
תֻּמִּים
Tummiym
{toom-meem'}
Plural of H8537; perfections, that is, (technically) one of the epithets of the objects in the high priest's breastplate as an emblem of complete Truth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezra 2:63

_ _ Tirshatha — a title borne by the Persian governors of Judea (see also Nehemiah 7:65-70; Nehemiah 8:9; Nehemiah 10:1). It is derived from the Persian torsh (“severe”), and is equivalent to “your severity,” “your awfulness.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezra 2:36-63.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezra 2:63

Tirshatha — The governor, Zerubbabel. With Urim, &c. — That this point which could not be found out by human skill, might be determined by Divine direction. Hereby it appears that the Urim and Thummim were lost in the destruction of the city and temple, tho' the Jews fed themselves with hopes of recovering them, but in vain. And by the want of that oracle, they were taught to expect the great oracle, the Messiah.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezra 2:63

And the (l) Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with (m) Urim and with Thummim.

(l) This is a Chaldee name, and signifies him who has authority over others.

(m) Read (Exodus 28:30).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Tirshatha:
or, governor, The person who held this office at this time was probably Zerubbabel. The word Tirshatha is supposed to be Persian; and if, as Castel supposes, it signifies austerity, or that fear which is impressed by the authority of a governor, it may be derived from tars, "ear," or tursh, "acid, austere."
Nehemiah 7:65 And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood [up] a priest with Urim and Thummim.
Nehemiah 8:9 And Nehemiah, which [is] the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day [is] holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law.
Nehemiah 10:1 Now those that sealed [were], Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah,

should not:

Leviticus 2:3 And the remnant of the meat offering [shall be] Aaron's and his sons': [it is] a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.
Leviticus 2:10 And that which is left of the meat offering [shall be] Aaron's and his sons': [it is] a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.
Leviticus 6:17 It shall not be baken with leaven. I have given it [unto them for] their portion of my offerings made by fire; it [is] most holy, as [is] the sin offering, and as the trespass offering.
Leviticus 6:29 All the males among the priests shall eat thereof: it [is] most holy.
Leviticus 7:16 But if the sacrifice of his offering [be] a vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten the same day that he offereth his sacrifice: and on the morrow also the remainder of it shall be eaten:
Leviticus 10:17-18 Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it [is] most holy, and [God] hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD? ... Behold, the blood of it was not brought in within the holy [place]: ye should indeed have eaten it in the holy [place], as I commanded.
Leviticus 22:2-3 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, and that they profane not my holy name [in those things] which they hallow unto me: I [am] the LORD. ... Say unto them, Whosoever [he be] of all your seed among your generations, that goeth unto the holy things, which the children of Israel hallow unto the LORD, having his uncleanness upon him, that soul shall be cut off from my presence: I [am] the LORD.
Leviticus 22:10 There shall no stranger eat [of] the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat [of] the holy thing.
Leviticus 22:14-16 And if a man eat [of] the holy thing unwittingly, then he shall put the fifth [part] thereof unto it, and shall give [it] unto the priest with the holy thing. ... Or suffer them to bear the iniquity of trespass, when they eat their holy things: for I the LORD do sanctify them.
Numbers 18:9-11 This shall be thine of the most holy things, [reserved] from the fire: every oblation of theirs, every meat offering of theirs, and every sin offering of theirs, and every trespass offering of theirs, which they shall render unto me, [shall be] most holy for thee and for thy sons. ... And this [is] thine; the heave offering of their gift, with all the wave offerings of the children of Israel: I have given them unto thee, and to thy sons and to thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: every one that is clean in thy house shall eat of it.
Numbers 18:19 All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer unto the LORD, have I given thee, and thy sons and thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: it [is] a covenant of salt for ever before the LORD unto thee and to thy seed with thee.
Numbers 18:32 And ye shall bear no sin by reason of it, when ye have heaved from it the best of it: neither shall ye pollute the holy things of the children of Israel, lest ye die.

Urim:

Exodus 28:30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.
Leviticus 8:8 And he put the breastplate upon him: also he put in the breastplate the Urim and the Thummim.
Numbers 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask [counsel] for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, [both] he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
Deuteronomy 33:8 And of Levi he said, [Let] thy Thummim and thy Urim [be] with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah, [and with] whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah;
1 Samuel 28:6 And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 28:30. Lv 2:3, 10; 6:17, 29; 7:16; 8:8; 10:17; 22:2, 10, 14. Nu 18:9, 19, 32; 27:21. Dt 33:8. 1S 28:6. Ne 7:65; 8:9; 10:1.

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