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Ezra 10:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they gave their hand that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their guilt.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They pledged to put away their wives, and being guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their offense.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they gave their hand to send away their wives; and they offered a ram of the flock, as trespass-offering for their guilt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and they gave their hand, that they would put away their wives,—and, being guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their guilt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they give their hand to send out their wives, and, being guilty, a ram of the flock, for their guilt.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they gave their hands to put away their wives, and to offer for their offence a ram of the flock.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they gaue their hands, that they would put away their wiues: and being guiltie, [they offered] a ramme of the flocke for their trespasse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they pledged themselves to put away their wives, and [offered] a ram of the flock for a trespass-offering because of their trespass.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their hands 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
that they would put away 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
their wives; 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
and [being] guilty, 818
{0818} Prime
אָשֵׁם
'ashem
{aw-shame'}
From H0816; guilty; hence presenting a sin offering.
[they offered] a ram 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
of the flock 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
their trespass. 819
{0819} Prime
אַשְׁמָה
'ashmah
{ash-maw'}
Feminine of H0817; guiltiness, a fault, the presentation of a sin offering.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezra 10:19

_ _ they gave their hands — that is, came under a solemn engagement, which was usually ratified by pledging the right hand (Proverbs 6:1; Ezekiel 17:18). The delinquents of the priestly order bound themselves to do like the common Israelites (Ezra 10:25), and sought to expiate their sin by sacrificing a ram as a trespass offering.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezra 10:15-44.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezra 10:19

And they gave (l) their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass.

(l) As a token that they would keep their promise and do it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gave their hands:
They bound themselves in the most solemn manner to do as the rest of the delinquents had done, and make and acknowledgment to God of their iniquity, by offering each a ram for a trespass offering.
2 Kings 10:15 And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of Rechab [coming] to meet him: and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine heart right, as my heart [is] with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give [me] thine hand. And he gave [him] his hand; and he took him up to him into the chariot.
1 Chronicles 29:24 And all the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves unto Solomon the king.
2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers [were, but] yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.
*marg.
Lamentations 5:6 We have given the hand [to] the Egyptians, [and to] the Assyrians, to be satisfied with bread.
Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

a ram:

Leviticus 5:15-16 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering: ... And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
Leviticus 6:4 Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,
Leviticus 6:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest:
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Lv 5:15; 6:4, 6. 2K 10:15. 1Ch 29:24. 2Ch 30:8. Lm 5:6. Ga 2:9.

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