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Ezra 10:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahzeiah the son of Tikvah stood up against this [matter]: and Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite helped them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah were employed about this [matter]: and Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite helped them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahzeiah the son of Tikvah opposed this, with Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite supporting them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah were employed about this [matter]: and Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite helped them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahzeiah the son of Tikvah stood up against this; and Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite helped them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Only Jonathan son of Asahel and Jahzeiah son of Tikvah, made a stand against this,—and, Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite, helped them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Only Jonathan son of Asahel, and Jahaziah son of Tikvah, stood against this, and Meshullam, and Shabbethai the Levite, helped them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then Jonathan the son of Azahel, and Jaasia the son of Thecua were appointed over this, and Mesollam and Sebethai, Levites, helped them:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Onely Ionathan the sonne of Asahel, and Iahaziah the sonne of Tikuah, were employed about this matter: and Meshullam, and Shabbethai the Leuite, helped them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Only Jonathan the son of Asahel{gr.Asael}, and Jazias the son of Tekoah{gr.Thecoe} [were] with me concerning this; and Meshullam{gr.Mesollam}, and Sabbathai the Levite helped them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Only Yehonathan the son of Asah El and Yachzeyah the son of Tiqwah were employed about this [matter]: and Meshullam and Shabbethay the Lewi helped them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Only x389
(0389) Complement
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
Yhnn יְהוֹנָתָן y3129
[3129] Standard
יוֹנָתָן
Yownathan
{yo-naw-thawn'}
A form of H3083; Jonathan, the name of ten Israelites.
x3083
(3083) Complement
יְהוֹנָתָן
Y@hownathan
{yeh-ho-naw-thawn'}
From H3068 and H5414; Jehovah-given; Jehonathan, the name of four Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `$ l עֲשָׂה־אֵל 6214
{6214} Prime
עֲשָׂהאֵל
`Asah'el
{as-aw-ale'}
From H6213 and H0410; God has made; Asahel, the name of four Israelites.
and Yazy יַחזְיָה 3167
{3167} Prime
יַחְזְיָה
Yachz@yah
{yakh-zeh-yaw'}
From H2371 and H3050; Jah will behold; Jachzejah, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Tikw תִּקוָה 8616
{8616} Prime
תִּקֶוָה
Tiqvah
{tik-vaw'}
The same as H8615; Tikvah, the name of two Israelites.
were employed 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
about x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
this x2063
(2063) Complement
זֹאת
zo'th
{zothe'}
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
[matter]: and Mullm מְשֻׁלָּם 4918
{4918} Prime
מְשֻׁלָּם
M@shullam
{mesh-ool-lawm'}
From H7999; allied; Meshullam, the name of seventeen Israelites.
and abbay שַׁבְּתַי 7678
{7678} Prime
שַׁבְּתַי
Shabb@thay
{shab-beth-ah'-ee}
From H7676; restful; Shabbethai, the name of three Israelites.
the Lw לֵוִי 3881
{3881} Prime
לֵוִיִי
Leviyiy
{lay-vee-ee'}
Patronymic from H3878; a Leviite or descendant of Levi.
helped 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Ezra 10:10-17.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Ezra 10:15-44

_ _ The method of proceeding in this matter being concluded on, and the congregation dismissed, that each in his respective place might gain and give intelligence to facilitate the matter, we are here told, 1. Who were the persons that undertook to manage the matter and bring the causes regularly before the commissioners — Jonathan and Jahaziah, two active men, whether of the priests or of the people does not appear; probably they were the men that made that proposal (Ezra 10:13, Ezra 10:14) and were therefore the fittest to see it pursued; two honest Levites were joined with them, and helped them, Ezra 10:15. Dr. Lightfoot gives a contrary sense of this: only (or nevertheless) Jonathan and Jahaziah stood against this matter (which reading the original will very well bear), and these two Levites helped them in opposing it, either the thing itself or this method of proceeding. It was strange if a work of this kind was carried on and met with no opposition. 2. Who were the commissioners that sat upon this matter. Ezra was president, and with him certain chief men of the fathers who were qualified with wisdom and zeal above others for this service, Ezra 10:16. It was happy for them that they had such a man as Ezra to head them; they could not have done it well without his direction, yet he would not do it without their concurrence. 3. How long they were about it. They began the first day of the tenth month to examine the matter (Ezra 10:16), which was but ten days after this method was proposed (Ezra 10:9), and they finished in three months, Ezra 10:17. They sat closely and minded their business, otherwise they could not have despatched so many causes as they had before them in so little time; for we may suppose that all who were impeached were fairly asked what cause they could show why they should not be parted, and, if we may judge by other cases, provided the wife were proselyted to the Jewish religion she was not to be put away, the trial of which would require great care. 4. Who the persons were that were found guilty of this crime. Their names are here recorded to their perpetual reproach; many of the priests, nay, of the family of Jeshua, the high priest, were found guilty (Ezra 10:18), though the law had particularly provided, for the preserving of their honour in their marriages, that being holy themselves they should not marry such as were profane, Leviticus 21:7. Those that should have taught others the law broke it themselves and by their example emboldened others to do likewise. But, having lost their innocency in this matter, they did well to recant and give an example of repentance; for they promised under their hand to put away their strange wives (some think that they made oath to do so with their hands lifted up), and they took the appointed way of obtaining pardon, bringing the ram which was appointed by the law for a trespass offering (Leviticus 6:6), so owning their guilt and the desert of it, and humbly suing for forgiveness. About 113 in all are here named who had married strange wives, and some of them, it is said (Ezra 10:44), had children by them, which implies that not many of them had, God not crowning those marriages with the blessing of increase. Whether the children were turned off with the mothers, as Shechaniah proposed, does not appear; it should seem not: however it is probable that the wives which were put away were well provided for, according to their rank. One would think this grievance was now thoroughly redressed, yet we meet with it again (Nehemiah 13:23 and Malachi 2:11), for such corruptions are easily and insensibly brought in, but not without great difficulty purged out again. The best reformers can but do their endeavour, but, when the Redeemer himself shall come to Sion, he shall effectually turn away ungodliness from Jacob.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezra 10:15

Employed — To take care that the business should be executed in the manner proposed, that the officers and delinquents of every city should come successively in convenient time and order, as these should appoint, to keep an exact account of the whole transaction, and of the names of the cities and persons whose causes were dispatched, to give notice to others to come in their turns, and to prepare the business for the hearing of the judges. These two were priests, as their helpers were Levites; that so they might inform the persons concerned, in any matter of doubt.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
were employed:
Heb. stood

Meshullam:

Nehemiah 3:6 Moreover the old gate repaired Jehoiada the son of Paseah, and Meshullam the son of Besodeiah; they laid the beams thereof, and set up the doors thereof, and the locks thereof, and the bars thereof.
Nehemiah 10:20 Magpiash, Meshullam, Hezir,
Nehemiah 12:33 And Azariah, Ezra, and Meshullam,

Shabbethai:

Nehemiah 11:16 And Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the chief of the Levites, [had] the oversight of the outward business of the house of God.
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