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Ezekiel 7:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the seller shall not return to that which is sold, although they be yet alive: for the vision is touching the whole multitude thereof, none shall return; neither shall any strengthen himself in the iniquity of his life.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the seller shall not return to that which is sold, although they were yet alive: for the vision [is] touching the whole multitude thereof, [which] shall not return; neither shall any strengthen himself in the iniquity of his life.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Indeed, the seller will not regain what he sold as long as they [both] live; for the vision regarding all their multitude will not be averted, nor will any of them maintain his life by his iniquity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the seller shall not return to that which is sold, although they were yet alive: for the vision [is] concerning the whole multitude thereof, [which] shall not return; neither shall any strengthen himself in the iniquity of his life.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the seller shall not return to that which is sold, even though he were yet alive amongst the living: for the vision is touching the whole multitude thereof; it shall not be revoked; and none shall through his iniquity assure his life.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the seller, unto that which is to be sold, shall not return, though, yet, among the living, were their life,—for, the vision, is against all her multitude. He shall not return, And, no man, by his punishment, shall strengthen, his life.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For the seller to the sold thing turneth not, And yet among the living [is] their life, For the vision [is] unto all its multitude, It doth not turn back, And none by his iniquity doth strengthen his life.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the seller shall not return to that which he hath sold, although their life be yet among the living. For the vision which regardeth all the multitude thereof, shall not go back: neither shall man be strengthened in the iniquity of his life.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the seller shall not returne to that which is solde, although they were yet aliue: for the vision [is] touching the whole multitude thereof which shal not returne: neither shall any strengthen himselfe in the iniquity of his life.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the buyer shall never again return to the seller, neither shall a man cleave with the eye [of hope] to his life.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For the seller shall not return to that which is sold, although they were yet alive: for the vision [is] touching the whole multitude thereof, [which] shall not return; neither shall any strengthen himself in the iniquity of his life.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the seller 4376
{4376} Prime
מָכַר
makar
{maw-kar'}
A primitive root; to sell, literally (as merchandise, a daughter in marriage, into slavery), or figuratively (to surrender).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
return 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
that which is sold, 4465
{4465} Prime
מִמְכָּר
mimkar
{mim-kawr'}
From H4376; merchandise; abstractly a selling.
although they were yet x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
alive: 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the vision 2377
{2377} Prime
חָזוֹן
chazown
{khaw-zone'}
From H2372; a sight (mentally), that is, a dream, revelation, or oracle.
[is] touching x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the whole x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
multitude 1995
{1995} Prime
הָמוֹן
hamown
{haw-mone'}
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
thereof, [which] shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
return; 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shall any 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
strengthen y2388
[2388] Standard
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
himself x2388
(2388) Complement
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
in the iniquity 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
of his life. 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 7:13

_ _ although they were yet alive — although they should live to the year of jubilee.

_ _ multitude thereof — namely, of the Jews.

_ _ which shall not return — answering to “the seller shall not return”; not only he, but the whole multitude, shall not return. Calvin omits “is” and “which”: “the vision touching the whole multitude shall not return” void (Isaiah 55:11).

_ _ neither shall any strengthen himself in the iniquity of his life — No hardening of one’s self in iniquity will avail against God’s threat of punishment. Fairbairn translates, “no one by his iniquity shall invigorate his life”; referring to the jubilee, which was regarded as a revivification of the whole commonwealth, when, its disorders being rectified, the body politic sprang up again into renewed life. That for which God thus provided by the institution of the jubilee and which is now to cease through the nation’s iniquity, let none think to bring about by his iniquity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 7:1-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 7:13

Yet alive — For if any should survive the captivity, yet the conqueror wasting and destroying all, would confound all ancient boundaries. Touching — The evils threatened are designed against all the multitude of Israel. Strengthen — Nor shall any one man of them all he able to secure himself, by any sinful contrivance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 7:13

For the seller shall not (l) return to that which is sold, although they were yet alive: for the (m) vision [is] concerning its whole multitude, [which] shall not return; (n) neither shall any strengthen himself in the iniquity of his life.

(l) In the year of the Jubile, meaning that none would enjoy the privilege of the law, (Leviticus 25:13) for they would all be carried away captives.

(m) This vision signified that all would be carried away, and none would return for the Jubile.

(n) No man for all this endeavours himself or takes heart to repent for his evil life. Some read, for none will be strengthened in his iniquity of his life: meaning that they would gain nothing by flattering themselves in evil.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the seller:

Ecclesiastes 8:8 [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
Leviticus 25:24-28 And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land. ... But if he be not able to restore [it] to him, then that which is sold shall remain in the hand of him that hath bought it until the year of jubile: and in the jubile it shall go out, and he shall return unto his possession.
Leviticus 25:31 But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be counted as the fields of the country: they may be redeemed, and they shall go out in the jubile.

they were yet alive:
Heb. their life were yet among the living

neither:

Ezekiel 13:22 Because with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way, by promising him life:
Ezekiel 33:26-27 Ye stand upon your sword, ye work abomination, and ye defile every one his neighbour's wife: and shall ye possess the land? ... Say thou thus unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; [As] I live, surely they that [are] in the wastes shall fall by the sword, and him that [is] in the open field will I give to the beasts to be devoured, and they that [be] in the forts and in the caves shall die of the pestilence.
Job 15:25 For he stretcheth out his hand against God, and strengtheneth himself against the Almighty.
Psalms 52:7 Lo, [this is] the man [that] made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, [and] strengthened himself in his wickedness.

in:
etc. or, whose life is in his iniquity

the iniquity of his life:
Heb. his iniquity
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 25:24, 31. Jb 15:25. Ps 52:7. Ec 8:8. Ezk 13:22; 33:26.

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