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Ezekiel 44:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the Levites that went far from me, when Israel went astray, that went astray from me after their idols, they shall bear their iniquity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But the Levites who went far from Me when Israel went astray, who went astray from Me after their idols, shall bear the punishment for their iniquity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Levites that have gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, who went astray from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But the Levites who went away far from me, when Israel went astray, going astray from me after their idols, they shall even bear their iniquity;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, as for the Levites, Who went far from me, when Israel went astray, Who went astray from me, after their manufactured gods, Therefore shall they bear their iniquity.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but—the Levites who have gone far off from me, in the wandering of Israel when they went astray from Me after their idols, and they have borne their iniquity.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Moreover the Levites that went away far from me, when the children of Israel went astray, and have wandered from me after their idols, and have borne their iniquity:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Leuites that are gone away farre from me, when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idoles, they shall euen beare their iniquitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But as for the Levites who departed far from me when Israel went astray from me after their imaginations, they shall even bear their iniquity.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Lewiyyim that are gone away far from me, when Yisrael went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
the Lwiyyim לְוִיִּם 3881
{3881} Prime
לֵוִיִי
Leviyiy
{lay-vee-ee'}
Patronymic from H3878; a Leviite or descendant of Levi.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
are gone away far 7368
{7368} Prime
רָחַק
rachaq
{raw-khak'}
A primitive root; to widen (in any direction), that is, (intransitively) recede or (transitively) remove (literally or figuratively, of place or relation).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me, when Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
went astray, 8582
{8582} Prime
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
went astray x8582
(8582) Complement
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
away y8582
[8582] Standard
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
their idols; 1544
{1544} Prime
גִּלּוּל
gilluwl
{ghil-lool'}
From H1556; properly a log (as round); by implication an idol.
they shall even bear 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their iniquity. 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 44:10-11

_ _ Levites ... shall ... bear — namely, the punishment of

_ _ their iniquity ... Yet they shall be ministers — So Mark, a Levite, nephew of Barnabas (Acts 4:36), was punished by Paul for losing an opportunity of bearing the cross of Christ, and yet was afterwards admitted into his friendship again, and showed his zeal (Acts 13:13; Acts 15:37; Colossians 4:10; 2 Timothy 4:11). One may be a believer, and that too in a distinguished place, and yet lose some special honor — be acknowledged as pious, yet be excluded from some dignity [Bengel].

_ _ charge at the gates — Better to be “a doorkeeper in the house of God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness” (Psalms 84:10). Though standing as a mere doorkeeper, it is in the house of God, which hath foundations: whereas he who dwells with the wicked, dwells in but shifting tents.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Ezekiel 44:10-16

_ _ The Master of the house, being about to set up house again, takes account of his servants the priests, and sees who are fit to be turned out of their places and who to be kept in, and takes a course with them accordingly.

_ _ I. Those who have been treacherous are degraded and put lower those Levites — or priests who were carried down the stream of the apostasy of Israel formerly, who went astray from God after their idols (Ezekiel 44:10), who had complied with the idolatrous kings of Israel or Judah, who ministered to them before their idols (Ezekiel 44:12), bowed with them in the house of Rimmon, or set up altars for them, as Urijah did for Ahaz, and so caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity, led them to sin and hardened them in sin; for, if the priests go astray, many will follow their pernicious ways. Perhaps in Babylon some of the Jewish priests had complied with the idolaters of the place, to the great scandal of their religion. Now these priests who had thus prevaricated were justly put under the mark of God's displeasure; or, if they were dead (as it is probable that they were, if the crime were committed before the captivity), the iniquity was visited upon their children. Or perhaps it was the whole family of Abiathar that had been guilty of this trespass, which was now called to account for it. And, 1. They are sentenced to be deprived, in part, of their office, and from the dignity of priests are put down into the condition or ordinary Levites. God has lifted up his hand against them, has said it, and sworn it, that they shall bear their iniquity (Ezekiel 44:12); assuredly they shall suffer for it, shall suffer disgrace for it; they shall bear their shame (Ezekiel 44:13), for though they have (we charitably hope) repented of it, yet they shall not come near to do the office of a priest, that is, those parts of the office that were peculiar to them, they shall not come near to any of the holy things within the sanctuary, Ezekiel 44:13. Note, those who have robbed God of his honour will justly be deprived of their honour. And it is really a great punishment to be forbidden to come near to God; and justly might those who have once gone away from him be rejected as unworthy ever to come near to him and put at an everlasting distance. 2. Yet there is a mixture of mercy in this sentence. God deals not in severity, as he might have done, with those who had dealt treacherously with him, but mitigates the sentence, Ezekiel 44:11, Ezekiel 44:14. They are deprived but in part, ab officioof their office, and, it should seem, not at all beneficioof their emoluments. They shall help to slay the sacrifice, which the Levites were permitted to do, and which in this temple was done, not at the altar, but at the tables, Ezekiel 40:29. They shall be porters at the gates of the house, and they shall be keepers of the charge of the house, for all the service thereof. Note, Those who may not be fit to be employed in one kind of service may yet be fit to be employed in another; and even those who have offended may yet be made use of, and not quite thrown aside, much less thrown away.

_ _ II. Those who have been faithful are honoured and established, Ezekiel 44:15, Ezekiel 44:16. These are remarkably distinguished from the other: “But the sons of Zadok, who kept their integrity in a time of general apostasy, who went not astray when others did, they shall come near to me, shall come near to my table.” Note, God will put marks of honour upon those who give proofs of their fidelity and constancy to him in shaking trying times, and will employ those in his service who have kept close to his service when others deserted it and drew back. And it ought to be reckoned a true and great reward of stability in duty to be established in it. If we keep close to God, God will keep us close to him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 44:10

Are gone away — By their idolatry.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 44:10

And the (d) Levites that have gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, who went astray from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity.

(d) The Levites who had committed idolatry were put from their dignity and could not be received into the priests office although they had been of the house of Aaron, but must serve in the inferior offices as to watch and to keep the doors, read (2 Kings 23:9).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Levites:

Ezekiel 44:15 But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD:
Ezekiel 22:26 Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed [difference] between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.
Ezekiel 48:11 [It shall be] for the priests that are sanctified of the sons of Zadok; which have kept my charge, which went not astray when the children of Israel went astray, as the Levites went astray.
2 Kings 23:8-9 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beersheba, and brake down the high places of the gates that [were] in the entering in of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which [were] on a man's left hand at the gate of the city. ... Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the unleavened bread among their brethren.
2 Chronicles 29:4-5 And he brought in the priests and the Levites, and gathered them together into the east street, ... And said unto them, Hear me, ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house of the LORD God of your fathers, and carry forth the filthiness out of the holy [place].
Nehemiah 9:34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify against them.
Jeremiah 23:11 For both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in my house have I found their wickedness, saith the LORD.
Zephaniah 3:4 Her prophets [are] light [and] treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.
1 Timothy 5:22 Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure.

bear:

Genesis 4:13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment [is] greater than I can bear.
Leviticus 19:8 Therefore [every one] that eateth it shall bear his iniquity, because he hath profaned the hallowed thing of the LORD: and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
Numbers 5:31 Then shall the man be guiltless from iniquity, and this woman shall bear her iniquity.
Psalms 38:4 For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me.
Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:13. Lv 19:8. Nu 5:31. 2K 23:8. 2Ch 29:4. Ne 9:34. Ps 38:4. Is 53:11. Jr 23:11. Ezk 22:26; 44:15; 48:11. Zp 3:4. 1Ti 5:22.

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