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Ezekiel 44:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then he brought me back by the way of the outer gate of the sanctuary, which looketh toward the east; and it was shut.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh toward the east; and it [was] shut.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then He brought me back by the way of the outer gate of the sanctuary, which faces the east; and it was shut.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh towards the east; and it [was] shut.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he brought me back toward the outer gate of the sanctuary which looked toward the east; and it was shut.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then he brought me back, toward the outer, gate of the sanctuary, which looked toward the east,—but, it, was shut.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he causeth me to turn back the way of the gate of the outer sanctuary that is looking eastward, and it is shut.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he brought me back to the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary, which looked towards the east: and it was shut.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then he brought me backe the way of the gate of the outward Sanctuarie which looketh toward the East, and it [was] shut.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then he brought me back by the way of the outer gate of the sanctuary that looks eastward; and it was shut.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh toward the east; and it [was] shut.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then he brought me back 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
of the gate 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
of the outward 2435
{2435} Prime
חִיצוֹן
chiytsown
{khee-tsone'}
From H2434; properly the (outer) wall side; hence exterior; figuratively secular (as opposed to sacred).
sanctuary 4720
{4720} Prime
מִקְדָּשׁ
miqdash
{mik-dawsh'}
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum.
which looketh 6437
{6437} Prime
פָּנָה
panah
{paw-naw'}
A primitive root; to turn; by implication to face, that is, appear, look, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
toward the east; 6921
{6921} Prime
קָדִים
qadiym
{kaw-deem'}
From H6923; the fore or front part; hence (by orientation) the East (often adverbially eastward, for brevity the East wind).
and it x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[was] shut. 5462
{5462} Prime
סָגַר
cagar
{saw-gar'}
A primitive root; to shut up; figuratively to surrender.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 44:1

_ _ Ezekiel 44:1-31. Ordinances for the Prince and the priests.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Ezekiel 44:1-3

_ _ The prophet is here brought to review what he had before once surveyed; for, though we have often looked into the things of God, they will yet bear to be looked over again, such a copiousness there is in them. The lessons we have learned we should still repeat to ourselves. Every time we review the sacred fabric of holy things, which we have in the scriptures, we shall still find something new which we did not before take notice of. The prophet is brought a third time to the east gate, and finds it shut, which intimates that the rest of the gates were open at all times to the worshippers. But such an account is given of this gate's being shut as puts honour, 1. Upon the God of Israel. It is for the honour of him that the gate of the inner court, at which his glory entered when he took possession of the house, was ever after kept shut, and no man was allowed to enter in by it, Ezekiel 44:2. The difference ever after made between this and the other gates, that this was shut when the others were open, was intended both to perpetuate the remembrance of the solemn entrance of the glory of the Lord into the house (which it would remain a traditional evidence of the truth of) and also to possess the minds of people with a reverence for the Divine Majesty, and with very awful thoughts of his transcendent glory, which was designed in God's charge to Moses at the bush, Put off thy shoe from off thy foot. God will have a way by himself. 2. Upon the prince of Israel, Ezekiel 44:3. It is an honour to him that though he may not enter in by this gate, for no man may, yet, (1.) He shall sit in this gate to eat his share of the peace-offerings, that sacred food, before the Lord. (2.) He shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, by some little door or wicket, either in the gate or adjoining to it, which is called the say of the porch. This as to signify that God puts some of his glory upon magistrates, upon the princes of his people, for he has said, You are gods. Some by the prince here understand the high priests, or the sagan or second priest; and that he only was allowed to enter by this gate, for he was God's representative. Christ is the high priest of our profession, who entered himself into the holy place, and opened the kingdom of heaven to all believers.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the outward:
So called in opposition to the temple itself, which was the inner sanctuary.
Ezekiel 40:6 Then came he unto the gate which looketh toward the east, and went up the stairs thereof, and measured the threshold of the gate, [which was] one reed broad; and the other threshold [of the gate, which was] one reed broad.
Ezekiel 40:17 Then brought he me into the outward court, and, lo, [there were] chambers, and a pavement made for the court round about: thirty chambers [were] upon the pavement.
Ezekiel 42:14 When the priests enter therein, then shall they not go out of the holy [place] into the utter court, but there they shall lay their garments wherein they minister; for they [are] holy; and shall put on other garments, and shall approach to [those things] which [are] for the people.
2 Chronicles 4:9 Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid the doors of them with brass.
2 Chronicles 20:5 And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court,
2 Chronicles 33:5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD.
Acts 21:28-30 Crying out, Men of Israel, help: This is the man, that teacheth all [men] every where against the people, and the law, and this place: and further brought Greeks also into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place. ... And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple: and forthwith the doors were shut.

looketh:

Ezekiel 43:1 Afterward he brought me to the gate, [even] the gate that looketh toward the east:
Ezekiel 43:4 And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect [is] toward the east.
Ezekiel 46:1 Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.
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2Ch 4:9; 20:5; 33:5. Ezk 40:6, 17; 42:14; 43:1, 4; 46:1. Ac 21:28.

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