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Ezekiel 43:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And these are the measures of the altar by cubits (the cubit is a cubit and a handbreadth): the bottom shall be a cubit, and the breadth a cubit, and the border thereof by the edge thereof round about a span; and this shall be the base of the altar.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And these [are] the measures of the altar after the cubits: The cubit [is] a cubit and an hand breadth; even the bottom [shall be] a cubit, and the breadth a cubit, and the border thereof by the edge thereof round about [shall be] a span: and this [shall be] the higher place of the altar.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And these are the measurements of the altar by cubits (the cubit being a cubit and a handbreadth): the base [shall be] a cubit and the width a cubit, and its border on its edge round about one span; and this [shall be] the [height] of the base of the altar.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And these [are] the measures of the altar after the cubits: The cubit [is] a cubit and a hand-breadth; even the bottom [shall be] a cubit, and the breadth a cubit, and the border of it by its edge around [shall be] a span: and this [shall be] the higher place of the altar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And these are the measures of the altar in cubits: the cubit is a cubit and a hand breadth. The bottom was a cubit [in height] and the breadth a cubit, and its border on the edge thereof round about, one span: and this was the base of the altar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, these, shall be the measures of the altar, in cubits, a cubit, being a cubit and a handbreadth; and, the hollow, shall be a cubit, and, a cubit, the breadth, and, the boundary thereof unto the edge thereof round about, shall be a single span. And, this, shall be the upper part of the altar.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And these [are] measures of the altar by cubits: The cubit [is] a cubit and a handbreadth, and the centre [is] a cubit, and a cubit the breadth; and its border on its edge round about [is] one span, and this [is] the upper part of the altar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And these are the measures of the altar by the truest cubit, which is a cubit and a handbreadth: the bottom thereof was a cubit, and the breadth a cubit: and the border thereof unto its edge, and round about, one handbreadth: and this was the trench of the altar.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And these [are] the measures of the Altar after the cubites; the cubite [is] a cubite and an hand breadth, euen the bottom [shalbe] a cubite, and the breadth a cubite, and the border thereof by the edge therof round about shalbe a spanne, and this [shalbe] the higher place of the Altar.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And these are the measures of the altar by the cubit of a cubit and a span, the cavity [shall be] a cubit deep, and a cubit shall be the breadth, and the border on the rim of it round about shall be a span: and this [shall be] the height of the altar
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And these [are] the measures of the altar after the cubits: The cubit [is] a cubit and an hand breadth; even the bottom [shall be] a cubit, and the breadth a cubit, and the border thereof by the edge thereof round about [shall be] a span: and this [shall be] the higher place of the altar.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the measures 4060
{4060} Prime
מִדָּה
middah
{mid-daw'}
Feminine of H4055; properly extension, that is, height or breadth; also a measure (including its standard); hence a portion (as measured) or a vestment; specifically tribute (as measured).
of the altar 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
after the cubits: 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
The cubit 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
[is] a cubit 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
and an hand breadth; 2948
{2948} Prime
טֹפַח
tophach
{to'-fakh}
From H2946 (the same as H2947).
even the bottom 2436
{2436} Prime
חֵיק
cheyq
{khake}
From an unused root, apparently meaning to inclose; the bosom (literally or figuratively).
[shall be] a cubit, 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
and the breadth 7341
{7341} Prime
רֹחַב
rochab
{ro'-khab}
From H7337; width (literally or figuratively).
a cubit, 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
and the border 1366
{1366} Prime
גְּבוּל
g@buwl
{gheb-ool'}
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
thereof by x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the edge 8193
{8193} Prime
שָׂפָה
saphah
{saw-faw'}
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
thereof round about 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
[shall be] a 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
span: 2239
{2239} Prime
זֶרֶת
zereth
{zeh'-reth}
From H2219; the spread of the fingers, that is, a span.
and this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[shall be] the higher place 1354
{1354} Prime
גַּב
gab
{gab}
From an unused root meaning to hollow or curve; the back (as rounded (compare H1460 and H1479); by analogy the top or rim, a boss, a vault, arch of eye, bulwarks, etc.
of the altar. 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 43:13-27

_ _ As to the altar of burnt offering, which was the appointed means of access to God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Ezekiel 43:13-27

_ _ This relates to the altar in this mystical temple, and that is mystical too; for Christ is our altar. The Jews, after their return out of captivity, had an altar long before they had a temple, Ezra 3:3. But this was an altar in the temple. Now here we have,

_ _ I. The measures of the altar, Ezekiel 43:13. It was six yards square at the top and seven yards square at the bottom; it was four yards and a half high; it had a lower bench or shelf, here called a settle, a yard from the ground, on which some of the priests stood to minister, and another two yards above that, on which others of them stood, and these were each of them half a yard broad, and had ledges on either side, that they might stand firmly upon them. The sacrifices were killed at the table spoken of before, Ezekiel 40:39. What was to be burnt on the altar was given up to those on the lower bench, and handed by them to those on the higher, and they laid it on the altar. Thus in the service of God we must be assistant to one another.

_ _ II. The ordinances of the altar. Directions are here given, 1. Concerning the dedication of the altar at first. Seven days were to be spent in the dedication of it, and every day sacrifices were to be offered upon it, and particularly a goat for a sin-offering (Ezekiel 43:25), besides a young bullock for a sin-offering on the first day (Ezekiel 43:19), which teaches us in all our religious services to have an eye to Christ the great sin-offering. Neither our persons nor our performances can be acceptable to God unless sin be taken away, and that cannot be taken away but by the blood of Christ, which both sanctifies the altar (for Christ entered by his own blood, Hebrews 9:12) and the gift upon the altar. There were also to be a bullock and a ram offered for a burnt-offering (Ezekiel 43:24), which was intended purely for the glory of God, to teach us to have an eye to that in all our services; we present ourselves as living sacrifices, and our devotions as spiritual sacrifices, that we and they may be to him for a name, and for a praise, and for a glory. The dedication of the altar is here called the cleansing and purging of it, Ezekiel 43:20, Ezekiel 43:26. Christ, our altar, though he had no pollution to be cleansed from, yet sanctified himself (John 17:19); and when we consecrate the altars of our hearts to God, to have the fire of holy love always burning upon them, we must see that they be purified and cleansed from the love of the world and the lusts of the flesh. It is observable that there are several differences between the rites of dedication here and those which were appointed Ex. 29, to intimate that the ceremonial institutions were mutable things, and the changes in them were earnests of their period in Christ. Only here, according to the general law, that all the sacrifices must be seasoned with salt (Leviticus 2:13), particular orders are given (Ezekiel 43:24) that the priests shall cast salt upon the sacrifices. Grace is the salt with which all our religious performances must be seasoned, Colossians 4:6. An everlasting covenant is called a covenant of salt, because it is incorruptible. The glory reserved for us is incorruptible and undefiled; and the grace wrought in us is the hidden man of the heart in that which is not corruptible. 2. Concerning the constant use that should be made of it, when it was dedicated: Henceforward the priests shall make their burnt-offerings and peace-offerings upon this altar (Ezekiel 43:27), for therefore it was sanctified, that it might sanctify the gift that was offered upon it. Observe further, (1.) Who were to serve at the altar: The priests of the seed of Zadok, Ezekiel 43:19. That family was substituted in the room of Abiathar by Solomon, and God confirms it. His name signifies righteous, for they are the righteous seed that are priests to God, through Christ the Lord our righteousness. (2.) How they should prepare for this service (Ezekiel 43:26): They shall consecrate themselves, shall fill their hand with the offerings, in token of the giving up of themselves with their offerings to God and to his service. Note, Before we minister to the Lord in holy things we must consecrate ourselves by getting our hands and hearts filled with those things. (3.) How they should speed in it (Ezekiel 43:27): I will accept you. And if God now accept our works, if our services be pleasing to him, it is enough, we need no more. Those that give themselves to God shall be accepted of God, their persons first and then their performances, through the Mediator.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 43:13

The altar — Of burnt — offerings. And an hand — breath — The sacred cubit, three inches longer than the common cubit. The bottom — The ledge or settle, fastened to the altar on all sides at the bottom, shall be a cubit in height. The breadth — From the edge of this bench on the outside to the edge where it joined the body of the altar, a cubit, and this the breadth, twenty one inches, broad enough for the priests to walk on. Border — A ledge going round on all the squares. The edge — On the outer edge of this settle a span high. The back — As the back bears burdens, so this was to bear the weight of the whole altar.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the measures:

Exodus 27:1-8 And thou shalt make an altar [of] shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof [shall be] three cubits. ... Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make [it].
2 Chronicles 4:1 Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, and twenty cubits the breadth thereof, and ten cubits the height thereof.

The cubits:

Ezekiel 40:5 And behold a wall on the outside of the house round about, and in the man's hand a measuring reed of six cubits [long] by the cubit and an hand breadth: so he measured the breadth of the building, one reed; and the height, one reed.
Ezekiel 41:8 I saw also the height of the house round about: the foundations of the side chambers [were] a full reed of six great cubits.

bottom:
Heb. bosom

edge:
Heb. lip
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Ex 27:1. 2Ch 4:1. Ezk 40:5; 41:8.

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