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Ezekiel 4:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with fearfulness; and they shall drink water by measure, and in dismay:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall drink water by measure, and with astonishment:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moreover, He said to me, “Son of man, behold, I am going to break the staff of bread in Jerusalem, and they will eat bread by weight and with anxiety, and drink water by measure and in horror,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Moreover he said to me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall drink water by measure, and with astonishment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said unto me, Son of man, behold, I break the staff of bread in Jerusalem; and they shall eat bread by weight, and with anxiety; and they shall drink water by measure, and with astonishment:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said unto me, Son of man, Behold me! breaking the staff of bread in Jerusalem, So shall they eat bread by weight, and with anxious care, And, water, by measure, and in astonishment, shall they drink:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He saith unto me, 'Son of man, lo, I am breaking the staff of bread in Jerusalem, and they have eaten bread by weight and with fear; and water by measure and with astonishment, they do drink;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said to me: Son of man: Behold, I will break in pieces the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care: and they shall drink water by measure, and in distress.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Moreouer he said vnto me, Sonne of man, behold, I wil breake the staffe of bread in Ierusalem, and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care, and they shal drinke water by measure, and with astonishment:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he said to me, Son of man, behold, I break the support of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight and in want; and shall drink water by measure, and in a state of ruin:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Yerushalaim: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall drink water by measure, and with astonishment:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Moreover he said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me, Son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
I will break 7665
{7665} Prime
שָׁבַר
shabar
{shaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the staff 4294
{4294} Prime
מַטֶּה
matteh
{mat-teh'}
From H5186; a branch (as extending); figuratively a tribe; also a rod, whether for chastising (figuratively correction), ruling (a sceptre), throwing (a lance), or walking (a staff; figuratively a support of life, for example bread).
of bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
in Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם: 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
and they shall eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
by weight, 4948
{4948} Prime
מִשְׁקָל
mishqal
{mish-kawl'}
From H8254; weight (numerically estimated); hence, weighing (the act).
and with care; 1674
{1674} Prime
דְּאָגָה
d@'agah
{deh-aw-gaw'}
From H1672; anxiety.
and they shall drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
water 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
by measure, 4884
{4884} Prime
מְשׂוּרָה
m@suwrah
{mes-oo-raw'}
From an unused root meaning apparently to divide; a measure (for liquids).
and with astonishment: 8078
{8078} Prime
שִׁמָּמוֹן
shimmamown
{shim-maw-mone'}
From H8074; stupefaction.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 4:16

_ _ staff of bread — bread by which life is supported, as a man’s weight is by the staff he leans on (Leviticus 26:26; Psalms 105:16; Isaiah 3:1).

_ _ by weight, and with care — in scant measure (Ezekiel 4:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 4:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 4:16

Moreover he said to me, Son of man, behold, I will break (n) the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall drink water by measure, and in horror:

(n) That is, the force and strength with which it would nourish, (Isaiah 3:1; Ezekiel 14:13).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will:

Ezekiel 5:16 When I shall send upon them the evil arrows of famine, which shall be for [their] destruction, [and] which I will send to destroy you: and I will increase the famine upon you, and will break your staff of bread:
Ezekiel 14:13 Son of man, when the land sinneth against me by trespassing grievously, then will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and will break the staff of the bread thereof, and will send famine upon it, and will cut off man and beast from it:
Leviticus 26:26 [And] when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver [you] your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.
Psalms 105:16 Moreover he called for a famine upon the land: he brake the whole staff of bread.
Isaiah 3:1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water,

eat:
The prophet was allowed each day only twenty shekels weight, or about ten ounces, of the coarse food he had prepared, and the sixth part of a hin, scarcely a pint and a half, of water; all of which was intended to shew that they should be obliged to eat the meanest and coarsest food, and that by weight, and their water by measure.
Ezekiel 4:10-11 And thy meat which thou shalt eat [shall be] by weight, twenty shekels a day: from time to time shalt thou eat it. ... Thou shalt drink also water by measure, the sixth part of an hin: from time to time shalt thou drink.
Ezekiel 12:18-19 Son of man, eat thy bread with quaking, and drink thy water with trembling and with carefulness; ... And say unto the people of the land, Thus saith the Lord GOD of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, [and] of the land of Israel; They shall eat their bread with carefulness, and drink their water with astonishment, that her land may be desolate from all that is therein, because of the violence of all them that dwell therein.
Psalms 60:3 Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
Lamentations 1:11 All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, O LORD, and consider; for I am become vile.
Lamentations 4:9-10 [They that be] slain with the sword are better than [they that be] slain with hunger: for these pine away, stricken through for [want of] the fruits of the field. ... The hands of the pitiful women have sodden their own children: they were their meat in the destruction of the daughter of my people.
Lamentations 5:9 We gat our bread with [the peril of] our lives because of the sword of the wilderness.
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Lv 26:26. Ps 60:3; 105:16. Is 3:1. Lm 1:11; 4:9; 5:9. Ezk 4:10; 5:16; 12:18; 14:13.

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