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Ezekiel 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou shalt eat it [as] barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of man, in their sight.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall eat it as a barley cake, having baked [it] in their sight over human dung.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou shalt eat it [as] barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with human excrement in their sight.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou shalt eat it [as] barley-cake, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, as a barley cake, shalt thou eat it,—and, the same, with dung proceeding from man, shalt thou bake, before their eyes.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A barley-cake thou dost eat it, and it with dung—the filth of man—thou dost bake before their eyes.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou shalt eat it as barley bread baked under the ashes: and thou shalt cover it, in their sight, with the dung that cometh out of a man.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou shalt eate it [as] barley cakes, & thou shalt bake it with doung that commeth out of man in their sight.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt eat them [as] a barley cake: thou shalt bake them before their eyes in man's dung.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And thou shalt eat it [as] barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of man, in their sight.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And thou shalt eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it [as] barley 8184
{8184} Prime
שְׂעֹרָה
s@`orah
{seh-o-raw'}
(The feminine form meaning the plant and the masculine form meaning the grain (second form)); from H8175 in the sense of roughness; barley (as villose).
cakes, 5692
{5692} Prime
עוּגָה
`uggah
{oog-gaw'}
From H5746; an ashcake (as round).
and thou shalt bake 5746
{5746} Prime
עוּג
`uwg
{oog}
A primitive root; properly to gyrate; but used only as denominative from H5692, to bake (round cakes on the hearth).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
with dung 1561
{1561} Prime
גֶּלֶל
gelel
{gay'-lel}
(Chaldee); A variation of H1557; dung (plural balls of dung).
that cometh out 6627
{6627} Prime
צֵאָה
tsa'ah
{tsaw-aw'}
From H3318; issue, that is, (human) excrement.
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
in their sight. 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 4:12

_ _ dung — as fuel; so the Arabs use beasts’ dung, wood fuel being scarce. But to use human dung so implies the most cruel necessity. It was in violation of the law (Deuteronomy 14:3; Deuteronomy 23:12-14); it must therefore have been done only in vision.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 4:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 4:12

As barley cakes — Because they never had enough to make a loaf with, they eat them as barley cakes. With dung — There was no wood left, nor yet dung of other creatures. This also was represented in a vision.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 4:12

And thou shalt eat it [as] barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it (k) with dung that cometh out of man, in their sight.

(k) Signifying by this the great scarcity of fuel and matter to burn.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cakes:
a "round" thing,
Genesis 18:6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead [it], and make cakes upon the hearth.
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