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Ezekiel 39:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You will eat the flesh of mighty men and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, as [though they were] rams, lambs, goats and bulls, all of them fatlings of Bashan.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, [and] of bullocks, all of them fatted beasts of Bashan.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The flesh of mighty men, shall ye eat, And, the blood of the princes of the earth, shall ye drink.—Rams, well-fed lambs and he-goats, bullocks, Fatlings of Bashan, all of them;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Flesh of the mighty ye do eat, And blood of princes of the earth ye drink, Of rams, of lambs, and of he-goats, Of calves, fatlings of Bashan—all of them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and you shall drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, and of lambs, and of he goats, and bullocks, and of all that are well fed and fat.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ye shall eate the flesh of the mightie, and drinke the blood of the princes of the earth, of rammes, of lambes and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ye shall eat the flesh of mighty men, and ye shall drink the blood of princes of the earth, rams, and calves and goats, and they are all fatted calves.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye shall eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the flesh 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
of the mighty, 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
and drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
of the princes 5387
{5387} Prime
נָשִׂיא
nasiy'
{naw-see'}
From H5375; properly an exalted one, that is, a king or sheik; also a rising mist.
of the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of rams, 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
of lambs, 3733
{3733} Prime
כַּר
kar
{kar}
From H3769 in the sense of plumpness; a ram (as full grown and fat), including a battering ram (as butting); hence a meadow (as for sheep); also a pad or camel's saddle (as puffed out).
and of goats, 6260
{6260} Prime
עַתּוּד
`attuwd
{at-tood'}
From H6257; prepared, that is, full grown; spoken only (in plural) of he goats, or (figuratively) leaders of the people.
of bullocks, 6499
{6499} Prime
פַּר
par
{par}
From H6565; a bullock (apparently as breaking forth in wild strength, or perhaps as dividing the hoof).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
of them fatlings 4806
{4806} Prime
מְרִיא
m@riy'
{mer-ee'}
From H4754 in the sense of grossness, through the idea of domineering (compare H4756); stall fed; often (as noun) a beeve.
of Bn בָּשָׁן. 1316
{1316} Prime
בָּשָׁן
Bashan
{baw-shawn'}
Of uncertain derivation; Bashan (often with the article), a region East of the Jordan.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 39:18

_ _ rams ... lambs ... goats — By these various animal victims used in sacrifices are meant various ranks of men, princes, generals, and soldiers (compare Isaiah 34:6).

_ _ fatlings of Bashan — ungodly men of might (Psalms 22:12). Bashan, beyond Jordan, was famed for its fat cattle. Fat implies prosperity which often makes men refractory towards God (Deuteronomy 32:14, Deuteronomy 32:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 39:8-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 39:18

Ye shall eat — In these two and the following verses, God takes on him the person of one that makes a feast, invites his guests, and promises to satisfy them. Of the two former, the first is an Enigmatical invitation, or an invitation in a riddle; the latter is the key to this character. The mighty — Who had great authority, great courage and strength, the giant — like ones, commanders of great note in the army. Princes — Many princes came with their country men and subjects to assist in this war. Rams — These are compared to rams which lead the flock. Lambs — Lambs are the more ordinary in the army. Goats — Goats signify the more lascivious, and impetuous among them. Bullocks — Bullocks, such as though more slow, were of great strength. Fatlings — Well fed. Bashan — A mountain of most rich, and sweet soil.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
eat:

Ezekiel 29:5 And I will leave thee [thrown] into the wilderness, thee and all the fish of thy rivers: thou shalt fall upon the open fields; thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered: I have given thee for meat to the beasts of the field and to the fowls of the heaven.
Ezekiel 34:8 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because [there was] no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;
Revelation 19:17-18 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; ... That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all [men, both] free and bond, both small and great.
Revelation 19:21 And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.

goats:
Heb. great goats,
Ezekiel 34:17 And [as for] you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats.
*marg.

of bullocks:

Psalms 68:30 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in war.
Isaiah 34:7 And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness.
Jeremiah 50:11 Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls;
Jeremiah 50:27 Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation.
Jeremiah 51:40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he goats.

fatlings:

Deuteronomy 32:14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape.
Psalms 22:12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong [bulls] of Bashan have beset me round.
Amos 4:1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:14. Ps 22:12; 68:30. Is 34:7. Jr 50:11, 27; 51:40. Ezk 29:5; 34:8, 17. Am 4:1. Rv 19:17, 21.

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