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Ezekiel 38:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Son of man, set thy face toward Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Son of man, set your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Son of man, Set thy face against, Gog, of the land of the Magog, Prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal,—And prophesy concerning him,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Son of man, set thy face unto Gog, of the land of Magog, prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy concerning him,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Mosoch and Thubal: and prophesy of him,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Sonne of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog the chiefe prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophecie against him,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Son of man, set thy face against Gog, and the land of Magog, Rhos, prince of Mesoch and Tubal{gr.Thobel}, and prophesy against him,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshekh and Tuval, and prophesy against him,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
set 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Gq גּוֹג, 1463
{1463} Prime
גּוֹג
Gowg
{gohg}
Of uncertain derivation; Gog, the name of an Israelite, also of some northern nation.
the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Mqq מָגוֹג, 4031
{4031} Prime
מָגוֹג
Magowg
{maw-gogue'}
From H1463; Magog, a son of Japheth; also a barbarous northern region.
the chief 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
prince 5387
{5387} Prime
נָשִׂיא
nasiy'
{naw-see'}
From H5375; properly an exalted one, that is, a king or sheik; also a rising mist.
of Mee מֶשֶׁך 4902
{4902} Prime
מֶשֶׁךְ
Meshek
{meh'-shek}
The same in form as H4901, but probably of foreign derivation; Meshek, a son of Japheth, and the people descendant from him.
and Tval תּוּבַל, 8422
{8422} Prime
תּוּבַל
Tuwbal
{too-bal'}
Probably of foreign derivation; Tubal, a postdiluvian patriarch and his posterity.
and prophesy 5012
{5012} Prime
נָבָא
naba'
{naw-baw'}
A primitive root; to prophesy, that is, speak (or sing) by inspiration (in prediction or simple discourse).
z8734
<8734> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 118
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him,
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 38:2

_ _ Gog — the prince of the land of Magog. The title was probably a common one of the kings of the country, as “Pharaoh” in Egypt. Chakan was the name given by the Northern Asiatics to their king, and is still a title of the Turkish sultan: “Gog” may be a contraction of this. In Ezekiel’s time a horde of northern Asiatics, termed by the Greeks “Scythians,” and probably including the Moschi and Tibareni, near the Caucasus, here (“Meshech ... Tubal”) undertook an expedition against Egypt [Herodotus, 1.103-106]. These names might be adopted by Ezekiel from the historical fact familiar to men at the time, as ideal titles for the great last anti-Christian confederacy.

_ _ Magog — (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5). The name of a land belonging to Japheth’s posterity. Maha, in Sanskrit, means “land.” Gog is the ideal political head of the region. In Revelation 20:8, Gog and Magog are two peoples.

_ _ the chief prince — rather, “prince of Rosh,” or “Rhos” [Septuagint]. The Scythian Tauri in the Crimea were so called. The Araxes also was called “Rhos.” The modern Russians may have hence assumed their name, as Moscow and Tobolsk from Meshech and Tubal, though their proper ancient name was Slavi, or Wends. Hengstenberg supports English Version, as “Rosh” is not found in the Bible. “Magog was Gog’s original kingdom, though he acquired also Meshech and Tubal, so as to be called their chief prince.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 38:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 38:2

Gog — This cannot be one single person, or prince, though perhaps it points out some one, by whom the troubles foretold were begun. Some believe the time is still to come, wherein this prophecy is to be fulfilled. And that it must intend those enemies of God's church who descended from the Scythians, and are now masters of Cappadocia, Iberia, Armenia, or are in confederacy with the Tartars, and those northern heathens. But others think, all the enemies of Israel in all quarters, both open and secret are here intended, and that the Antichristian forces and combination, are what the prophet foretells. Magog — Magog is, at least, part of Scythia, and comprehends Syria, in which was Hierapolis. taken by the Scythians, and called of them Scythopolis. It is that country, which now is in subjection to the Turks, and may be extended thro' Asia minor, the countries of Sarmatia, and many others, under more than one in succession of time. And in the last time under some one active and daring prince, all their power will be stirred up against Christians.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 38:2

Son of man, set thy face against (a) Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,

(a) Who were a people that came from Magog the son of Japheth, (Genesis 10:2). Magog also here signifies a certain country so that by these two countries which had the government of Greece and Italy he means the principal enemies of the Church, (Revelation 20:8).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Son:

Ezekiel 2:1 And he said unto me, Son of man, stand upon thy feet, and I will speak unto thee.
Ezekiel 39:1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

set:

Ezekiel 6:2 Son of man, set thy face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them,
Ezekiel 20:46 Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;
Ezekiel 25:2 Son of man, set thy face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them;
Ezekiel 35:2-3 Son of man, set thy face against mount Seir, and prophesy against it, ... And say unto it, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O mount Seir, I [am] against thee, and I will stretch out mine hand against thee, and I will make thee most desolate.

Gog:
Rather, "Gog (the prince) of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal." By Magog is most probably meant the Scythians or Tartars, called so by Arabian and Syrian writers, and especially the Turks, who were originally natives of Tartary; and by Rosh, the Russians, descendants of the ancient inhabitants on the river Araxes or Rosh.
Revelation 20:8-9 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom [is] as the sand of the sea. ... And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.

Magog:

Genesis 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
1 Chronicles 1:5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

the chief prince of:
or, prince of the chief of

Meshech:

Ezekiel 27:13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they [were] thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.
Ezekiel 32:26 There [is] Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves [are] round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:2. 1Ch 1:5. Is 66:19. Ezk 2:1; 6:2; 20:46; 25:2; 27:13; 32:26; 35:2; 39:1. Rv 20:8.

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What is a preterist view on this passage?
- Daw (4/27/2012 3:40:25 PM)
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