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Ezekiel 34:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they were scattered, because there was no shepherd; and they became food to all the beasts of the field, and were scattered.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they were scattered, because [there is] no shepherd: and they became meat to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “They were scattered for lack of a shepherd, and they became food for every beast of the field and were scattered.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they were scattered, because [there is] no shepherd: and they became food to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they were scattered because there was no shepherd; and they became meat to all the beasts of the field, and were scattered.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they were scattered, because there was no shepherd; And they became food for every wild beast of the field, So were they scattered.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they are scattered from want of a shepherd, And are for food to every beast of the field, Yea, they are scattered.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And my sheep were scattered, because there was no shepherd and they became the prey of all the beasts of the field, and were scattered.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they were scattered because [there is] no shepheard: and they became meate to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And my sheep were scattered, because there were no shepherds: and they became meat to all the wild beasts of the field.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they were scattered, because [there is] no shepherd: and they became meat to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they were scattered, 6327
{6327} Prime
פּוּץ
puwts
{poots}
A primitive root; to dash in pieces, literally or figuratively (especially to disperse).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
because [there is] no x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x1097
(1097) Complement
בְּלִי
b@liy
{bel-ee'}
From H1086; properly failure, that is, nothing or destruction; usually (with preposition) without, not yet, because not, as long as, etc.
shepherd: 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and they became x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
meat 402
{0402} Prime
אָכְלָה
'oklah
{ok-law'}
Feminine of H0401; food.
to all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the beasts 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
of the field, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
when they were scattered. 6327
{6327} Prime
פּוּץ
puwts
{poots}
A primitive root; to dash in pieces, literally or figuratively (especially to disperse).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 34:5

_ _ scattered, because ... no shepherd — that is, none worthy of the name, though there were some called shepherds (1 Kings 22:17; Matthew 9:36). Compare Matthew 26:31, where the sheep were scattered when the true Shepherd was smitten. God calls them “My sheep”; for they were not, as the shepherds treated them, their patrimony whereby to “feed themselves.”

_ _ meat to all ... beasts — They became a prey to the Syrians, Ammon, Moab, and Assyria.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 34:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 34:5

No shepherd — No vigilant, faithful shepherd. Became meat — Were made a prey of, and devoured by all their neighbours.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 34:5

And they were scattered, because [there is] no shepherd: and they (d) became food to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.

(d) For lack of good government and doctrine they perished.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they were:

Ezekiel 34:6 My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and upon every high hill: yea, my flock was scattered upon all the face of the earth, and none did search or seek [after them].
Ezekiel 33:21 And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth [month], in the fifth [day] of the month, [that] one that had escaped out of Jerusalem came unto me, saying, The city is smitten.
Ezekiel 33:28 For I will lay the land most desolate, and the pomp of her strength shall cease; and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, that none shall pass through.
1 Kings 22:17 And he said, I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master: let them return every man to his house in peace.
2 Chronicles 18:16 Then he said, I did see all Israel scattered upon the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master; let them return [therefore] every man to his house in peace.
Jeremiah 23:2 Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 50:6 My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away [on] the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace.
Jeremiah 50:17 Israel [is] a scattered sheep; the lions have driven [him] away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones.
Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man [that is] my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.
Matthew 9:36 But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

because there is no shepherd:
or, without a shepherd, and so
Ezekiel 34:8 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because [there was] no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;
Zechariah 10:2-3 For the idols have spoken vanity, and the diviners have seen a lie, and have told false dreams; they comfort in vain: therefore they went their way as a flock, they were troubled, because [there was] no shepherd. ... Mine anger was kindled against the shepherds, and I punished the goats: for the LORD of hosts hath visited his flock the house of Judah, and hath made them as his goodly horse in the battle.

and they became:

Ezekiel 34:8 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because [there was] no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;
Isaiah 56:9 All ye beasts of the field, come to devour, [yea], all ye beasts in the forest.
Jeremiah 12:9-12 Mine heritage [is] unto me [as] a speckled bird, the birds round about [are] against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour. ... The spoilers are come upon all high places through the wilderness: for the sword of the LORD shall devour from the [one] end of the land even to the [other] end of the land: no flesh shall have peace.
John 10:2 But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
Acts 20:29-31 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. ... Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 22:17. 2Ch 18:16. Is 56:9. Jr 12:9; 23:2; 50:6, 17. Ezk 33:21, 28; 34:6, 8. Zc 10:2; 13:7. Mt 9:36. Jn 10:2. Ac 20:29.

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