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Ezekiel 34:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then I will set over them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will feed them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David: he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And I will raise up over them one shepherd, And he shall tend them, Even my servant David,—He, will tend them, And, he, will become to them a shepherd;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And have raised up over them one shepherd, And he hath fed them—my servant David, He doth feed them, and he is their shepherd,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I WILL SET UP ONE SHEPHERD OVER THEM, and he shall feed them, even my servant David: he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I will set vp one shepheard ouer them, and hee shall feede them, [euen] my seruant Dauid; he shall feede them, and hee shall be their shepheard.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will raise up one shepherd over them, and he shall tend them, [even] my servant David, and he shall be their shepherd;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant Dawid; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I will set up 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
shepherd 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them, and he shall feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
them, [even] x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
my servant 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
Dwi דָּוִד; 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
he shall feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them, and he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
their shepherd. 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 34:23

_ _ set up — that is, raise up by divine appointment; alluding to the declaration of God to David, “I will set up thy seed after thee” (2 Samuel 7:12); and, “Yet have I set My king on My holy hill of Zion” (Psalms 2:6; compare Acts 2:30; Acts 13:23).

_ _ one shepherd — literally, “a Shepherd, one”: singularly and pre-eminently one: the only one of His kind, to whom none is comparable (Song of Songs 5:10). The Lord Jesus refers to this prophecy (John 10:14), “I am THE Good Shepherd.” Also “one” as uniting in one the heretofore divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah, and also “gathering together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and on earth” (Ephesians 1:10); thus healing worse breaches than that between Israel and Judah (Colossians 1:20). “God by Him reconciling all things unto Himself, whether things in earth or in heaven.”

_ _ David — the antitypical David, Messiah, of the seed of David, which no other king after the captivity was: who was fully, what David was only in a degree, “the man after God’s own heart.” Also, David means beloved: Messiah was truly God’s beloved Son (Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 3:17). Shepherd means King, rather than religious instructor; in this pre-eminently He was the true David, who was the Shepherd King (Luke 1:32, Luke 1:33). Messiah is called “David” in Isaiah 55:3, Isaiah 55:4; Jeremiah 30:9; Hosea 3:5.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 34:17-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 34:23

One shepherd — Christ, the great good, chief, only shepherd, that laid down his life for his sheep. My servant David — The seed of David, the beloved one, who was typified by David, and is in other places called by his name, as Jeremiah 30:9; Ezekiel 37:24; Isaiah 37:35; Hosea 3:5. He shall feed — Do all the office of a good and faithful shepherd, and that for ever.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 34:23

And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant (k) David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.

(k) Meaning Christ, of whom David was a figure, See Jeremiah 30:9

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will:

Ecclesiastes 12:11 The words of the wise [are] as goads, and as nails fastened [by] the masters of assemblies, [which] are given from one shepherd.
Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
Jeremiah 23:4-6 And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Micah 5:2-5 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting. ... And this [man] shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man [that is] my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.
John 10:11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
1 Peter 2:25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.
1 Peter 5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

my servant:
David king of Israel had been dead upwards of 400 years; and from that time till now there never has been a ruler of any kind in the Jewish nation of the name of David. By David, then, we must understand the Messiah, as the Jews themselves acknowledge, so called because descended from him, and also as being the well beloved, ο αγαπητος, Son of the Father, as the name imports, and in whom all the promises made to David were fulfilled. See the references.
Ezekiel 37:24-25 And David my servant [shall be] king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them. ... And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, [even] they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David [shall be] their prince for ever.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Isaiah 55:3-4 Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David. ... Behold, I have given him [for] a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.
Jeremiah 30:9 But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them.
Hosea 3:5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD their God, and David their king; and shall fear the LORD and his goodness in the latter days.
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ec 12:11. Is 11:1; 40:11; 55:3. Jr 23:4; 30:9. Ezk 37:24. Ho 3:5. Mi 5:2. Zc 13:7. Jn 10:11. He 13:20. 1P 2:25; 5:4. Rv 22:16.

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