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Ezekiel 32:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There is Meshech, Tubal, and all their multitude; their graves are round about them; all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for they caused their terror in the land of the living.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— There [is] Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves [are] round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Meshech, Tubal and all their hordes are there; their graves surround them. All of them were slain by the sword uncircumcised, though they instilled their terror in the land of the living.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— There [is] Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves [are] around him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There is Meshech, Tubal, and all their multitude, their graves round about them, all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— There, are Meshech-Tubal and all her multitude, Round about it, are her graves,—All of them, uncircumcised, Who were thrust through with the sword, For that they made themselves a terror in the land of the living;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— There [is] Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude, Round about him [are] her graves, All of them uncircumcised, pierced of the sword, For they gave their terror in the land of the living,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— There is Mosoch, and Thubal, and all their multitude: their graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised and slain, and fallen by the sword: though they spread their terror in the land of the living.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— There [is] Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graues [are] round about him: all of them vncircumcised, slaine by the sword, though they caused their terrour in the land of the liuing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— There were laid Mosoch, and Tubal{gr.Thobel}, and all his strength round about his tomb: all his slain men, all the uncircumcised, slain with the sword, who caused their fear to be in the land of the living.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— There [is] Meshekh, Tuval, and all her multitude: her graves [are] round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
There x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
[is] Meše¢ מֶשֶׁך, 4902
{4902} Prime
מֶשֶׁךְ
Meshek
{meh'-shek}
The same in form as H4901, but probably of foreign derivation; Meshek, a son of Japheth, and the people descendant from him.
Tūval תּוּבַל, 8422
{8422} Prime
תּוּבַל
Tuwbal
{too-bal'}
Probably of foreign derivation; Tubal, a postdiluvian patriarch and his posterity.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
her multitude: 1995
{1995} Prime
הָמוֹן
hamown
{haw-mone'}
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
her graves 6913
{6913} Prime
קֶבֶר
qeber
{keh'-ber}
From H6912; a sepulchre.
[are] round about 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
him: all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
of them uncircumcised, 6189
{6189} Prime
עָרֵל
`arel
{aw-rale'}
From H6188; properly exposed, that is, projecting loose (as to the prepuce); used only technically uncircumcised (that is, still having the prepuce uncurtailed).
slain 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
by the sword, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
though x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they caused 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their terror 2851
{2851} Prime
חִתִּית
chittiyth
{khit-teeth'}
From H2865; fear.
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of the living. 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 32:26

_ _ Meshech, Tubal — northern nations: the Moschi and Tibareni, between the Black and Caspian Seas. Herodotus [3.94], mentions them as a subjugated people, tributaries to Darius Hystaspes (see Ezekiel 27:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 32:17-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 32:26

Her multitude — With the Cappadocians and Albanians, the Scythians may be included, many of whom were next neighbors to them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 32:26

There [is] (q) Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves [are] around him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

(q) That is, the Capadocians and Italians or Spaniards, as Josephus writes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Meshech:
Supposed to be the Moschi, a people between Iberia and Armenia, from whom, probably the Muscovites are descended.
Ezekiel 27:13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they [were] thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.
Ezekiel 38:2-3 Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him, ... And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
Ezekiel 39:1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
Genesis 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
Genesis 10:12 And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same [is] a great city.
1 Chronicles 1:5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Tubal:
Probably the Tibarenians, a people of Pontus, west of the Moschians.

all of:

Ezekiel 32:19-20 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised. ... They shall fall in the midst of [them that are] slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes.
Ezekiel 32:24 There [is] Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.

caused:

Ezekiel 32:23 Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.
Ezekiel 32:27 And they shall not lie with the mighty [that are] fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though [they were] the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.
Ezekiel 32:32 For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that are] slain with the sword, [even] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
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Gn 10:2, 12. 1Ch 1:5. Ezk 27:13; 32:19, 23, 24, 27, 32; 38:2; 39:1.

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