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Ezekiel 32:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, [even] her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Son of man, wail for the hordes of Egypt and bring it down, her and the daughters of the powerful nations, to the nether world, with those who go down to the pit;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, [even] her, and the daughters of the famous nations, to the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, her and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the lower parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Son of man, Wail thou over the multitude of Egypt, and cause it to descend—her and the daughters of the famous nations—into the earth below, with them who descend into the pit.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Son of man, Wail for the multitude of Egypt, And cause it to go down, It—and the daughters of honourable nations, Unto the earth—the lower parts, With those going down to the pit.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Son of man, sing a mournful song for the multitude of Egypt: and cast her down, both her, and the daughters of the mighty nations to the lowest part of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Sonne of man, waile for the multitude of Egypt, & cast them downe, [euen] her, and the daughters of the famous nations, vnto the nether parts of the earth, with them that goe downe into the pit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Son of man, lament over the strength of Mizraim{gr.Egypt}, for the nations shall bring down her daughters dead to the depth of the earth, to them that go down to the pit.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Son of man, wail for the multitude of Mitzrayim, and cast them down, [even] her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
wail 5091
{5091} Prime
נָהָה
nahah
{naw-haw'}
A primitive root; to groan, that is, bewail; hence (through the idea of crying aloud) to assemble (as if on proclamation).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the multitude 1995
{1995} Prime
הָמוֹן
hamown
{haw-mone'}
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם, 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
and cast them down, 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
[even] her, and the daughters 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of the famous 117
{0117} Prime
אַדִּיר
'addiyr
{ad-deer'}
From H0142; wide or (generally) large; figuratively powerful.
nations, 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the nether parts 8482
{8482} Prime
תַּחְתִּי
tachtiy
{takh-tee'}
From H8478; lowermost; as noun (feminine plural) the depths (figuratively a pit, the womb).
of the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
them that go down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
into the pit. 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 32:18

_ _ cast them down — that is, predict that they shall be cast down (so Jeremiah 1:10). The prophet’s word was God’s, and carried with it its own fulfillment.

_ _ daughters of ... nations — that is, the nations with their peoples. Egypt is to share the fate of other ancient nations once famous, now consigned to oblivion: Elam (Ezekiel 32:24), Meshech, etc. (Ezekiel 32:26), Edom (Ezekiel 32:29), Zidon (Ezekiel 32:30).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 32:17-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 32:18

Wail — Prepare the funeral ceremonies at the burial of Egypt. The daughters — And celebrate the funerals of other cities and kingdoms that lie buried in their own ruins. The nether parts of the earth — A well known description of the state of the dead. The pit — The Egyptians affected to be buried in the Pyramids, and their kings, and great ones, would be laid by themselves; but Ezekiel provides them their grave among common people, being buried just where they fall.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 32:18

Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and (k) cast them down, [even] her, and the daughters of the famous nations, to the lower parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.

(k) That is, prophecy that they will be cast down: thus the Lord gives his prophets power both to plant and to destroy by his word, read (Jeremiah 1:10).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wail:

Ezekiel 32:2 Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou art like a young lion of the nations, and thou [art] as a whale in the seas: and thou camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy feet, and fouledst their rivers.
Ezekiel 32:16 This [is] the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, [even] for Egypt, and for all her multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 21:6-7 Sigh therefore, thou son of man, with the breaking of [thy] loins; and with bitterness sigh before their eyes. ... And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak [as] water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.
Isaiah 16:9 Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen.
Micah 1:8 Therefore I will wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will make a wailing like the dragons, and mourning as the owls.
Luke 19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.

cast:
That is, predict that they shall be cast down.
Ezekiel 43:3 And [it was] according to the appearance of the vision which I saw, [even] according to the vision that I saw when I came to destroy the city: and the visions [were] like the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face.
Jeremiah 1:10 See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.
Hosea 6:5 Therefore have I hewed [them] by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments [are as] the light [that] goeth forth.

the daughters:
The cities and colonies of the celebrated nations afterwards enumerated.

unto the:

Ezekiel 32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
Ezekiel 32:24-32 There [is] Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit. ... For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that are] slain with the sword, [even] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 26:20 When I shall bring thee down with them that descend into the pit, with the people of old time, and shall set thee in the low parts of the earth, in places desolate of old, with them that go down to the pit, that thou be not inhabited; and I shall set glory in the land of the living;
Ezekiel 31:14 To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.
Psalms 30:9 What profit [is there] in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth?
Psalms 63:9 But those [that] seek my soul, to destroy [it], shall go into the lower parts of the earth.
Isaiah 14:15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 30:9; 63:9. Is 14:15; 16:9. Jr 1:10. Ezk 21:6; 26:20; 31:14; 32:2, 16, 21, 24; 43:3. Ho 6:5. Mi 1:8. Lk 19:41. Ro 12:15.

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