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Ezekiel 31:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The cedars in the garden of God could not hide it; the fir-trees were not like its boughs, and the plane-trees were not as its branches; nor was any tree in the garden of God like unto it in its beauty.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘The cedars in God’s garden could not match it; The cypresses could not compare with its boughs, And the plane trees could not match its branches. No tree in God’s garden could compare with it in its beauty.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir-trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut-trees were not like his branches; not any tree in the garden of God was like to him in his beauty.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him; the cypresses were not like his boughs, and the plane-trees were not as his branches: no tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Cedars, hid him not, in the garden of God, Fir-trees, were not like unto his boughs, Nor, plane-trees, like his branches,—No tree in the garden of God, was like unto him, in his beauty.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Cedars have not hid him in the garden of God, Firs have not been like unto his boughs, And chesnut-trees have not been as his branches, No tree in the garden of God hath been like unto him in his beauty,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The cedars in the paradise of God were not higher than he, the fir trees did not equal his top, neither were the plane trees to be compared with him for branches: no tree in the paradise of God was like him in his beauty.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the Firre trees were not like his boughes, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches: not any tree in the garden of God, was like vnto him in his beautie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And such cypresses [as this] were in the paradise of God; and there were no pines like his shoots, and there were no firs like his branches: no tree in the paradise of God was like him in his beauty,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The cedars in the garden of Elohim could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of Elohim was like unto him in his beauty.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The cedars 730
{0730} Prime
אֶרֶז
'erez
{eh-rez'}
From H0729; a cedar tree (from the tenacity of its roots).
in the garden 1588
{1588} Prime
גָּן
gan
{gan}
From H1598; a garden (as fenced).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
could not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hide 6004
{6004} Prime
עָמַם
`amam
{aw-mam'}
A primitive root; to associate; by implication to overshadow (by huddling together).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him: the fir trees 1265
{1265} Prime
בְּרוֹשׁ
b@rowsh
{ber-osh'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cypress tree (perhaps); hence a lance or a musical instrument (as made of that wood).
were not like 1819
{1819} Prime
דָּמָה
damah
{daw-maw'}
A primitive root; to compare; by implication to resemble, liken, consider.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his boughs, 5589
{5589} Prime
סְעַפָּה
c@`appah
{seh-ap-paw'}
Feminine of H5585; a twig.
and the chesnut trees 6196
{6196} Prime
עֶרְמוֹן
`armown
{ar-mone'}
Probably from H6191; the plane tree (from its smooth and shed bark).
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
like his branches; 6288
{6288} Prime
פְּאֹרָה
p@'orah
{peh-o-raw'}
From H6286; properly ornamentation, that is, (plural) foliage (including the limbs) as bright green.
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
any x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
tree 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
in the garden 1588
{1588} Prime
גָּן
gan
{gan}
From H1598; a garden (as fenced).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
was like 1819
{1819} Prime
דָּמָה
damah
{daw-maw'}
A primitive root; to compare; by implication to resemble, liken, consider.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him in his beauty. 3308
{3308} Prime
יֳפִי
yophiy
{yof-ee'}
From H3302; beauty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 31:8

_ _ cedars ... could not hide him — could not outtop him. No other king eclipsed him.

_ _ were not like — were not comparable to.

_ _ garden of God — As in the case of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13), the imagery, that is applied to the Assyrian king, is taken from Eden; peculiarly appropriate, as Eden was watered by rivers that afterwards watered Assyria (Genesis 2:10-14). This cedar seemed to revive in itself all the glories of paradise, so that no tree there outtopped it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 31:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 31:8

The cedars — The greatest kings. Garden of God — In the most fruitful gardens. Hide — Could not ever top, and shade him. The fir — trees — Lesser kings, and kingdoms, were not equal to his boughs. Nor any tree — All summed up, none like him in all the kingdoms of the world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 31:8

The cedars in the garden (d) of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; not any tree in the garden of God was like him in his beauty.

(d) Signifying that there was no greater power in the world than his was.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cedars:

Ezekiel 28:13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
Genesis 2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Genesis 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it [was] well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [even] as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Psalms 80:10 The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof [were like] the goodly cedars.
Isaiah 51:3 For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.

nor any:

Psalms 37:35 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.
Isaiah 10:7-14 Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but [it is] in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few. ... And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs [that are] left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.
Isaiah 36:4-18 And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence [is] this wherein thou trustest? ... [Beware] lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, The LORD will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?
Isaiah 37:11-13 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands by destroying them utterly; and shalt thou be delivered? ... Where [is] the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah?
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Gn 2:8; 13:10. Ps 37:35; 80:10. Is 10:7; 36:4; 37:11; 51:3. Ezk 28:13.

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