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Ezekiel 31:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The waters nourished it, the deep made it to grow: the rivers thereof ran round about its plantation; and it sent out its channels unto all the trees of the field.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent out her little rivers unto all the trees of the field.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘The waters made it grow, the deep made it high. With its rivers it continually extended all around its planting place, And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round his plants, and sent out her little rivers to all the trees of the field.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high; its streams ran round about his plantation, and it sent out its rivulets unto all the trees of the field.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The waters, made him great, the roaring deep, made him high,—with its currents going round about the place where it was planted, Its channels also, it sent forth unto all the trees of the field.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Waters have made it great, The deep hath exalted him with its flowings, Going round about its planting, And its conduits it hath sent forth unto all trees of the field.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The waters nourished him, the deep set him tip on high, the streams thereof ran round about his roots, and it sent, forth its rivulets to all the trees of the country.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The waters made him great, the deepe set him vp on high with her riuers running round about his plants, and sent out her little riuers vnto all the trees of the field.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The water nourished him, the depth made him grow tall; she led her rivers round about his plants, and she sent forth her streams to all the trees of the field.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent out her little rivers unto all the trees of the field.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
made him great, 1431
{1431} Prime
גָּדַל
gadal
{gaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to twist (compare H1434), that is, to be (causatively make) large (in various senses, as in body, mind, estate or honor, also in pride).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the deep 8415
{8415} Prime
תְּהוֹם
t@howm
{teh-home'}
(Usually feminine) from H1949; an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water supply).
set him up on high 7311
{7311} Prime
רוּם
ruwm
{room}
A primitive root; to be high actively to rise or raise (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z8790
<8790> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 41
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
her rivers 5104
{5104} Prime
נָהָר
nahar
{naw-hawr'}
From H5102; a stream (including the sea; especially the Nile, Euphrates, etc.); figuratively, prosperity.
running 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
round about 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
his plants, 4302
{4302} Prime
מַטָּע
matta`
{mat-taw'}
From H5193; something planted, that is, the place (a garden or vineyard), or the thing (a plant, figuratively of men); by implication the act, planting.
and sent out 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
her little rivers 8585
{8585} Prime
תְּעָלָה
t@`alah
{teh-aw-law'}
From H5927; a channel (into which water is raised for irrigation); also a bandage or plaster (as placed upon a wound).
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the trees 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of the field. 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 31:4

_ _ waters ... little rivers — the Tigris with its branches and “rivulets,” or “conduits” for irrigation, the source of Assyria’s fertility. “The deep” is the ever flowing water, never dry. Metaphorically, for Assyria’s resources, as the “conduits” are her colonies.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 31:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 31:4

The waters — Cedars grow great by the water — courses. The deep — The sea sent out her waters, which gave being to the rivers, that watered him. His plants — The provinces of this mighty kingdom, that were like plants about a great tree. All the trees — To all his subjects.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 31:4

The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round his plants, and sent out her (c) little rivers to all the trees of the field.

(c) Many other nations were under their dominion.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
waters:

Ezekiel 17:5 He took also of the seed of the land, and planted it in a fruitful field; he placed [it] by great waters, [and] set it [as] a willow tree.
Ezekiel 17:8 It was planted in a good soil by great waters, that it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, that it might be a goodly vine.
Proverbs 14:28 In the multitude of people [is] the king's honour: but in the want of people [is] the destruction of the prince.
Jeremiah 51:36 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.
Revelation 17:1 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:
Revelation 17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.

made him great:
or, nourished him

set:
or, brought, little rivers. or, conduits.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 14:28. Jr 51:36. Ezk 17:5, 8. Rv 17:1, 15.

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