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Ezekiel 31:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a forest-like shade, and of high stature; and its top was among the thick boughs.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, the Assyrian [was] a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Behold, Assyria [was] a cedar in Lebanon With beautiful branches and forest shade, And very high, And its top was among the clouds.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, the Assyrian [was] a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shady cover, and of a high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon, with fair branches and a shadowing shroud, and of a high stature: and his top was amidst the thick boughs.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! Assyria, was a cedar in Lebanon, Beautiful in bough, and, Dense in foliage, and, Lofty in stature,—and, Among the clouds, came to be his top:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, Asshur, a cedar in Lebanon, Fair in branch, and shading bough, and high in stature, And between thickets hath its foliage been.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold, the Assyrian like a cedar in Libanus, with fair branches, and full of leaves, of a high stature, and his top was elevated among the thick boughs.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, the Assyrian [was] a Cedar in Lebanon with faire branches, and with a shadowing shrowd, and of an hie stature, and his top was among the thicke boughes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Behold, the Assyrian was a cypress in Lebanon{gr.Libanus}, and was fair in shoots, and high in stature: his top reached to the midst of the clouds.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, the Ashshur [was] a cedar in Levanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
the Ar אַשּׁוּר 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
[was] a cedar 730
{0730} Prime
אֶרֶז
'erez
{eh-rez'}
From H0729; a cedar tree (from the tenacity of its roots).
in Lvnn לְבָנוֹן 3844
{3844} Prime
לְבָנוֹן
L@banown
{leb-aw-nohn'}
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
with fair 3303
{3303} Prime
יָפֶה
yapheh
{yaw-feh'}
From H3302; beautiful (literally of figuratively).
branches, 6057
{6057} Prime
עָנָף
`anaph
{aw-nawf'}
From an unused root meaning to cover; a twig (as covering the limbs).
and with a shadowing 6751
{6751} Prime
צָלַל
tsalal
{tsaw-lal'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H6749 through the idea of hovering over (compare H6754)); to shade, as twilight or an opaque object.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
shroud, 2793
{2793} Prime
חֹרֶשׁ
choresh
{kho'-resh}
From H2790; a forest (perhaps as furnishing the material for fabric).
and of an high 1362
{1362} Prime
גָּבָהּ
gabahh
{gaw-bawh'}
From H1361; lofty (literally or figuratively).
stature; 6967
{6967} Prime
קוֹמָה
qowmah
{ko-maw'}
From H6965; height.
and his top 6788
{6788} Prime
צַמֶּרֶת
tsammereth
{tsam-meh'-reth}
From the same as H6785; fleeciness, that is, foliage.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
among x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
the thick boughs. 5688
{5688} Prime
עֲבֹת
`aboth
{ab-oth'}
The same as H5687; something intwined, that is, a string, wreath or foliage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 31:3

_ _ He illustrates the pride and the consequent overthrow of the Assyrian, that Egypt may the better know what she must expect.

_ _ cedar in Lebanon — often eighty feet high, and the diameter of the space covered by its boughs still greater: the symmetry perfect. Compare the similar image (Ezekiel 17:3; Daniel 4:20-22).

_ _ with a shadowing shroud — with an overshadowing thicket.

_ _ top ... among ... thick boughs — rather [Hengstenberg], “among the clouds.” But English Version agrees better with the Hebrew. The top, or topmost shoot, represents the king; the thick boughs, the large resources of the empire.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 31:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 31:3

A cedar — Like the most goodly cedar for strength and beauty.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Assyrian:

Nahum 3:1-19 Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robbery; the prey departeth not; ... [There is] no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?
Zephaniah 2:13 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; and will make Nineveh a desolation, [and] dry like a wilderness.

a cedar:

Ezekiel 17:3-4 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; A great eagle with great wings, longwinged, full of feathers, which had divers colours, came unto Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the cedar: ... He cropped off the top of his young twigs, and carried it into a land of traffick; he set it in a city of merchants.
Ezekiel 17:22 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also take of the highest branch of the high cedar, and will set [it]; I will crop off from the top of his young twigs a tender one, and will plant [it] upon an high mountain and eminent:
Isaiah 10:33-34 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature [shall be] hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. ... And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.
Isaiah 37:24 By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, [and] the forest of his Carmel.
Daniel 4:10 Thus [were] the visions of mine head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof [was] great.
Daniel 4:20-23 The tree that thou sawest, which grew, and was strong, whose height reached unto the heaven, and the sight thereof to all the earth; ... And whereas the king saw a watcher and an holy one coming down from heaven, and saying, Hew the tree down, and destroy it; yet leave the stump of the roots thereof in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and [let] his portion [be] with the beasts of the field, till seven times pass over him;
Zechariah 11:2 Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.

with fair branches:
Heb. fair of branches

of an high:

Ezekiel 31:6 All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.
Judges 9:15 And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, [then] come [and] put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon.
Daniel 4:12 The leaves thereof [were] fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it [was] meat for all: the beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the fowls of the heaven dwelt in the boughs thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 9:15. Is 10:33; 37:24. Ezk 17:3, 22; 31:6. Dn 4:10, 12, 20. Na 3:1. Zp 2:13. Zc 11:2.

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