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Ezekiel 31:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: In the day when he went down to Sheol I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the rivers thereof; and the great waters were stayed; and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “On the day when it went down to Sheol I caused lamentations; I closed the deep over it and held back its rivers. And [its] many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained its floods, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: In the day when he went down to Sheol, I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed; and I made Lebanon black for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, saith My Lord, Yahweh, In the day when he descended into hades, I caused a mourning, I covered over him the roaring deep, And restrained the currents thereof, And stayed, were the mighty waters,—So caused I gloom over him unto Lebanon, And, all the trees of the field, for him, were covered with a shroud.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thus said the Lord Jehovah: In the day of his going down to sheol I have caused mourning, I have covered for him the deep, and diminish its flowings, And restrained are many waters, And I make Lebanon black for him, And all trees of the field have been covered for him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thus saith the Lord God: In the day when he went down to hell, I brought in mourning, I covered him with the deep: and I withheld its rivers, and restrained the many waters: Libanus grieved for him, and all the trees of the field trembled.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thus saith the Lord GOD, In the day when hee went downe to the graue, I caused a mourning, I couered the deepe for him, and I restrained the floods therof, and the great waters were stayed; and I caused Lebanon to mourne for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thus saith the Lord God; In the day wherein he went down to the grave{gr.Hades}, the deep mourned for him: and I stayed her floods, and restrained her abundance of water: and Lebanon{gr.Libanus} saddened for him, all the trees of the field fainted for him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thus saith Adonay Yahweh; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Levanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה; 3069
{3069} Prime
יֱהוִה
Y@hovih
{yeh-ho-vee'}
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
In the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
when he went down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to the grave 7585
{7585} Prime
שְׁאוֹל
sh@'owl
{sheh-ole'}
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
I caused a mourning: 56
{0056} Prime
אָבַל
'abal
{aw-bal'}
A primitive root; to bewail.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
I covered 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the deep 8415
{8415} Prime
תְּהוֹם
t@howm
{teh-home'}
(Usually feminine) from H1949; an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water supply).
for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, and I restrained 4513
{4513} Prime
מָנַע
mana`
{maw-nah'}
A primitive root; to debar (negatively or positively) from benefit or injury.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the floods 5104
{5104} Prime
נָהָר
nahar
{naw-hawr'}
From H5102; a stream (including the sea; especially the Nile, Euphrates, etc.); figuratively, prosperity.
thereof, and the great 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
were stayed: 3607
{3607} Prime
כָּלָא
kala'
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to restrict, by act (hold back or in) or word (prohibit).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
and I caused Lvnn לְבָנוֹן 3844
{3844} Prime
לְבָנוֹן
L@banown
{leb-aw-nohn'}
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
to mourn 6937
{6937} Prime
קָדַר
qadar
{kaw-dar'}
A primitive root; to be ashy, that is, dark colored; by implication to mourn (in sackcloth or sordid garments).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the trees 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
fainted 5969
{5969} Prime
עֻלְפֶּה
`ulpeh
{ool-peh'}
From H5968; an envelope, that is, (figuratively) mourning.
for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 31:15

_ _ covered the deep — as mourners cover their heads in token of mourning, “I made the deep that watered the cedar” to wrap itself in mourning for him. The waters of the deep are the tributary peoples of Assyria (Revelation 17:15).

_ _ fainted — literally, were “faintness” (itself); more forcible than the verb.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 31:10-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 31:15

He — The king of Assyria. A mourning — There was much lamentation. Fainted — Probably there were portentous signs in the sea, and great waters, and the rivers, and among the trees.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 31:15

Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I (g) covered the deep for him, and I restrained its floods, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.

(g) The deep waters that caused him to mount so high (meaning his great abundance and pomp) will now lament as though they were covered with sackcloth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I caused a:
The deep and all the mighty rivers which cherished this fair tree are here described as mourning at his downfall. They stop their usual courses to bewail his fate, and Lebanon with all its stately trees (his confederates and allies), sympathise with him in his misfortunes.
Nahum 2:8-10 But Nineveh [is] of old like a pool of water: yet they shall flee away. Stand, stand, [shall they cry]; but none shall look back. ... She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain [is] in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.
Revelation 18:9-11 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning, ... And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more:
Revelation 18:18-19 And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What [city is] like unto this great city! ... And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.

mourn:
Heb. be black,
Malachi 3:4 Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in the days of old, and as in former years.
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Na 2:8. Mal 3:4. Rv 18:9, 18.

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