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Ezekiel 30:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— At Tehaphnehes also the day shall withdraw itself, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt, and the pride of her power shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “In Tehaphnehes the day will be dark When I break there the yoke bars of Egypt. Then the pride of her power will cease in her; A cloud will cover her, And her daughters will go into captivity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And at Tehaphnehes the day shall be darkened, when I break there the yokes of Egypt, and the pride of her strength shall cease in her; as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, in Tehaphnehes, hath the day become dark, Because I have broken, there, the yoke-bars of Egypt, And there shall be made to cease therein the pride of her strength,—She, a cloud, shall cover her! And, her daughters, into captivity, shall wend their way.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And in Tehaphnehes hath the day been dark, In My breaking there the yokes of Egypt, And ceased in her hath the excellency of her strength, She—a cloud doth cover her, And her daughters into captivity do go.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And in Taphnis the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the sceptres of Egypt, and the pride of her power shall cease in her: a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall be led into captivity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— At Tehaphnehes also the day shalbe darkened when I shall breake there the yokes of Egypt: & the pompe of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall couer her, and her daughters shall goe into captiuitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the day shall be darkened in Taphnae, when I have broken there the scepters of Mizraim{gr.Egypt}: and the pride of her strength shall perish there: and a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall be taken prisoners.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— At Techafneches also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Mitzrayim: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
At Tafns תְּחַפנְחֵס 8471
{8471} Prime
תַּחְפַּנְחֵס
Tachpanchec
{takh-pan-khace'}
(The second form used in Ezekiel 30:18); (the third form used in Jeremiah 2:16); of Egyptian derivation; Tachpanches, Techaphneches or Tachpenes, a place in Egypt.
also the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
shall be darkened, 2820
{2820} Prime
חָשַׂךְ
chasak
{khaw-sak'}
A prim root; to restrain or (reflexively) refrain; by implication to refuse, spare, preserve; also (by interchange with H2821) to observe.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
y2821
[2821] Standard
חָשַׁךְ
chashak
{khaw-shak'}
A primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively to darken.
z8676
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
when I shall break 7665
{7665} Prime
שָׁבַר
shabar
{shaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the yokes 4133
{4133} Prime
מוֹטָה
mowtah
{mo-taw'}
Feminine of H4132; a pole; by implication an ox bow; hence a yoke (either literally or figuratively).
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם: 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
and the pomp 1347
{1347} Prime
גָּאוֹן
ga'own
{gaw-ohn'}
From H1342; the same as H1346.
of her strength 5797
{5797} Prime
עֹז
`oz
{oze}
From H5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise).
shall cease 7673
{7673} Prime
שָׁבַת
shabath
{shaw-bath'}
A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
in her: y1931
[1931] Standard
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
as for her, x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
a cloud 6051
{6051} Prime
עֲנָן
`anan
{aw-nawn'}
From H6049; a cloud (as covering the sky), that is, the nimbus or thunder cloud.
shall cover 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
her, and her daughters 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
shall go y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
into captivity. 7628
{7628} Prime
שְׁבִי
sh@biy
{sheb-ee'}
From H7618; exiled; captured; as noun, exile (abstractly or concretely and collectively); by extension booty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 30:18

_ _ Tehaphnehes — called from the queen of Egypt mentioned in 1 Kings 11:19. The same as Daphne, near Pelusium, a royal residence of the Pharaohs (Jeremiah 43:7, Jeremiah 43:9). Called Hanes (Isaiah 30:4).

_ _ break ... the yokes of Egypt — that is, the tyrannical supremacy which she exercised over other nations. Compare “bands of their yoke” (Ezekiel 34:7).

_ _ a cloud — namely, of calamity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 30:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 30:18

Tehaphnehes — A great and goodly city of Egypt; Tachapanes, Tachpanes, Tahapanes, Tahpanes, Chanes, and Hanes, are names given it, and this from a queen of Egypt of that name in Solomon's time. It stood not far from Sin, or Pelusium. Darkened — A night shall come upon it. Break — I shall break the kingdom of Egypt, that it no more oppress with yokes, that is, burdens. Her daughters — Her towns and villages.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 30:18

At Tehaphnehes also the day (c) shall be darkened, when I shall break there the (d) yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.

(c) Meaning that there will be great sorrow and affliction.

(d) That is, the strength and force.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Tehaphnehes:

Jeremiah 2:16 Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of thy head.
, Tahapanes,
Jeremiah 43:7-9 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: thus came they [even] to Tahpanhes. ... Take great stones in thine hand, and hide them in the clay in the brickkiln, which [is] at the entry of Pharaoh's house in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah;
Jeremiah 46:14 Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.
, Tahpanhes

the day:

Exodus 10:15 For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt.
Isaiah 5:30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
Isaiah 9:19 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.
Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Joel 3:15 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

darkened:
or, restrained

I shall break:

Ezekiel 29:15 It shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it exalt itself any more above the nations: for I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations.
Isaiah 9:4 For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
Isaiah 10:27 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.
Isaiah 14:25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.

the pomp:

Ezekiel 31:18 To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that be] slain by the sword. This [is] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 32:18-32 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, [even] her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit. ... For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that are] slain with the sword, [even] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
Isaiah 14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, [and] the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.
Jeremiah 46:20-26 Egypt [is like] a very fair heifer, [but] destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north. ... And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.

a cloud:

Ezekiel 30:3 For the day [is] near, even the day of the LORD [is] near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen.
Isaiah 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 10:15. Is 5:30; 9:4, 19; 10:27; 13:10; 14:11, 25; 19:1. Jr 2:16; 43:7; 46:14, 20. Ezk 29:15; 30:3; 31:18; 32:18. Jol 3:15. Mt 24:29.

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